Presentation on theme: "Allies were aware of these camps. They learned what was going on in these camps only at the end of the war. Dwight Eisenhower described it as: “ Ruthless."— Presentation transcript:
Allies were aware of these camps. They learned what was going on in these camps only at the end of the war. Dwight Eisenhower described it as: “ Ruthless disregard with every sense of decency.” along with inhumane. Camps were liberated almost immediately.
Axis Powers are charged with war crimes. Trials were held in Nuremberg. Trials discredited Totolitarianistic ideology. Nearly 200 Germans and Austrians were tried. Many: received death sentences. were imprisoned. were accused of these crimes and were never captured or put to trial (mainly in Japan) showed that the military or political leaders should be fined instead of the men.
War crimes discredited totalitarian ideology. US tried to ensure peace in Europe. Japan and Germany tried to create new governments such as a new democratic situation (mainly occurred in Germany and Japan) General MacArthur encouraged Japan to create a new constitution.
April 1945- delegates from 50 nations met at San Francisco to draft a charter for the United Nations. The United Nations is more involved in worldly affairs than the League of Nations (its predecessor). Every nation in the U.N. (under the UN Charter) has one vote in the General Assembly. The Security council is much smaller than the General Assembly but has more power. The permanent U.N. members which are the U.S., The Soviet Union (now Russia), Britain, France, and China all have the right to veto any council decision. The Security Council has the power to apply economic sanctions and send a peace keeping military force to resolve disputes.
Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, more acts of peacekeeping have been approved. The U.N. does more than peacekeeping they: stop disease outbreaks create better education protect refugees help organizations to economically grow. Organizations such as the “World Health Organization” and the “Food and Agricultural Organization” have helped millions around the world.
The Soviet Union and the nations of the west cooperated to defeat Germany Allies set up councils with Britain, France, China, United States, and Soviet union to keep peace Several peace agreements were created with axis powers in 1947 German reparations cased tension to greaten between the powers This tension led to the cold war Was a state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with US and nation aligned with the Soviet Union
Stalin had two goals during cold war: spread communism create a zone of friendly governments as a defense against Germany Roosevelt and Churchill rejected Stalin’s views and made him promise “free elections.” Stalin Ignored it and his influence cased rapid spread of communism. Poland, Czechoslovakia, and elsewhere destroyed local political parties for communism They assassinated democratic leaders By 1948 pro-Soviet communist government were in place throughout Europe
Truman Doctrine Outlined a new policy to Congress on March 12, 1947 Wrote that the U.S will help any free people who are being attacked by outside armed forces Helped stop Soviet and communism expansion
Marshal Plan -Massive aid package where the U.S sent food and economic assistance to Europe -Lent a helping hand for Western Europe to rebuild -Extended Marshal Plan to Germany which angered the Soviets
Berlin Airlift Cargo planes supplied the Western side of Germany The Berlin Airlift made tensions grow Stalin Holds Strong on Germany Mad about Western Moves to rebuild Germany Stalin refused to give supplies to Western Germany Warsaw Pact Military Alliance between the Soviet Union and it’s satellites Created to control Russia’s satellites NATO Formed Military Alliance between the Allies Pledged to help if any one of them were attacked
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