Presentation on theme: "Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Applying a HRBA to Monitoring the Implementation of the AfT: Review of Basic PrinciplesLucila Beato UNMIL/HRPSBuchanan, 15/11/2012This session explains:What is HRBAWhy a HRBA
2 1. What is Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA). 2 1. What is Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA)? 2. The HRBA in the Development Processes 3. Linking Rights with Results: Monitoring and EvaluationThis session explains:What is HRBAWhy a HRBA
3 What is HRBA? This session explains: What is HRBA to development programming
4 What is a Human Rights Based Approach? The development process is normatively based on international HR standards and principlesIt recognizes human beings as rights-holders and establishes obligations for duty-bearers.It focuses on discriminated and marginalized groupsIt aims for the progressive achievement of all human rightsIt gives equal importance to the outcome and process of developmentTip for presenter. This presentation comes after the group work on the HRBA which will have already dealt with a lot of content issues that are covered in the present session. While running the presentation, do refer to issues emerge and discussed in the groups work.
5 What is a human rights-based approach to development? Rhetorical repackaging?Political conditionality?Adding human rights activities?Tip for presenter. This presentation comes after the group work on the HRBA which will have already dealt with a lot of content issues that are covered in the present session. While running the presentation, do refer to issues emerge and discussed in the groups work.5
6 A HRBA helps the UN and partners to answer 4 critical questions: Who has been left behind and why?What are they entitled to? Who has to do something about it? What do they need, to take action?
7 Why a human rights-based approach? Intrinsic valuebased on universal valuesUniversal legal standards for a life with dignityInstrumental to intervention strategiesAddresses power inequalities and discriminationDeals with weaknesses in accountability systemsObjective framework to manage conflicts and seek redressInstitutional reasons (UN comparative advantage)Impartiality to deal with sensitive issuesHolistic analysis and integral responses to problems
8 What is a Human Rights-Based Approach? Conscious and systematic integration of human rights standards and human rights principles in all aspects of programming workA human rights-based approach entails consciously and systematically paying attention to human rights and rights principles in all aspects of programming work.
9 Step by Step to a HRBA Human Rights Principles 1. Situation Assessment and Analysis2. Planning and Design4. Monitoring and Evaluation3. Implementation
10 A HRBA… Emphasizes processes and outcomes Draws attention to marginalized populationsWorks towards equitable service deliveryExtends and deepens participationEnsures local ownership of development processesStrengthens accountability of all actors
11 The Human Rights Based Approach in the Development Process
12 All programmes of development co-operation should further the realization of human rights as laid down in the UDHR and other international human rights instrumentsGOALThe realization of human rights is the ultimate goal of all development programmesHRBA influences the identification of the strategic prioritiesProgramming is informed by the recommendations of International HR bodies and mechanisms
13 2) Human rights standards and principles guide all development cooperation and programming in all sectors and in all phases of the programming processPROCESSHuman Rights standards and principles improve the quality of outcomes and processesHuman rights standards delineate the ‘playing field’ in which development takes placeHR principles provide the “playing rules” for the development process.
14 …The integration of human rights principles and standards into all stages of the programming process…ASSESSMENT & ANALYSISMONITORING AND EVALUATIONPRIORITY SETTINGPROGRAMME PLANNINGAND DESIGNIMPLEMENTATION
15 Human Rights Standards The normative content of the right: the type of claims and corresponding obligations contained in a rightIn programming, the standards guide:…Identification of development challenges as human rights issues (assessment)…Analysis of roles and capacities of rights-holders and duty bearers…Definition of development objectives…Formulation of corresponding benchmarks and indicators15
16 Human Rights Principles Universality and inalienabilityIndivisibilityInterdependence and Inter-relatednessEquality and non-discriminationParticipation and inclusionAccountability and rule of law
17 Participation and empowerment: both a means and an end « The Government will promote farmer-based organization as representatives of farming communities and will ensure their role in local level planning. FBOs will play a key role in defining the kinds of services to be provided and will be the main mechanism for building the capacity of farmers » (Liberia PRS, p. 63).Empowerment↑↑Joint decision makingConsultationInformation sharing17
18 Focus on relation individuals-State (claims-obligations) 3) Development cooperation contributes to the development of the capacities of ‘duty-bearers’ to meet their obligations and/or of ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rightsOUTCOMEFocus on relation individuals-State (claims-obligations)Shifting development from service delivery as primary focus to building capacity to claim and fulfil human rightsStates require capacity to strengthen national protection systems and comply with their obligations
19 Rights-holders and Duty-bearers Right-holders:6,652,595,567 personsEvery individual, either a man woman or child, of any race, ethnic group or social conditionTo some extent groupsDuty-bearers:Much lessPrimarily StatesIn some cases individuals have specific obligationsIndividuals and private entities have generic responsibilities towards the community to respect the rights of others
21 Linking Rights with Results: Monitoring & Evaluation
22 Monitoring vs. Evaluation Systematic, ongoingDuring programme implementationTracking of activities and progressAccording to AWPFor short term corrective actionAccountability for implementationContributes to evaluationConducted by insidersAre we doing things right?Systematic, periodicDuring and after programme implementationJudgment of merit, value or worth of a programme/projectCompared to evaluation criteria (relevance, effectiveness, impact)For decision-making about future programmesAccountability for resultsFor office & organizational learningConducted by impartial outsidersDid we do the right things?
23 Measures of performance Monitoring = Are we doing things right Measures of performance Monitoring = Are we doing things right? Evaluation = Did we do the right things? Indicators = How do we know?
24 What is an indicator? A tool to measure: (i) evidence of progress towards a result or(ii) that a result has been achievedIndicators can be:(i) quantitative(ii) qualitative
25 HRBA to Monitoring & Evaluation Systems Based on claims and obligations in human rights standardsWhat to measure?Programme performance (Impact, Outcomes, Output)Programme process: Participation, accountability and non-discriminationProgramme context:existence of laws, policies and institutional mechanismsDuty-bearers’ efforts to meet their obligationsRight-holders’ disparities in enjoying rightsBased on human rights principles
26 HRBA to Monitoring & Evaluation How to measure?Identify the rights-holders and duty-bearers who will contribute to the M&E process either as:-Information providers, for example line ministries-Independent information interpreters, for example National Human Rights InstitutionsBring them together in a participatory processEnsure access to available information and data on the programme