Presentation Rune Johansen – CISA, CIA, Dipl. Int revisor – 9 years experience in IT audits and quality insurance from various ministries with their subordinate agencies, private companies and system development projects. Børre Lagesen – CISA – 6 years experience in IT audit from various ministries with their subordinate agencies.
Agenda 1.What is the objective for this workshop? 2.Background 3.Method for Risk-based sampling 4.Case study 5.Experiences from practical use in Norway. 6.Sum up and questions
1. The objective for this workshop. 1.Help the auditor to select the right areas and processes for IT auditing. 2.Contribute to improvement and quality in the performance of the IT risk assessment 3.Contribute to an open discussion and knowledge sharing.
2. Background 1.Why CobiT? 2.Why this risk assessment approach? –CobiT is highly comprehensive and its use quite time consuming. –This in stark contrast to our everyday situation, where time is a critical factor. –CobiT does not provide clear guidelines on how to carry out an overall (or “high level”) audit risk assessment.
Method for Risk-based sampling 1.The method presented is not intended as a final template. 2.The presentation is based on qualitative assessments of risks. 3.The method uses the following sources: Audit Guidelines Controll Ojectives but could also use the maturity model in “Management Guidelines”
Selection based on criterias/processes/resources Risk assessment of selected processes IT audit Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Method for Risk-based sampling
Scale Control routines Doc The audited entity has a documented routine or process that deals with the matter. Undoc The audited entity does not have a documented routine or documented processes that deal with the matter. Don’t exist The process does not exist in this organisation. Futher actions and consequences for other types of audits needs to be considered. P1P2P3
Scale Probability H It is regarded as highly probable that this process will be negatively affected by internal or external events. M It is regarded as possible that this process will be negatively affected by internal or external events. L It is not regarded as very probable that this process will be negatively affected by internal or external events P1P2P3
Method for Risk-based sampling Scale Consequence H Negative internal or external incidents are expected to have major consequences. M Negative internal or external incidents are expected to have medium consequences. L Negative internal or external incidents are expected to have minor consequences. P1P2P3
Each process is then subject to a risk assessment where probability and consequences are considered together. On the basis of how the process is rated in terms of risk (H high, M medium, L low – in our example), they are selected for further IT audit (phase 3). P1P2P3
Method for Risk-based sampling IT process and audit questions Results of evaluation and testing RecommendationRef. AI6Change management Has a method been established for prioritisation of change recommendations from users, and if so, is it being used? Have procedures been compiled for sudden changes, and if so, are they being used? Is there a formal procedure for monitoring changes, and if so, is it being used? Etc. Observation: Method for changes… There is no procedure for sudden changes … Etc. Assessments: The methodology is incomplete in terms of sudden changes… Conclusion: The methodology is inadequate … We recommend … P1P2P3
WORK!!!! 1.Identify relevant questions for chosen processes (PO9, DS4, DS5) based on your points in “and takes into consideration”. (from 14.05 to 14.30 – 25 minutes) 2.Use the questions on the case study. Evaluate risk and conclude on further audit. (from 14.30 to 15.30 – 60 minutes including break. ) 3.Discussions (from 15.30 to 16.15 – 45 minutes)
Experience Pros able to develop a good risk profile able to select the right process to audit reuse of questionnaire and risk profile Cons it took time to develop the questions takes time to perform such a comprehensive risk assessment.