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Deployment of MPLS VPN in Large ISP Networks

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Presentation on theme: "Deployment of MPLS VPN in Large ISP Networks"— Presentation transcript:

1 Deployment of MPLS VPN in Large ISP Networks
Luyuan Fang IP Network Architecture AT&T

2 Outline Requirements Associated with the Deployment of MPLS VPN in an ISP Network Strategy for the Incremental Deployment of MPLS VPN MPLS VPN - Implementation Options Carrier’s Carrier and Inter-provider Backbone VPN Deployment Issues and Future Work

3 Requirements Associated with the Deployment of MPLS VPN in an ISP Network
Preservation of network integrity the new service features must not entail the risk of degrading the reliability and availability of the existing network Scalability Scaleable to large number of provider-based VPN Network of network VPN services Carrier’s Carrier and Inter-provider backbone VPN Satisfaction of customers’ security requirements Proactive management and fast restoration in case of failure

4 Strategy for the Incremental Deployment of MPLS VPN
The steps described here are simplified for illustrative purposes The steps may not be followed in the exact order proposed in a production environment Different steps may also be taken simultaneously, depending on the business needs, feature availability, and interoperability

5 Strategy for the Incremental Deployment of MPLS VPN (2)
Step 1. Preparation: Extensive lab test: feature, regression, network integration Potential hardware and software upgrade on all routers (P’s - Provider backbone routers, and PE’s - Provider Edge routers) for supporting MPLS LDP, VPN, RSVP features Routing IGP - link state protocol, e.g. OSPF or IS-IS BGP - multiple BGP sessions for VPN PE routers

6 Strategy for the Incremental Deployment of MPLS VPN (3)
Step 2. Enable MPLS in the core Enable LDP on all backbone routers if possible MPLS TE may be enabled in certain areas as necessary The distribution and access routers may not be all MPLS enabled at this time

7 Strategy for the Incremental Deployment of MPLS VPN (4)
Step 3. Basic MPLS VPN connectivity with limited sites and limited number of VPN’s: Upgrade the hardware and software on the VPN PE routers only Enable LDP and VPN on the selected PE’s Step 4. Expand the MPLS VPN footprint Enable MPLS LDP in more (or all) router locations Enable VPN in additional PE routers as needed Step 5. MPLS VPN General Availability

8 Strategy for the Incremental Deployment of MPLS VPN (5)
Step 6. Inter-AS MPLS VPN and Carrier’s Carrier Interconnect different AS’s of the same provider providing MPLS VPN services Interconnect with international partners for Global reachability Provide VPN services to other ISP’s– Carrier’s Carrier VPN Step 7. QoS-enabled MPLS VPN Enable QoS features for the MPLS network, including VPN Using QoS VPN for potential VoIP, Video services

9 MPLS VPN - Implementation Options

10 Case Study 1: VPN (PE) + LDP (P, PE)
Configuration: IGP (e.g. OSPF, or IS-IS) routing in the core MPLS (e.g. LDP) enabled for all P and PE routers MP-iBGP fully meshed between PE’s VPN configured on VPN PE’s PE-CE can be e-BGP, OSPF, RIP or Static LSP - Label Switched Path PHP: Penultimate Hop Popping VPN A VPN B VPN LDP P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 PHP LDP Setting up LSP through LDP, LSP path = IGP path - Simplicity Requires LDP interoperability; VPN/LDP inter-working No control on LSP, label failure on IGP path can cause VPN failure

11 Case Study 2: VPN (PE) + RSVP TE Tunnel (PE-PE)
Configuration: Using RSVP TE Tunnel (PE-PE) to set up the LSP Set up back-up tunnel for failure protection IGP, BGP, VPN, and PE-CE link configuration as in Case 1 VPN A VPN B VPN P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 TE OSPF area 0 OSPF area 1 OSPF area 2 PHP TE Requires RSVP TE tunnel, potentially across multi-OSPF areas Requires RSVP TE interoperability; VPN / TE inter-working End-to-end LSP control - better failure protection, fast re-route may be used

12 Case Study 3: VPN + LDP + RSVP TE Tunnel
Configuration: LDP enabled on all routers, except P4 and P5 RSVP TE Tunnels used only in OSPF area 0 (P1-P3-P5), with back-up tunnel (P1-P2-P4-P5) VPN A VPN B VPN P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 OSPF area 0 OSPF area 1 OSPF area 2 LDP TE PHP TE PHP LDP Requires RSVP TE interoperability Requires VPN/LDP inter-working, LDP/TE inter-working Provides feasible solutions when cases 1 and 2 cannot be realized

