Presentation on theme: "INTRODUCTION H1N1 Swine Flu Is Influenza like Illness caused by Virus [H1N1] Was reported from Mexico in 2009 & it had spread to United States and other."— Presentation transcript:
2 INTRODUCTION H1N1Swine Flu Is Influenza like Illness caused by Virus [H1N1]Was reported from Mexico in 2009 & it had spread to United States and other continents.Most people recover without need for hospitalization
3 WHAT HAPPENS ?Patient has acute respiratory illness with fever ≥ 38* CIllness Starts Within 7 days of contact with diagnosed Swine Flu personDiagnosis is confirmed by Government approved laboratories by special test
4 COMMUNICABILITY 1 day to 7 days after the onset of symptoms. Illness persist for > 7 days, communicability persist till resolution of illness.Children may spread the virus for a longer period.
5 SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Symptoms are similar to seasonal flu. Fever Cough Sore throatRunny or stuffy noseBody achesInfluenza primarily infects the respiratory tract (nose, throat, and lungs). The disease can cause severe illness and lead to life-threatening complications, such as pneumonia, in many people.
6 SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS Headache Chills Fatigue Vomiting & diarrhea reported in 25% cases
7 HOW DOES SWINE FLU SPREAD? Primarily through respiratory dropletsCoughingSneezingTouching droplets or touching object which has virus & then touching mouth, nose, eyes without washing hands
8 EMERGENCY WARNING SIGNS IN CHILDREN Fast breathing or trouble breathingBluish or gray skinNot drinking enough fluidsSevere or persistent vomitingNot waking up / interactingIrritableSymptoms improve then return with fever &worse coughIf a child gets sick and experiences any of these warning signs, seek emergency medical care.
9 SWINE FLU - CATEGORY- AMild fever / cough / sore throat / with or withoutbody ache, headache, diarrhoea and vomiting2.Treat, Monitor progress3.Reassess at 24 to 48 hours.4.Confine at home and avoid mixing up with peopleWhat To Do :Do not require Oseltamivir ( tamiflu ) or testing for H1N1.
10 SWINE FLU- CATEGORY-BMild fever / cough / sore throat / with or without body ache, headache, diarrhoea and vomitingChildren / Pregnant women / Persons > 65 yearsPatients with lung / heart / liver / kidney diseases, diabetes, cancer and HIVWhat To Do :To confine at home and avoid mixing with peopleShall be treated with Oseltamivir ( tamiflu )No tests for H1N1 is required
11 SWINE FLU - CATEGORY-CCategory-A and B, with 1.Breathlessness, chest pain, drowsiness, fall in BP, sputum mixed with blood, bluish discolouration of nails 2.Children with Sleepiness, high & persistent fever, not feeding, convulsions, shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing etc. 3.Worsening of underlying chronic conditions. What To Do : Require testing, immediate hospitalization & treatment.
12 PREVENTIVE MEDICATION Only on Medical Advise ToAll close contacts of confirmed cases.Oseltamivir ( tamiflu ) is the drug of choice.
13 PREVENT SWINE FLU – SPREAD AWARENESS Let Us All Work Together To Reduce Transmission And Illness Severity & To Provide Information To Maximum People
14 PREVENT SWINE FLU Hand hygiene Wash hands often with soap and water Use an alcohol based hand gel.Cough etiquetteCover mouth and nose with a handkerchief/tissue when you cough or sneeze.Wear maskFacemasks
15 PREVENT SWINE FLU DO NOT: Shake hands or hug in greeting Spit in publicTake medicines without consulting a physician
16 PREVENT SWINE FLU Avoid touching eyes, nose or mouth. Avoid crowded placesStay more than an arm's length from persons afflicted with fluGargle With Warm Water with Salt Twice a Day
17 PREVENT SWINE FLU IMPROVE YOUR IMMUNITY Get plenty of sleepDrink plenty of waterEat nutritious foodHave More Vitamin C Rich Food,( Amla, Lemon, Tomatoes Etc. )
18 PREVENT SWINE FLU IMPROVE YOUR IMMUNITY Be Physically Active( Exercises, Walking, Yoga, Etc. )2.Drink Plenty Of Hot Fluids( Soups, Ginger- Lemon Water, Tea– Coffee, Green Tea, Milk Etc. )