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An introduction to children’s rights. Group activity.

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Presentation on theme: "An introduction to children’s rights. Group activity."— Presentation transcript:

1 An introduction to children’s rights

2 Group activity

3 agenda What are human rights? Why children’s rights? The UNCRC Children’s rights in Wales Children’s rights for education planning & policy officers Reflection and evaluation

4 Core Principles of Human Rights Universal Inalienable Indivisible Accountable

5 FREDA principles Fairness and freedom Respect Equality Dignity Autonomy

6 Why do children need separate rights? Maturity Voiceless and invisible Possessions

7 Wants, Needs and Rights Want - a desire for something Need - the state of requiring help, or of lacking basic necessities such as food Right - a moral or legal entitlement to have or do something

8 The 4 Components of a Right 1.The Rights Holder (a human being ) 2.The Object (the thing they have a right to) 3.The Obligated (people or institutions - “duty bearers”) 4.The Justification (greater human dignity, societal development, a peaceful society)

9 Body of Rights

10 The UNCRC 54 articles 41 substantive articles 3 domains

11 4 underpinning rights Article 2 - No discrimination Article 3 - Best interests of the child Article 6 - Right to life Article 12 - Right to be heard

12 National Children and Young People’s Participation Standards 1. Information- which is easy for children and young people to understand 2. It’s Your Choice – enough information and time to make an informed choice 3. No Discrimination - every young person has the same chance to participate. 4. Respect- Your opinion will be taken seriously 5. You get something out of it- You will enjoy the experience 6. Feedback- You will find out what difference your opinion has made 7. Improving how we work- Adults will ask you how they can improve how they work for the future

13 Implementing the right to education - an example GovernmentHas an obligation to find & allocate resources, define policy, achieve progress against targets Education institutions Have an obligation to train teachers, organise resources, create a child friendly environment TeachersHave an obligation to teach well, to encourage parents, to support all children ParentsShould support their children’s learning Children and young people Should respect other children in order to support their peers to exercise their rights

14 The reporting process Every 5 years Reports to the UN: –UK Government (inc section by Welsh Government) –NGO report –Young peoples report –Children’s Commisioners’ report (4 nations) Concluding observations Welsh Government action plan Monitoring group

15 Coffee break

16 UN Concluding Observations 2008 most relevant to education planning & policy officers 1 Welsh Government/UK government must 1.Make sure that the rights in the UNCRC are known and understood by adults and children 2.Make sure the principles and values of the UNCRC are central to everything that happens in schools 3.There must be training on the UNCRC for all adults working with children including teachers 4.Must ensure respect for children’s views in the family, school, communities and institutions 5.Make sure that physical punishment is clearly banned in schools 6.Set up ways to check how many cases of violence, sexual abuse, neglect, bad treatment or exploitation take place in schools 7.Make sure that teachers know about their duty to report and act on suspected cases of domestic violence affecting children

17 UN Concluding Observations 2008 most relevant to education planning & policy officers 2 Welsh Government/UK government must 8.Provide training for teachers who work with disabled children 9.Provide better sex and relationship services and education to teenagers, and make sure that sex education is taught in schools 10.Do more to make sure that children’s backgrounds (where they live, parents education, income) do not affect how well they do in school 11.Put more money into making sure that all children get a fully inclusive education 12.Make sure children who do not go to school get an excellent education 13.Only use permanent and temporary exclusion as a last resort

18 UN Concluding Observations 2008 most relevant to education planning & policy officers 3 Welsh Government/UK government must 14.Do more to reduce the number of children who are excluded from school 15.Make sure that social workers and psychologists are available in schools 16.Do more to stop bullying and violence in schools, including by using education about human rights and tolerance 17.Strengthen children’s patricipation in everything that affects them at school 18.Make sure children have the right to appeal against their exclusion 19.Make sure all children have the right to appeal to an SEN tribunal about the education and suport they receive

19 Children’s Rights legislation & policy in Wales 2004 Children Act – Welsh Government adopted UNCRC as basis for all policy for children Seven core aims – based on UNCRC National Action Plan – Getting it Right 2009 - addressing 16 priorities for Wales Children and Families (Wales) Measure - passed in 2010 Rights of Children and Young Persons (Wales) Measure - Ministers will have to pay due regard to the UNCRC in all decisions they take

20 Articles most relevant to education planning & policy officers 1 Article 12 – right to be heard Article 13 – freedom of expression Article 14 – governments should respect children’s rights to freedom of thought, conscience and religion Article 16 – right to privacy Article 17 – access to appropriate information Article 18 – both parents share responsibility for bringing up their children Article 19 – protection from abuse and neglect

21 Articles most relevant to education planning & policy officers 2 Article 23 – disabled children have the right to special care, education and training to enjoy a full life Article 28 – right to education Article 29 – education should develop the child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to the fullest extent Article 31 – right to leisure, play and cultural activities

22 Think of a child …

23 Putting learning into practice

24 Any final questions?

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