13 Carrier’s Carrier VPN ISP A backbone provides VPN services to ISP B
Case 1. ISP B may not run MPLS in its network Case 2. ISP B may run MPLS (LDP) in its network Case 3. ISP B may run MPLS VPN in its network - Hierarchical VPN’s ISP B - Site Y ISP B’s Customers PE2 ISP A Carrier Backbone ISP B - Site X CE2 CE1 PE1 ASBR1, RR ASBR2, RR iBGP MP- iBGP LDP VPN B VPN A Carrier’s Carrier VPN Case 3

14 Carrier’s Carrier VPN (2)
MPLS (LDP) used between PE and CE in all three cases PE-CE routing: OSPF/RIP/Static Security mechanism needed for label “spoofing” prevention iBGP sessions between ISP B sites Use Route Reflectors to improve scalability ISP A distributes ISP B’s internal routes through MPLS-VPN only ISP B’s external routes advertised to all ISP B site through ISP B’s Route Reflector iBGP session

15 Inter-Providers Backbone VPN
RR-A RR-B AS B AS A LDP VPN B PE1 VPN B VPN AB CE1 LDP VPN A PE-ASBR1 CE2 PE-ASBR2 LDP VPN A MP- eBGP PE2 MP- iBGP MP- iBGP Customers have sites connected to different AS’s or ISP’s PE-ASBR’s connect the two AS’s E-BGP sessions for VPN-IPv4 single VPN label, no LDP label no VRF assigned, based on policy agreed by the two ISP’s (AS’s) Route reflectors reflect VPN-IPv4 internal routes within its AS Security, scalability, policies between ISP’s

16 MPLS VPN Deployment Issues
MPLS Feature availability VPN, LDP, RSVP, CR-LDP: individually, and Inter-working amongst subsets of these Coping with reality of feature availability Multi-vendor inter-operability Required in an heterogeneous IP network Deployment strategy Partially enable MPLS vs. Fully enable MPLS in the entire IP backbone TE tunnels, use only as needed vs. fully meshed QoS VPN: map VPN into guaranteed bandwidth tunnels with class of service

17 MPLS VPN Deployment Issues (2)
Scalability The use of Route Reflectors Performance impact on PE’s needs to be measured Carrier of Carriers and Inter-AS backbone Load sharing between PE-CE links Assign different RDs to different sites vs. single RD for each VPN Security One VPN’s route does not exist in other non-connected VPN’s VRF or the global routing table FR/ATM equivalent security - more study needed

18 MPLS VPN Network Management
Available MIBs today LSR MIB, LDP MIB, VPN MIB, MBGP MIB, RSVP TE MIB, FTN MIB,… Configuration and Provisioning Auto-provisioning tools needed for large scale VPN deployment

19 MPLS VPN Network Management (2)
Performance All MPLS features impact on performance, including basic VPN on PE routers, and need to be studied More study needed for VPN supporting QoS Network performance: delay, jitter, loss, throughput, availability Element performance: utilization Security management Authentication, control access, monitoring

20 MPLS VPN Network Management (3)
Traffic Management/Engineering Characterize traffic for VPN’s Profiling, correlation, and optimization Fault management Monitoring and troubleshooting VPN failure detection and recovery PE1 PE3 P1 P3 P2 P4 PE2 PE4 CE1 VPN A X CE2 Y Example: Config: LDP in the core for all P and PE router; IGP: OSPF; iBGP full mesh between PE’s LSP: OSPF shortest path: PE1-P1-P3-P4-PE2; no TE tunnels. Failure: All links and nodes are up, but P3 label switching fails, LSP breaks, VPN fails. Solution need: PE1 and PE2 need to to be notified of the LSP failure; LSP needs to be re-established through recovery mechanism, restore VPN

21 Summary Incremental deployment of BGP/MPLS VPN in IP backbone is feasible Implementation alternatives and examples illustrated here are being experimented with through lab testing Deployment Challenges Feature availability Interoperability Manageability

22 Summary (2) Future work Resolve open issues on scalability, load sharing, and security Better understand service deployment and management

23 Thank You Luyuan Fang Principal Technical Staff Member
IP Network Architecture AT&T

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