Presentation on theme: "Poetic Elements. Interchangeable Terms On the End of Course Assessment, be aware that the test could refer to poetic elements as any of the following."— Presentation transcript:
Interchangeable Terms On the End of Course Assessment, be aware that the test could refer to poetic elements as any of the following terms. They all refer to the poetic elements in these notes. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE POETIC DEVICES POETIC ELEMENTS POETIC LANGUANGE LITERARY DEVICES LITERARY ELEMENTS
What does a poem look like? Stanzas: two or more lines of poetry that cause a division in the poem. (These are like paragraphs in poetry.) Line breaks: a tiny pause. Doesn’t have to come at the end of a sentence, but wherever you want it. Breaking lines may also change the meaning. White space: a prominent pause that will also change the look of your poem.
What does a poem sound like? Rhyme scheme: the pattern of rhyming words within a poem. Exact: a perfect rhyme within the last part of the word. (snail and mail) Approximate: rhyming words that are close but not exact. (line and time) Alliteration: repetitions of a consonant sound at the start of the word— think tongue twisters! Consonance: repetition of a consonant sound within words "The dove moved above the waves.“ Assonance: repetition of a vowel sound within the middle of words "Twinkling twilight meets twice at the edge of night"( Long i) Onomatopoeia: a word or grouping of words that imitates sound. Come up with some of your own examples.
What language does a poem use? Metaphor: a relative comparison of two unlike things. Ex: The road was a ribbon stretching out before me. Simile: a direct comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as. Ex: His arms are strong as iron. Personification: giving human characteristics to an animal, an object, or an idea to show the subject in a completely new light. Ex: The tree fell with a creaking cry. Imagery: language that appeals to the senses. (see, taste, touch, hear, smell) Inversion: changing the usual order of words to make the reader stop, look, and listen. Ex: Yoda tells Obi Wan, “Strong enough you are not.” Vivid Verbs: words that fit the action perfectly
How do we analyze poetic elements? Theme: the central idea, message, or moral. Thematic statements must be a complete sentence that contains universal meaning. Avoid clichés and one word ideas. In more sophisticated writing, this lesson, message or moral will not be directly stated. Ambiguity: the quality of having more than one meaning. This can be found in song lyrics, poetry, and many writing samples that use figurative language. The meaning that you find and the meaning that I find do not have to be the same, as long as it can be explained with proof from the text.
How do we analyze poetic elements? Symbolism is the use of any object, person, place or action that has meaning in and of itself, but also stands for or means something deeper (usually representative of an attitude, belief, value or quality) A Motif is a pattern of imagery or symbolism in a work of literature. It’s something that you should notice keeps showing up in the text—a repetitive word, image, phrase, etc—and you begin to recognize it’s important.