2 OverviewThe SIOP model is an approach to teaching content information to English learners. The instructional techniques in SIOP are appropriate for all students, but absolutely essential for English learners.The model consists of 30 features of effective instruction that are categorized under 8 components.
5 #1: Lesson PreparationContent objectives clearly defined, displayed, and reviewed with studentsLanguage objectives clearly defined, displayed, and reviewed with studentsContent concepts appropriate for age and educational backgroundSupplementary materials used to a high degreeAdaptation of content to all levels of student proficiencyMeaningful activities that integrate lesson concepts with language practice opportunities
6 #2: Building Background Concepts explicitly linked to students’ background experiencesLinks explicitly made between past learning and new conceptsKey vocabulary emphasized
7 #3: Comprehensible Input Speech appropriate for students’ proficiency levelsClear explanation of academic tasksA variety of techniques used to make content concepts clear
8 #4: StrategiesAmple opportunities provided for students to use learning strategiesScaffolding techniques consistently used, assisting and supporting student understandingA variety of questions or tasks that promote higher-order thinking skills
9 #5: Interaction Frequent opportunities for interaction and discussion Grouping configurations support language and content objectivesSufficient wait time for student responses consistently providedAmple opportunity for students to clarify key concepts in L1
10 #6: Practice & Application Hands-on materials and/or manipulatives provided for students to practice using new content knowledgeActivities provided for students to apply content and language knowledgeActivities integrate all language skills
11 #7: Lesson DeliveryContent objectives clearly supported by lesson deliveryLanguage objectives clearly supported by lesson deliveryStudents engaged approximately 90% to 100% of the PeriodPacing of the lesson appropriate to students’ ability levels
12 #8: Review & Assessment Comprehensive review of key vocabulary Comprehensive review of key content conceptsRegular feedback provided to students on their outputAssessment of student comprehension and learning of all lesson objectives throughout the lesson
13 Think about itWhich features are already present in each of your lessons?Which features are rarely, if ever, present in each of your lessons?