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# CONDITIONA L SENTENCES. FIRST CONDITIONAL  We use the first conditional to speak about a possible present or future situation and its results:  "If.

## Presentation on theme: "CONDITIONA L SENTENCES. FIRST CONDITIONAL  We use the first conditional to speak about a possible present or future situation and its results:  "If."— Presentation transcript:

CONDITIONA L SENTENCES

FIRST CONDITIONAL  We use the first conditional to speak about a possible present or future situation and its results:  "If you are getting bored, I´ll change the subject"  "If you keep on talking to me like that, I´m going to walk out of this room right now".  "If I have enough money next year, I´ll buy a new car"  “If the weather is better tomorrow, I might go for a walk on the beach"  “If I find a better job, I won´t be working here this time next year".  "If you leave now, you shouldn´t come back late"

FIRST CONDITIONAL

SECOND CONDITIONAL  We use the second conditional to talk hypothetical or improbable situations in the present or future:  "If she was earning more money, she would be able to have a holiday this summer"  "If I wasn´t working tomorrow, I would go out with my friends tonight".  "If the weather was better, I would certainly be feeling happier".  "If I won the lottery, I could give up work for ever”.

Second Conditional  With the verb TO BE you can say:  If I were the president, I’ d reduce the taxes. OR  If I was the president, I’ d reduce the taxes. This happens with the pronouns I, he, she, it. However when we give advice we say:  If I were you, I’ d be more careful.

SECOND CONDITIONAL

THIRD CONDITIONAL  We use the third conditional to speak about hypothetical situation in the past that can´t be changed now:  "If you had been concentrating, you wouldn´t have made those stupid mistakes".  "If she had known Joe better, she would have never married him".

Third Conditional

MIXED CONDITIONALS  If we want to refer to the present and the past in the same sentence we can mix tenses from two different types of conditionals:  I wouldn’t be in this mess if I had listen to your advice.  Jill would have left her husband by now if she didn’t still love him.

CONDITIONAL CONJUCTIONS:  UNLESS - It´s used instead of "if...not"  "Unless you help me, I won´t be able to do it” (If you don´t help me,...) Or it´s used instead of "except if..."  "I don´t know why she was angry, unless my comments had annoyed her"

CONDITIONAL CONJUCTIONS: IN CASE  "I´m going to leave early in case it takes a long time to get there"  “I took a sandwich in case I got hungry on the journey"  "In case you haven´t heard the news, I´ll tell you"

CONDITIONAL CONJUCTIONS: ON CONDITION THAT / AS LONG AS / PROVIDED (THAT) / PROVIDING (THAT) - Something must happen or be true for the other part of the sentence to happen or be true.  "As long as you leave before 3, you´ll catch the plane without problems"  "I´ll go back to work tomorrow provided / providing (that) I´m feeling better".  "He told me I could stay as long as I was quiet".

CONDITIONAL CONJUCTIONS: EVEN IF.../ WHETHER...OR NOT - To talk about a possibility that doesn´t affect what is stated in the other part of the sentence.  "Even if she apologizes, I won´t forgive her"  "Even if I had done what you suggested, I would be in the same position now"  "Whether we had studied or not, we would never have passed that exam; it was too difficult.

CONDITIONAL CONJUCTIONS: Compare:  "Even if we ran, we would miss the train” (We would miss the train whether we ran or not; it wouldn´t make any difference).  "Even though we ran, we missed the train" (We ran, but we missed the train anyway.)

CONDITIONAL CONJUCTIONS: IF I HAD KNOWN... / HAD I KNOWN...  "If I had known that Rose was working for this company, I would have never accepted the job."  “Had I known that Rose was working for this company, I would have never accepted the job."

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