Presentation on theme: "Counter Urbanisation. Name and explain problems faced by developing world cities Name and explain problems faced by developing world cities Explain the."— Presentation transcript:
Name and explain problems faced by developing world cities Name and explain problems faced by developing world cities Explain the term: counter-urbanisation Explain the term: counter-urbanisation Sustainability Sustainability Other issues facing cities Other issues facing cities
Urbanisation: Is the expansion of urban areas into previous rural areas. It is the growth in size and numbers of cities and towns around the world. Counter-Urbanisation: Moving from the city back to the countryside. A change in lifestyle from city- based settlement to a rural landscape.
Cities with 10 million plus. By 2015 there will be at least 28 mega-cities in the world.
Problems of urban growth in developing world cities Urbanisation in developing countries is more of a problem than a sign of development. It shows rural problems as the people are moving to the city areas. Why? Remember Sudan?? (Khartoum city) The people who cannot afford to live or survive in the dry conditions of the countryside move to the city in desperate search for food/work/shelter etc.
Rapid urban growth causes the following problems in developing world cities: Growth of shanty towns Unemployment Lack of services/infrastructure Pollution (water, waste etc)
The main reasons for counter-urbanisation are: People move out of cities due to environmental/social problems House prices are too high in city areas The increase of out-of-town retail parks Improved transport links Improved communication technology in rural areas Change of lifestyle and pace of life.
House prices increase in villages as the demand for housing increases Shops and services grow, new businesses open due to the demand increasing Commuters cause traffic congestion as residents still work in the urban areas Loss of community spirit as people have less and less time or identity with the rural area.
Sustainable living ensures that resources are not overused or misused and plans are in place to protect the planet now and in the future. The ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT is the ‘mark’ left on the landscape by the people of an area or country. It is calculated by examining the amount of resources we use and our daily activities in relation to the resources available on the earth.