Presentation on theme: "MODAL VERBS. (TOP MARKS 1º BACHILLERATO UNIT 6 p. 70, 123)"— Presentation transcript:
1 MODAL VERBS. (TOP MARKS 1º BACHILLERATO UNIT 6 p. 70, 123) Burlington Books
2 MODAL VERBS: CHARACTERISTICS. 1.- They have the same form for singular and plural.ex: they can swim / he can swim.2.- They don´t need an auxiliary to form interogative and/or negative.ex: they can´t swim; can he swim?3.- They are followed by infinitive without “to” but “have to”, “ought to”and “need to”.ex: I could swim4.- They are followed by another verb.ex: She could read French.5.- Some of them have several meanings.ex: I could read Chinese (ability)ex: could you pass me the water? (request)
3 ABILITY (OTHER TENSES) MODAL VERBS.MODALEXAMPLESUSESCAN (PRESENT)BE ABLE TOMary can run very fast.Mary is able to run fast.ABILITY (PRESENT)COULD (PAST)She could run very fast when she was a childABILITY (PAST)BE ABLE TO (REST OF TENSES)She will be able to run fast in two monthsABILITY (OTHER TENSES)
4 MODAL VERBS. MODAL EXAMPLES USES REQUEST POLITE REQUEST FORMAL REQUEST CAN-PUEDES-Can I call you tonight?REQUESTCOULD-PODRÍAS-MAY-PUEDO-Could you help me with the suitcases?May I join this team?POLITE REQUESTWOULD-QUIERES-Would you open the window?Would you like something to drink?FORMAL REQUESTOFFERYou could exercise and eat healthier foodPOLITE SUGGESTION
5 MODAL VERBS. MODAL EXAMPLES USES POSSIBILITY (EXITS) (+) (-) CAN Women´s sports can be exciting to watchPOSSIBILITY(EXITS)COULDIt could be dangerous for women to compete with men.(+)MIGHTShe might win the gold medal in the competition(-)
6 MODAL VERBS. MODAL EXAMPLES USES OBLIGATION/ NECESSITY (PRESENT) MUST (PRESENT)(internal obligation)HAVE TO (PRESENT)(external obligation)-TENER QUE-You must try hard for the match.I have to buy the tickets todayOBLIGATION/NECESSITY(PRESENT)HAD TO (PAST)(internal/external obligation)You had to try hard for the match.I had to buy the tikets yesterday(PAST)NEED TO (PRESENT)- NECESITAR-(NO ES MODAL)You need to practise harder.NEEDED TO (PAST)You needed to practise harder.IT NEEDSAUXILIARY
7 CERTAINTY THAT SOMETHING IS TRUE/ DEDUCTION MODAL VERBS.MODALEXAMPLESUSESNEEDN´T-NO TENER QUE-(MODAL,SÓLO NEGATIVA)You needn´t bring anything to the partyLACK OF OBLIGATIONDON´T HAVE TOI don´t have to get up early tomorrow.IT NEEDSAUXILIARYMODALEXAMPLEUSESMUSTShe´s got a great job. She must be very happyCERTAINTY THAT SOMETHING IS TRUE/ DEDUCTIONMODALEXAMPLEUSESMUSTN´TYou mustn´t exceed the speed limitPROHIBITION
8 MODAL VERBS. MODAL EXAMPLE USES ADVISE / OPINION SHOULD (shouldn´t) -DEBERÍA-OUGHT TO(ought not to)You should try and get on well with your siblings.You ought to warm up before training.ADVISE /OPINION
9 PERFECT MODALS MODAL PERFECT EXAMPLES USES MUST HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE Linda has arrived late. She must have been in a traffic jam.Certainty that something was true.Expresa una conclusion lógica sobre un hecho pasado.MAY/MIGHT HAVE + PASTPARTICIPLEShe may/might have taken the wrong bus.A guess about a past actionSe usa para hacer una suposición de algo pasado.COULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLEHe couldn´t have gone to the concert because he was doing a test.Certainty that something did not happen.Indica que se pudo haber hecho algo en el pasado pero que finalmente no se hizo.WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLEI would have gone to the party, but it was too busyWillingness to have done something but in fact could not.Indica que se quiso haber hecho algo en el pasado, pero no se pudo debido a factores o circunstancias externas.
10 PERFECT MODALS.MODAL PERFECTEXAMPLESUSESSHOULD/OUGHT TO HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLEYou should / ought to have warned me earlierCriticism or regret after an event.Podemos tanto quejarnos de lo ocurrido en el pasado, como lamentarnos de que no se haya cumplido lo que esperábamos.SHOULDN´T HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLEHe shouldn´t have forgotten about her birthday.Criticism after an event.Expresa nuestra opinión crítica sobre un hecho pasado indicando que no debería haber ocurrido.NEEDN´T HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLEYou needen´t have brought anything to my partyAn unnecesary action in the past.Indica que no había necesidad de hacer lo que se hizo.