Citation Technology Solutions Citation management programs that support hundreds of styles (EndNote, RefWorks, Mendeley, Zotero). Simpler, web-based citation tools that typically support a few styles (BibMe, StyleWizard, KnightSite, EasyBib, NoodleTools). Database citation formatting features. Many research databases allow users to export formatted citations (EBSCO, ProQuest, LexisNexis).
Mobile Technology Wireless technology is in our libraries. There’s an app for everything, why not citations? Are they any good? Can we make recommendations?
Citation Apps Format citations on the fly, using the device’s camera, speech-to-text or manual input. Some work with a website to generate bibliographies. May support a variety of citation formats or may be for a single format. Many are currently limited to books. Most require you to email the citations once you’ve created them.
The Challenges So many devices, so little time and money Thank you to SUNYLA for supporting our research Different operating systems, Android, iOS, BlackBerry, Windows Phone, etc. Difficulty finding apps on iTunes, Google Play, Amazon Appstore Variety of citation styles
Smartphone OS Market Share Forecasts Smartphone OS2013 Market Share2017 Market Share Android75.3%68.3% iOS16.9%17.9% Windows Phone3.9%10.2% Blackberry OS2.7%1.7% Other1.2%1.9% Total Telecom+, Oct2013
The Devices NameTypeOperating System iPad 2 TabletiOS iPhone 5 PhoneiOS LG Optimus Elite PhoneAndroid 2.3.7 Samsung Galaxy TabletAndroid 4.1.1 Nexus TabletAndroid 4.4.2 The Devices
The Apps, Styles and Devices AppCostStylesDevices Citations2go $1.99 Pro version APAGalaxy, Nexus, Optimus CiteThis Free APA, MLA Galaxy, Nexus, Optimus Easybib Free APA, MLA iPad, iPhone, Galaxy, Nexus i-Cite Free APAiPad, iPhone Optimus iSource $4.99 each version APA, MLA iPad, iPhone QuickCiteit $1.03 Android, $0.99 iOS APA, MLA iPhone, Optimus
Methodology Selected 5 books Entered data by preferred method: Barcode scanning ISBN searching Manual entry, text-to-speech if possible Collected citations in APA and MLA where possible Analyzed errors
Citations2go Books, websites, articles, AV APA only, free version did not work well Can scan barcode or enter ISBN to search for books No iOS version
Optimus phone, scanned barcode. Citation generated without checking Publisher is Author box: Neesley, C. (2009). Tasteofhome cookies.. Greendale: Taste of Home Books With checking Publisher is Author box: Home, T.O. (2009). Tasteofhome cookies.. Greendale: Taste of Home Books
CiteThis Scanner worked on Optimus phone, but not on Nexus or Galaxy tablets One specific citation would cause the app to crash on all devices, whether scanned or ISBN searched Only worked for 10 digit ISBNs Manual input provided no tips for correct entry Can switch styles once citations created, but it won’t correct for the differences in capitalization, etc.
CiteThis Initial screen offers article search (author surname or article title) Never retrieved searched articles
iCite APA only Books, websites, journal articles, media, many source types WorldCat searching, formatting, and emailing all problematic
iSource Separate apps for each style Many source types Additional “resource packs” available as in- app purchases to cover less common source types No scanning, no searching, manual entry only In-text citations No guidance for data entry We want our money back!
QuickCiteIt iPhone and Optimus, APA and MLA Only mode of entry is scanning Scan repeatedly before the book was located Instantaneous emailing of citation from the app
They said they were sorry, what more do you want?
QuickCiteIt (2002). Creditor Reporting System on Aid Activities Aid Activities Targeting the Objectives of the Rio Conventions 1998/2000 Volume 2002 Issue 1. OECD Publishing.
EasyBib Website(easybib.com) Web service that provides citation, note taking, and research tools that are easy-to-use and educational. Free accounts are limited to MLA 7. Can generate citations and store bibliographies for 59 types of sources. Looks up books by ISBN, title, etc., and journal articles by title, doi. MyBibPro (paid version) does APA & Chicago, formats in-text citations and allows citation downloads from research databases. ($20/yr)
EasyBib App Available for iPhone/iPad or Android devices Scan, Search Title Free Formats book citations in MLA, APA, Chicago Interactive with EasyBib website
Add, delete citations Change styles on the fly Email all selected citations at once
E-mailed APA citations Tasteofhome cookies. (2009). Greendale, WI: Taste of Home Books. Save to EasyBibSave to EasyBib Baifang. (1994). Chinese brain twisters: Fast, fun puzzles that help children develop quick minds. New York: Wiley & Sons. Save to EasyBibSave to EasyBib Kean, S. (2010). The disappearing spoon: And other true tales of madness, love, and the history of the world from the periodic table of the elements. New York: Little, Brown and. Save to EasyBibSave to EasyBib Kidder, T. (2004). Mountains beyond mountains. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks. Save to EasyBibSave to EasyBib EasyBib is the most popular bibliography composing service on the Web. We have provided your bibliography below. Check EasyBib out at www.easybib.com, and please tell your friends! www.easybib.com Sent from my iPad
Results – Errors by category Category of errorNumber of errors% of total errors Capitalization4110.3% Date20.5% Italics/Underlining7919.8% Name5413.6% Publisher10125.4% Punctuation369.0% Syntax8421.1% Defies categorization 10.3% Total398100%
Results- Errors per style StyleErrorsErrors per citation APA2493.1 MLA1492.7 Total3982.9
Conclusion All had problems, none work perfectly You don’t get what you pay for Easybib best, would recommend We think there is great potential for these to be improved: Accuracy Scanning and automatic entry of journal articles and websites Updating our guide to citation generators – http://libguides.library.albany.edu/citationge nerators http://libguides.library.albany.edu/citationge nerators