Presentation on theme: "Tape in Your Warm up and Complete"— Presentation transcript:
1 Tape in Your Warm up and Complete 10/18/11Justify Your Answer Choice:II- PRACTICE: Prelab NotesIII- APPLICATIONIV –CONNECTIONS:V -EXIT: 3-5 Summary Sentences9/29/30I -STARTER: Warm upIII- APPLICATIONTape in Your Warm up and CompleteJustify Your Answer Choice:IV –CONNECTIONS:about elements.Put Safety Contract on page 12. Syllabus on pg Set up your first “notes” pages on page 14 and 15. This is the beginning of a great journal!
2 I: Starter Turn to your next blank page and write the date at the top. Tape your warm up directly underneath and complete!Justify you r answer out to the side of your warm up.
3 ? Water or Not??? II: Practice Please take notes in this section to prepare for the lab we will be completing in today’s application section.?
5 What is a element? Pure substance that can not be chemically broken down What is a compound? 2 or more atoms chemically combined that cannot be physically pulled apart Are Elements found on the Periodic Table? Yes Are Compounds found on the Periodic Table? No.
6 What is a physical change? Rearranges molecules but doesn’t affect their internal structures. Some examples:Whipping egg whites – air is forced into the fluid, but no new substance is produced!Sugar dissolving in water – sugar molecules are spread within the water, but the individual sugar molecules are unchangedBoiling water –water molecules are forced away from each other when the liquid changes to vapor, but molecules are still H2ODicing potatoes – cutting usually separates molecules without changing them.
7 What is a chemical change? Any change that results in the formation of new chemical substances. Atthe molecular level, chemical change involves the making or breaking ofbonds between atoms. These changes are chemical:Iron rusting – Iron oxide forms through the reaction of iron and oxygen in the presence of water or air moisture.Gasoline burning – when gasoline is burned in car engines, water vapor and carbon dioxide form.Bread rising – Yeast changes carbohydrates into carbon dioxide gas.Milk souring – When bacteria use the lactose sugars in milk they change the sugar and sour-tasting lactic acid is produced.
8 SIGNS OF CHEMICAL CHANGE (How can you tell?) Gas Formation – a gas is formed & released as the reaction is completing (NOT the same as boiling)Solid formation (precipitate) – a solid “rains down” to the bottom of the container, may be suspended in a cloudy solutionTemperature Change – It takes energy to break chemical bonds. Energy is released (heat) OR energy is absorbed (cold).Color Change – Not the same as mixing colors.Light is given offChange in smell (or taste)
9 Last week we looked at 2 liquids that appeared to be identical: H2OH2O2Hydrogen peroxidewater
10 What do we know about these 2 compounds so far? WaterIt’s chemical formula is H2OIt is drinkable.May be used to clean wounds.What happens when water is put on a wound?
11 Hydrogen Peroxide It’s chemical formula is H2O2 In its pure form could be fatal swallowed!!Antiseptic that is an effective way to clean wounds.What happens when Hydrogen Peroxide is put on a cut?It causes bubblesWhat are these bubbles a sign of?A Chemical Reaction
12 Details of how Hydrogen Peroxide works Hydrogen Peroxide is 3% H2O2 and 97% waterBlood cells contain an enzyme called catalaseWhen you get a cut or scrape both blood and damaged cells release catalase
13 Details of how Hydrogen Peroxide works When H2O2 comes into contact with catalase a chemical reaction occurs2H2O2 + catalase H2O + O2The reaction causes the peroxide to turn into pure oxygenBubbles are the release of the extra oxygen gas
14 Water or Not??? III: Application For today’s application we are going to be working in groups to figure outWater or Not???Your group will receive 2 cups of clear liquidWe CAN NOT test on humans in this class!No drinking the liquidsNo putting the liquids on any body parts
15 So how can we test to see if the liquids are H2O or H2O2 ??? With a potato
16 III: ApplicationDraw the set up that has been passed out to each group showing both cups of liquidGently place one slice of potato into cup AObserve and draw/label reactionRepeat for cup BYou should label as appropriate in each picture:PotatoHydrogen PeroxideWaterOxygen Bubbles
17 Clean UpWhen done carefully remove potato slice with plastic spoon, place in paper towel, and dispose in trash.Return cups with remaining liquid and supplies as provided to you at beginning of experiment.
18 IV: Connections V: Exit Describe why it is important to clean cuts with hydrogen peroxide a couple of times a day for several days after injury?V: ExitSummarize what you have learned during this lesson. (3-4 sentences, please!)