Presentation on theme: "SAINT PETERSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY"— Presentation transcript:
1 SAINT PETERSBURG STATE UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Motor Components in Mental Imagery Underlying Comprehension of TextOlga V. Scherbakova1
2 Basic pointsthinking is provided by mental operations upon mental objects. Mental operation is an action which plays the structuring role in mental space composing (Fauconnier, Turner, 2006; Kholodnaya, 2002 (in Russian)) and leads to the new meaning uprising2) thinking is usually being performed in a mental space which is built up for the purposes of thinking and contains mental objects (mental representations, symbols, concepts)3) mental imagery is an essential component of thinking (Bartlett, 1958; Paivio, 1965; Johnson, 1987; Kosslyn, Ganis, Thompson, 2003)
3 How do mental imagery help us in thinking and text comprehension? The questions are:How do mental imagery help us in thinking and text comprehension?What are the certain ways of imagery influences upon understanding?
4 Verbal joke as a special form of intellectual task: ecologicalmotivates to understandinvolves both cognitive and emotional abilitiesdoes not look as a problem to be solved
5 Binary cognitive structure of a comical text contxtContext АMS1а3аМS2аContext В1b3b2bKey word5
6 Methods The set of 7 verbal jokes with increasing difficulty. Indepth interview, 37 participants (male and female aged 17 to 54).Verbal reports and depictions.Qualitative psychological microanalysis of verbal reports and graphycal representations.
7 Joke “Soup” A wife tells to her husband: - Darling, I’m gonna visit the girl next door, it’ll take me 5 minutes. And you, wouldn’t you mind stiring the soup every half an hour while I’m away?
8 The graphical representation for the key idea of time stretching: from 5 minutes to half an hour
9 Joke “Doctor”One man came to a surgery with the complaint to a stomach ache. And the surgeon told him: since you have a stomach ache, I’ll cut your ears off.The poor man got afraid of this decision and then went to a therapist saying:- Doctor, you know, that surgeon, he was really freaky: I told him about my stomach ache and he advised me to cut off my ears!And the therapist answered:- Don’t you listen to these surgeons! Cutting off this, cutting off that – that’s the only thing they are good at! Listen, I’ll give you a pill – when you take it, your ears will immediately fall off by themselves!
10 The graphical representation for the key idea of ears’ falling apart
11 ConclusionsMental imagery that emerges during thinking is organized in generalized imagery schemas. Such schemas often include motor components that function as interiorized and archived embodied programs for thinking.
12 Conclusions2) These kinaesthetical representations of the text look like compressed thinking operations that one is hardly aware of. Since thinking is an essentially active process which reorganizes and revises mental representations of situations, motor components of understanding seem to be the thinking itself.
13 Conclusions3) Motor components of mental imagery explicates the dynamics of understanding and contains the information about main strategies of imagery reconstructions.