Presentation on theme: "Physical modeling of speech XV Pacific Voice Conference PVSF-PIXAR 3-11-05 Brad Story Dept. of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences University of Arizona."— Presentation transcript:
Physical modeling of speech XV Pacific Voice Conference PVSF-PIXAR 3-11-05 Brad Story Dept. of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences University of Arizona Tucson, AZ and voice quality
Physical model of human sound production: A mathematical representation of the physical processes that produce the sounds of speech and song.
Sound Production = Combination of Sound Sources and Filters Filter: Air spaces created by the trachea, pharynx, oral cavity, nasal passages Trachea Primary Source: Vibration of the vocal folds creates a time-varying airflow (glottal flow). Nasal tract
Source Model: vocal fold vibration, glottal area, glottal flow, etc. F0, intensity, breathy/pressed, registers, biphonation, etc. Filter Model: acoustic wave propagation through the air spaces of the trachea, vocal and nasal tracts Formant frequencies (F1, F2, F3, …) Time variation of glottal parameters Time variation of vocal tract shape speech/song/other
vocal folds output pressure Sagittal viewTubular approximation Source: glottal area/flow Low F0 Med F0 High F0
Modeling Voice Quality “Voice quality is conceived here in a broad sense, as the characteristic auditory coloring of an individual speaker’s voice, and not in the more narrow sense of the quality deriving solely from laryngeal activity” From “The Phonetic Description of Voice Quality” by J. Laver (1980) What is voice quality?
Respiratory system structure & settings Laryngeal structure & settings Vocal Tract Structure & settings Temporal control Auditory coloring of an individual speaker’s voice results from:
Voice Quality Changes based on vocal tract modifications 1.Longitudinal: Modification of vocal tract length 2. Latitudinal: Tendencies to maintain a particular constrictive (or expansive) effect on the vocal tract shape.
1.Modification of vocal tract length (+ temporal modification) L= 17.5 cm
1.Modification of vocal tract length (+ temporal and F0 modification) L= 23 cm L= 17.5 cm L= 11 cm 60% 40% 80% 20%
2. Tendencies to maintain a particular constrictive (or expansive) effect on the vocal tract shape. (+ F0 contour modification) “pharyngealized” “palatized”
Beyond human voice quality… F0 = 30-50 Hz Vocal tract length = 31 cm F0 = 600-1000 Hz Vocal tract length = 4.4 cm