# COMP 170 L2 Page 1 L03: Binomial Coefficients l Purpose n Properties of binomial coefficients n Related issues: the Binomial Theorem and labeling.

## Presentation on theme: "COMP 170 L2 Page 1 L03: Binomial Coefficients l Purpose n Properties of binomial coefficients n Related issues: the Binomial Theorem and labeling."— Presentation transcript:

COMP 170 L2 Page 1 L03: Binomial Coefficients l Purpose n Properties of binomial coefficients n Related issues: the Binomial Theorem and labeling

COMP 170 L2 Page 2 Outline l Basic properties l Pascal’s triangle l The Binomial theorem l Labeling and Trinomial coefficients

COMP 170 L2 Page 3 Basic properties

COMP 170 L2 Page 4 Basic Properties l Correct, but not so telling.

COMP 170 L2 Page 5 Proof of.

COMP 170 L2 Page 6 Proof of.

COMP 170 L2 Page 7 Proof of.

COMP 170 L2 Page 8 Basic Properties l Example

COMP 170 L2 Page 9 Proof of

COMP 170 L2 Page 10

COMP 170 L2 Page 11 Proof of

COMP 170 L2 Page 12 Proof of

COMP 170 L2 Page 13 Summary of Basic Properties

COMP 170 L2 Page 14 Outline l Basic properties l Pascal’s triangle l The Binomial theorem l Labeling and Trinomial coefficients

COMP 170 L2 Page 15 Pascal’s Triangle

COMP 170 L2 Page 16 Pascal’s Triangle l Each entry = sum of the two entries above it

COMP 170 L2 Page 17 Pascal’s Triangle l Each entry = sum of the two entries above it l Next row?

COMP 170 L2 Page 18 Pascal Relationship l Examples

COMP 170 L2 Page 19 Algebraic Proof of Pascal’s Relationship l For reference only. l Will give proof by sum principle. More revealing.

COMP 170 L2 Page 20 Proof of Pascal’s Relationship by Sum Principle

COMP 170 L2 Page 21 Proof of Pascal’s Relationship by Sum Principle

COMP 170 L2 Page 22

COMP 170 L2 Page 23 Pascal Relationship

COMP 170 L2 Page 24 Outline l Basic properties l Pascal’s triangle l The Binomial theorem l Labeling and Trinomial coefficients

COMP 170 L2 Page 25 Expanding Binomials

COMP 170 L2 Page 26 The Binomial Theorem l We are concerned with n What is the theorem true?

COMP 170 L2 Page 27 Examples l Monomial terms: n Lists of length two, each element can either be x or y. l How many monomial terms with one y (and hence one x) ? n = number of ways to choose 1 place among 2 places n That is the coefficient for the term l Similarly n Coefficient for  = number of lists having 0 place for y = n Coefficient for  = number of lists having 2 places for y = l So

COMP 170 L2 Page 28 Examples l Coefficient for n = number of ways to choose 2 places for 3 places. l Coefficient for n = number of ways to choose i places from 3 places

COMP 170 L2 Page 29 Proof of the Binomial Theorem l Coefficient of n = number of lists having y in k places n =number of ways to choose k places from n places n=n=

COMP 170 L2 Page 30 Applications of the Binomial Theorem

COMP 170 L2 Page 31 Applications of the Binomial Theorem

COMP 170 L2 Page 32 Outline l Basic properties l Pascal’s triangle l The Binomial theorem l Labeling and Trinomial coefficients

COMP 170 L2 Page 33 Labeling with 2 Colors

COMP 170 L2 Page 34 Labeling with 3 Colors

COMP 170 L2 Page 35 Trinomial Coefficients

COMP 170 L2 Page 36 Number of Partitions

COMP 170 L2 Page 37 Trinomial Coefficients The number of ways to partition a set of n places into 3 subsets of k1, k2 and k3 places Each list is of length n, consisting of x, y, z

COMP 170 L2 Page 38 18-02-2010: Recap

COMP 170 L2 Page 39 18-02-2010: Recap

COMP 170 L2 Page 40 Past Exam Question

COMP 170 L2 Page 41 Past Exam Question

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