Presentation on theme: "Breast Cancer in African American Women"— Presentation transcript:
1 Breast Cancer in African American Women By Peggy Kusi and Mercy Frimpong
2 What is breast Cancer?Cancer is the loss of ability of the body’s cells to regulate controlled and orderly growth.Breast Cancer is the formation of abnormal cells in the breast tissue.Normal(left)cancerous
3 Why is breast cancer a disparity? DisparitiesA health disparity is a health condition or disease that is higher for one group than the general population.African American women have higher mortality rate than other women of different races.In other words African American women die more from breast cancer.What is a disparity?Why is breast cancer a disparity?
4 Why is breast cancer a health disparity in African AMERICAN WOMEN? “Studies suggest that this disparity is due to African American women being diagnosed with breast cancer at a later stage, and receiving treatment later after diagnosis” (http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/healthdisparities/what_cdc_ is_doing/aamm.htm)Black women are more likely to die from this cancer more than other races.Breast cancer is mostly common in White women but African Americans tend to die more from it more.Black women have a 37% higher death rate than white women.The five-year survival rate for breast cancer is 90% in white women and only 77% for black women.
5 Risk factors and Symptoms Nipple dischargeBone painBreast pain and discomfortSkin ulcersSwelling of the arm with the side of the developing cancerWeight lossAgeWeightDiet and lifestyleMenstrual and ReproductiveFamily and personal history
6 Stages of Breast Cancer Size of tumorLymph nodes have cancerMetastasesIn situNoI<2cmIIA2 to 5cmPossibleIIB2 to 5 cm>5cmYesIIIA>5 cm but hasn’t reached the chest wallIIIB>5cm and may have reached the chest wall or skinIVAny size
10 Breast cancer INCIDENCE RATE The graph shows that White women have a higher screening percentage than Black, Asian, Hispanic.
11 Mortality Rate in African American women Female Breast Cancer Mortality Rates by Race and Ethnicity in Massachusetts:√√The graph shows the mortality rateIn African Americans/Black of female breast cancer.
13 Factors related to African American women and mortality rate Lack of medical coverageBarriers to early detection and screeningUnequal access to improvements in cancer treatment may contribute to the survival rate between African American women and White women.
14 Treatment Chemotherapy Radiation therapy Surgery to remove the tumor from the affected site
15 Prevention Eating a healthy diet Losing extra weight Regular exercise Reducing alcohol useQuitting smoking
16 Ways to decrease the disparity Increasing knowledge about breast cancer and mammography.Increasing awarenessIncreasing awareness of the low or no-cost mammogram services.Increasing the number of women who get a mammogram.
18 ConclusionIn conclusion African American women have a higher mortality rate than the general population mainly because of late prognosisWays to help the African American community is to educate to community about the awareness of breast cancer and the importance of examinations.