# Design of foundation for Fattouh building in Nablus

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Design of foundation for Fattouh building in Nablus
Prepared by Israa Hanani Noor Sobuh Nibal Awwad Supervisor Dr: Sami Hijjawi

Outline 1- Introduction and site description.
2- Load description and type of foundation. 3- Design of foundation. a. single footing b. mat foundation c. pile foundation

Introduction and site description
The building foundation or sub structure is that part of a structure which is placed below the surface of the ground and which transmits the superstructure load to the underlying soil ultimately . It is the part of a structural system that supports and anchors the superstructure of a building . Building located Fattouh for Aljnied prison and consists of 7 floors. Soil type built by architecture is clay soil . And the allowable bearing capacity is 182 KN/m2. Based on soil testing, the origin was designed to foundations mat foundation and under it pile .

Load description The proposed building has 23 type
of columns based on their dimension . The distribution of these columns and there corresponding load are shown in table. As shown from the table below, the columns service loads range from Tons . Col. no Dimension Load (KN) C1 20x60 2110 C4 50x50 2235 C17 30x160 2170 C18 20X100 1540 C19 20x175 2940 C23 20x120 1314

Type of foundation Type Pile Mate Single

Design single footing For column 1 (as an example ) :
The dimension of single footing according to applied service load and bearing capacity of soil as follow : For column 1 (as an example ) : Area of footing = Pall / Q all = 2110 / 182 =11.6 m2 (4.5m * 3m) and repeat it for all column . From the Fig. we see the overlap between the adjacent footing, so the single footing doesn't fit for this project.

Mat Foundation Area of mat footing = m2

1) We calculate center of loads X p= 1353055.8/ 65563 = 20.64 m
Calculate the center of loading that applied at columns (col. 1 as an example) : column Name Service KN))load Yi Xi P*Xi P*Yi C1 2110 11.65 39.9 84189 After that 1) We calculate center of loads X p= / = m Yp= / = m 2) Calculate the eccentricity in X and Y directions ex = YP – YG = – = m ey = XP – XG = – 21.3 = m

Total soil pressure = 4.53* 13.45 *113.13
q= -(Q/A) – (My X/ Iy ) – (Mxy/Ix) Ix = bh3 / = m4 Iy = m Mx = Q ex = KN.m My = KN.m q = 125 < 182 KN/m2 ……. Ok We take internal stripe in y- direction with width 4.53m as shown in fig. above Total soil pressure = 4.53* *113.13 = KN ∑ col loads = = 6818 KN

Shea force diagram

B.M.D. Mu = 3615.5 KN.m From the figure of shear and moment we do the
checks and compare the result to the max. value

Calculate the thickness of mat footing:-
Width of strip 4.53m Vu = KN Assume D =800 mm h =900 mm Wide beam shear check :- Ø vc = (0.75 / 6) (28 ) 0.5 *4530 * 800 / 1000 = KN > Vu ok Mu = KN.m ρ = > ρ min ok As = ρ bd = * 4530 *800 = mm 2 > As min 1Ø 25 / 200 mm As min = bh = mm2

Check Punching :- Check punching for C 8 :- Pu = 1.4 * 3230 = 4522 KN
ØVc = ( Ø /3 ) (fc )0.5 bod = ( 0.75 / 3) (28)0.5(2* * 1200 ) (800 ) /1000 = KN > Pu For columns 11 and 10 we may use drop panel or increase the amount of steel to make it ok for punching

Pile Footing A pile is a relatively long columnar construction element made of wood, or reinforced concrete, or metal, or a combination thereof. It is embedded into soil to receive and transmit vertical and transmit vertical and inclined loads into the soil or to rock below the ground surface

Design Pile Foundation For Column 11
Use All-Pile program Total Ultimate Capacity (Down)= kN, Total Ultimate Capacity (Up)= kN Total Allowable Capacity (Down)= kN, Total Allowable Capacity (Up)= kN

Design Pile Foundation For Column 11
where it's service load equal KN/m2   Number of Pile Find the min. length for pile from the equation and satisfied the min. Ep RI / Su = So from table min. length = 11* D = 8.8 m Assume allowable capacity of a 0.8-m-diameter and m-long pile Total Allowable Capacity (Down)= kN F=( P/N) +( Mxy/Σyi2) + (Myx/Σxi2) ≤ qall F= (5788)/N ≤ → N=8→ Use 8 Piles

The PLAN show the pile distribution and the spacing

Thickness of cap: Pu = 1. 2 DL + 1. 6LL = 7813. 8 KN Ru =Pu/N = 7813
Thickness of cap: Pu = 1.2 DL + 1.6LL = KN Ru =Pu/N = /8 = KN Wide beam shear : Vu =976.72*2 = KN ϕVc = (1/6) (√fc) bd /1000 = 0.75(1/6)(√28)(3500)d/1000= → d = 850 mm → h =1050 mm

Punching shear : For column: Vu= KN ϕVc= 0.75(1/3)(√28)*800*(1350*2+1350*2)/1000= 6071KN > KN → NOT OK SO we increase d= 1000 mm , h=1200 mm ϕVc = 7937 > KN → OK

Reinforcement Long direction
Mu = Pu L / 4 = 1172 KN.m , d= 1000 mm, ρ= * 10-3 As = *10-3* 3500 * 1000 = 3122 mm2 As min = bh = * 3500 * 1200 = 7560 mm For bottom steel > As → Use As min → use 15 ϕ 25 For Top Steel ->> 7560/2 = 3780 mm2 use 12 ϕ 20 Short direction = *3500*1200 = 7560 mm2 >As Use As min → use 15 ϕ 25

From Table at Dia. 800 mm Mcapacity = 901.5 KN.m As = 25.1 (10 φ 18)
The figure show the distribution of the steel (a) Show the distribution steel for cap from analysis and (b) Show the distribution of the steel for Pile from classification φ