Presentation on theme: "Social exclusion of homeless people in Hungary"— Presentation transcript:
1 Social exclusion of homeless people in Hungary Tímea PotvorszkiFerenc KvaszniczaBálint Tétényi
2 History of homelessness in Hungary Homelessness was recognized as a social problem around the age of system change.Increase in the number of homeless people was due to:Increase in housing expensesElimination of dangerous of work avoidanceShutting down many accommodations of skilles workersSociological factors: poverty, unemployment, alcoholism, drugs
3 Statistical data of homeless people in Hungary Those who were willing to give answers on febr 3rd 2011PlaceAccomodationStreetTotalBudapest213711503287Countryside219217203912432928707199No. of homeless people on the streets febrCity2008200920102011Budapest1189136012521150Countryside137618161720Total2565286230682870
4 Average age of homeless people is between 38-44 Sociological characteristics of homeless peopleGroups of homeless pepleAverage age of homeless people is between 38-4475% of homelss people is between the ages of 30-60People who are over 60 years old ale representing 25% og the overall Hungarian societyIn the past 10 years the number of homeless people doubled and they are now 25% of the whole homeless societyHomeless people are more educated than the average peopleTermination of state educationPeople in bad mental conditionsLong lasting group of homeless people who are on the street for more than 10 yearsAddicted (to drugs, gambling)After a divorceBecause of the death of main earner
5 The structure and institutions of the social system in Hungary Basic social services:Catering, Home help providing, helping families, community-based services, helping addicts, psychiatric patents low-threshold services, support service, signalling homecare, day care (elderly handicapped people, addics, homeless), street social work.Welfare institutions:In case of welfare institutions they can provide nursing care, rehabilitation, residential or temporary placement services either for disabled people, or for addicts, or for retired people or for homeless peoplePROBLEMS WITH THE CURRENT SOCIAL SYSTEM
6 Government role in preventing homeless people exclusion Government decree to develop a Medium Term Action Plan with the aim of reducing the number of homeless people living in the streets, strengthening the safety of housing, preventing the homelessness and developing the supply system of the homeless people.To support the housing of homeless people and expand their institutional care,.Treatment of permanently sick homeless peopleDevelopment of professional recommendationDeveloping free accommodation in the nodesImplementing investments in public areas and develop resting placesEstablishing consultative body with aim of handling the homelessnessConsidering the causes of housing for homeless and to promote employmentEstablishing a team to consider the economic and legal conditions concerning homeless people situation
7 BMSZKIThe BMSZKI is the biggest organization in the capital of Hungary, in Budapest and in the Middle-Europe region still the one of the largest organizations. The BMSZKI pays attention to the consequences and the statistics what can be found on their webpage like a document about the last years related to the homeless people in Hungary, and analizing the causes of being out on the street.
8 BMSZKI program Győri Péter’s ‘Opening to the street’ program (2007) Elements:PreventionIntegration – EQUAL ProgramOpen servicesVandorut (Fregolization)Deliverence of the casesFalimilar facesFETExtended streetInstead of warming rather a centreAccess hostel
9 The Hungarian Maltese Charity Service The Hungarian Maltese Charity is making its activities int he Karpatian Basin in Hungary. Its 20 years long past have created solutions for problems int he social and health care sphere, these are recognised part of the entire system. In the Humanitarian field they collected several experiences with Romanian and Yugoslavian aid projects. Their task is to give their experiences to those who are in the need. They have foreigner friends from whom they get help, especially in the first years.This leads them to participate in international activities, however this is not their main task.
10 Programs of the Hungarian Maltese Charity Service Laundry – 2007The Happy Street Boys – 2010Patrons of Miklos street – 2010Table tennis competition for the homeless people in Komárom – 2010Religious journals and saplings donated in Gyula – 2010Bikes are collected in Szeged – 2010Dinner for homeless people – 2011Where to ‘put’ the homeless people? – 2011Miskolc – 2012Winter shelter on the bus station – 201240 tons of cover – 2012