all about the PRESENT SIMPLE rules tables exercises
In general, we add -S in the third person (he/she/it).
affirmative We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO). In general, we add -S in the third person (he/she/it). Verb TO DRINK I drink You drink He drinks She drinks It drinks We drink They drink Verb TO LISTEN I listen You listen He listens She listens It listens We listen They listen Verb TO WORK I work You work He works She works It works We work They work
affirmative I go You go He goes She goes It goes We go They go I wash
For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person. Verb TO GO I go You go He goes She goes It goes We go They go Verb TO WASH I wash You wash He washes She washes It washes We wash They wash Verb TO KISS I kiss You kiss He kisses She kisses It kisses We kiss They kiss
affirmative stud study studies plays play I study You study He studies
For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES. NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S. Verb TO STUDY I study You study He studies She studies It studies We study They study Verb TO PLAY I play You play He plays She plays It plays We play They play stud study studies but notice: plays play
Think before you click: I ________ (go) to work by car. Fred ________ (go) to work by bus. She ________ (like) chicken. They ________ (get up) at half past seven. Jim ________ (brush) his teeth after breakfast. You ________ (study) in the evening, but Kate ________ (study) at 6.30pm. The boys ________ (play) football in the playground. David ________ (work) on Saturdays. We ________ (have) lunch in the school canteen. Mr. Adams ________ (go) to bed at quarter to eleven. go goes likes get up brushes study studies play works have goes
To make a negative sentence we need the auxiliary do(es) + not + verb.
We normally use the contractions don't (do + not) and doesn't (does + not). Verb TO WORK I don’t work You don’t work He doesn’t work She doesn’t work It doesn’t work We don’t work They don’t work Verb TO GO I don’t go You don’t go He doesn’t go She doesn’t go It doesn’t go We don’t go They don’t go Verb TO STUDY I don’t study You don’t study He doesn’t study She doesn’t study It doesn’t study We don’t study They don’t study
negative I work in an office. I don’t work in an office.
Watch out for the differences between the affirmative and the negative sentences. affirmative negative I work in an office. I don’t work in an office. You wake up at You don’t wake up at 7.00. He listens to music at night. He doesn’t listen to music at night. She goes to school on foot. She doesn’t go to school on foot. It likes milk It doesn’t like milk. We study in the afternoon We don’t study in the afternoon. You eat apples at lunch. You don’t eat apples at lunch. They have dinner at home. They don’t have dinner at home. As you can see, in the third person (he/she/it), in the negative form, the -s disappears from the verb and goes to the auxiliary: does. aff. He visits his uncle on Saturday. neg. He doesn’t visit his uncle on Saturday. aff. He visits his uncle on Saturday. neg. He doesn’t visit his uncle on Saturday.
affirmative & negative exercises
Think before you click: 1. I ________ (go) to school by bus. Blenda ____________ (go) to school by car. She ________ (go) to school by car. Her father ________ (drive) her to school. 2. They ____________ (work) in a supermarket. They ________ (work) in a shopping. 3. You ________ (like) cherries but you ____________ (like) apples. John ____________ (like) pears but he ________ (like) apples. 4. I usually ________ (take) a shower in the morning. My mother sometimes ________ (take) it in the evening. 5. I ____________ (have) lunch in the restaurant. I ________ (have) lunch in the canteen. My sister ________ (have) lunch at home. 6. We ____________ (study) at school. We ________ (study) at home. I ________ (study) in my bedroom. Lisa ____________ (study) in the bedroom. She ________ (study) and ________ (do) her homework in the living-room. go doesn’t go goes drives don’t work work like don’t like doesn’t like likes take takes don’t have have has don’t study study study doesn’t study studies does
To make a question we use the auxiliary do(es) + subject + verb.
interrogative To make a question we use the auxiliary do(es) + subject + verb. Verb TO WASH Do I wash …? Do you wash …? Does he wash …? Does she wash …? Does it wash …? Do we wash …? Do they wash …? Verb TO READ Do I read …? Do you read …? Does he read …? Does she read …? Does it read …? Do we read …? Do they read …? Verb TO HELP Do I help …? Do you help …? Does he help …? Does she help …? Does it help …? Do we help …? Do they help …?
interrogative In questions beginning with do/does we usually give short answers using those words. Here are some examples: Do you get dressed before breakfast? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Do they have breakfast at eight? Yes, they do. No, they don’t. Does he help his sister? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. Does Helen go to bed late? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t. Do the boys study a lot? Yes, they do. No, they don’t. Does Susan’s father work in London? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. Do her friends play football? Yes, they do. No, they don’t.
Think before you click: 1. _______ you _______ (wake up) before seven o’clock? No, I ________. 2. _______ she _______ (have) a bath in the evening? Yes, she ________. 3. _______ Sofia’s cousins _______ (live) in Lisboa? Yes, they ________. 4. _______ your grandmother _______ (help) you with the homework? No, she ________. Do wake up don’t Does have does Do live do Does help doesn’t Fill in all the blanks: 1. _______ Ann and Kate _______ (watch) TV before dinner? No, ______ ________. 2. _______ John _______ (do) his homework? Yes, ______ ________. 3. _______ John’s parents _______ (get up) early? _____, ______ do. 4. _______ Jane’s brother _______ (set) the table? _____, ______ doesn’t. Do watch they don’t Does do he does Do get up yes they Does set No he
affirmative negative interrogative exercises
Think before you click: 1. I ________ (comb) my hair every day. _______ you ________ (brush) your teeth? Yes, I _______. But I ____________ (comb) my hair every day. 2. Cindy ____________ (go) to bed after dinner. She usually ________ (go) to bed at What time _______ you ________ (go) to bed? 3. My father sometimes ________ (play) chess with me. He ____________ (like) playing cards. _______ your father ________ (play) cards? Yes, he _______. 4. My parents ____________ (have) breakfast at home. They ________ (drink) a coffee at work. My sister ________ (have) cereals for brekfast. 5. He ________ (study) a lot for the tests. _______ Amy usually ________ (study)? No, she _______. 6. Where _______ Kevin ________ (watch) TV? He ________ (watch) TV in the kitchen. 7. We often ________ (ride) our bikes in the park, but we ____________ (play) football. comb Do brush do don’t comb doesn’t go goes do go plays doesn’t like Does play does don’t have drink has studies Does study doesn’t does watch watches ride don’t play
Remember that we use the present tense:
1. For repeated or regular actions in the present time period. I go to school by bus. John has dinner at home. 2. For habits/routines. I usually get up early. Susan always brushes her teeth twice a day. They take a shower before dinner. 3. For facts. A cat has four legs. 4. For things that are always/generally true. It rains a lot in winter.
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