Presentation on theme: "Unit 4 Enlightenment and Absolutism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 4 Enlightenment and Absolutism Lesson 1 The Rise of Nations (NATION)
2 The Rise of Nations (NATION) Learning Target Students can explain the rise of nationalism and absolutism in Europe
3 The Rise of Nations (NATION) BackgroundIn Unit 2 we learned about feudalism. It was the political organization of the Middle Ages. Now you will learn about nationalism. As we observe nations developing, we will study many different kings and queens. Some thought that God gave them the right to rule. Others though that everything revolved around them.In this Unit of study we will do more than learn about kings and queens. We will learn of a powerful armada, a beautiful city in St. Petersburg, Russia, and see a civil war in England.The Renaissance, the Reformation, and new scientific discoveries brought great change to European societies. Each challenged the way people had lived since the Middle Ages. Another challenge came when Europe began to develop into nations
4 The Rise of Nations (NATION) N – NationalismIn feudalism the people were loyal to different noblesIn nationalism the people are loyal to their country, or nationNationalism began with England and France soon followedPeople in these nations shared the same “geographical boundaries”
5 The Rise of Nations (NATION) A – Absolute PowerAll new nations had to answer one question: “what form of government shall we have?”Different groups wanted power – city governments, the wealthy class, church officialsThomas Hobbes wrote in the 1600s about absolutismHe stated a powerful monarch (queen or king) with unlimited power was the best answer to govern a nation
6 The Rise of Nations (NATION) T – TraditionsIn these nations the people shared common languages, history, and traditionsA tradition is an idea, custom, or belief that is handed down from one person to the nextThe nation became part of who a society and an individual in the nation was
7 The Rise of Nations (NATION) I – “I Am”People began to identify with their particular nation – “I am English”Unity and Identity are essential components to any strong societyThese continue to be important forces today (i.e. Kentucky’s Motto)
8 The Rise of Nations (NATION) O – One AuthoritySome monarchs ruled by “divine right” (meaning God has chosen them to rule)This type of authority is without limit (disobedience is death)
9 The Rise of Nations (NATION) N – Need to be centralized: PowerAbsolutism and “divine right” centralized religion and governmentReligious leadership in the nation now fell to the king of the nationThe Protestant Reformation and edicts of religious tolerance reduced Papal authority
10 The Rise of Nations (NATION) StoryHow powerful did these monarchs become? Take Philip III for example. Early in the 1600s, Philip III, the king of Spain, fell asleep before a blazing fire. Earlier the king had ordered that only one person could move his chair. But this one person was no longer in the room! Seeing that the fire was going to burn the king, his servants searched the castle. No one found the man who had permission to move the king’s chair, so the servants stood there and did nothing! They let the fire burn the king! If they had moved the chair, they would have disobeyed, or gone against, a royal order. That is absolute power!
11 The Rise of Nations (NATION) QuestionsWhat type of government is ruled by a king or queen?During the Age of Kings _________________, or loyalty to one’s country, developed.Nationalism began in the country of _______________, and France soon followed.During this period many monarchs had absolute or __________________, power.The idea that kings are given the right to rule from God is known as ______________________What reduced the authority of the pope?Philip III of _______________ was a king with absolute power.