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GUSTAR and similar verbs ●How do we properly use these verbs to communicate likes, interests, dislikes, etc? ●How does their usage differ from “regular” verbs? Some information for this presentation taken from: http://www.drlemon.com/Grammar/Gustar.html
GUSTAR-type verbs vs. other verbs Let’s review how regular verbs work. ●Example: querer (to want) ●Yo quiero el libro. ●In this sentence, “yo” is the subject and “el libro” is the object (the thing that is being wanted).
GUSTAR-type verbs vs. other verbs ●Gustar (and all other verbs like it) don’t work that way. ●Gustar loosely translated means “to like” but literally means “to be pleasing to”. ●You can’t say “Yo gusto el libro” for I like the book. ●With gustar, the subject is the person or thing that is pleasing to you. You are the object. ●The correct sentence is “Me gusta el libro” meaning The book is pleasing to me.
GUSTAR - we typically only use two forms ●There are only two forms of the verb gustar that are commonly used. Imagine there are only two forms. gusta (singular things, infinitive verbs) gustan (plural things) Examples: Me gusta el chocolate. (singular thing) Me gusta ir al parque. (infinitive verb, an activity) Me gustan las películas de ciencia ficción. (plural things) No matter how many verbs you list, you will ALWAYS use me gusta. Me gusta jugar el fútbol, estar con mis amigos, y leer libros.
Pausa... Answer these questions: 1.What does gustar mean literally and loosely translated? 2.Why can’t we use gustar like other kinds of verbs? 3.What is the difference between me gusta and me gustan? 4.In the sentence Me gusta la escuela, what is the subject and what is the object?
GUSTAR - Used with indirect object pronouns When using gustar, it must be preceded by an indirect object pronoun. These will come before the conjugated verb. These pronouns will refer to who is doing the liking, or literally, to whom the subject is pleasing. Example: Te gusta la clase. You like the class. menos teos leles
GUSTAR - Using clarifiers with le gusta and les gusta It is important to use a clarifier when saying le gusta and les gusta because you could be referring to any number of different people. Le gusta could refer to: ●él, ella, usted, mi amigo, tu papá, etc. Les gusta could refer to: ●ellos, ellas, ustedes, Juan y José, mis hermanos, etc. A Carlos le gusta el restaurante. A mis hijos les gusta ir a Disneylandia. You can use clarifiers with me, te, etc., but they are not necessary. Me only refers to me, te only refers to you, and so on.
Double verb rule with verbs like GUSTAR Any verb that follows me gusta… will not be conjugated because of the double verb rule. Don’t say: Me gusta como la comida mexicana. Say: Me gusta comer la comida mexicana.
Pausa... Answer these questions: 1.What do me, te, le, etc., refer to? 2.How does the double-verb rule apply to using gustar-type verbs? 3.What forms do you not need a clarifier for and why?
You try it... 1.I like to take naps at 2:00. 2.María likes her classes. 3.We like to watch TV and listen to music. 4.The students like to wake up early.
Other verbs like GUSTAR Your vocab list has many verbs that function in the same way as gustar. Refer to that list as you translate these sentences. 5.My sister bothers me. 6.I love to travel. 7.You can’t stand reading boring books. 8.Ramon is interested in painting and drawing. 9.Traveling fascinates them. (mis hermanos) 10.The situation appears difficult to us. 11. The game bores the girls.
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