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1 The role of Reflective Practice in CPD

2 Aims & Outcomes clarify what is meant by reflection identify & discuss strategies & techniques of reflective practice recognise how this leads to evidence of impact

3 Continuing professional development means maintaining, improving and broadening relevant knowledge and skills in your subject specialism and your teaching so that it has a positive impact on practice and learner experience (IfL CPD guidelines) Definition of CPD

4 CPD that counts Any activity undertaken for the purposes of updating knowledge of the subject taught and developing teaching/training skills….. have you reflected on your learning from this activity? has it made a difference to your practice? has there been an impact on learners and others? If so, you can count this towards your CPD and include it as evidence in your CPD record

5 Common-sense views of reflection links between reflection and learning usually for a purpose but can occur spontaneously & sometimes be linked with intuition complicated mental processing for which there is no obvious solution being reflective suggests a certain distance – well considered – something which enables the taking of a critical stance in its most advanced stages, reflection may make links with moral judgement and the ability to acknowledge there is ‘no right answer’ / ability of coping with uncertain knowledge

6 Common-sense views of reflection (cont) King and Kitchener (1993, cited in Moon, 2000: 6) distinguish between reflective thinking and critical thinking where the latter is linked with problem-solving and working towards a solution while in reflective thinking there is an added dimension of being able to cope with uncertainty reflection is about questioning the given – to bring about clarity in unclear situations a difficult process, especially when it supports changes in behaviour and it is something that needs to be taught often linked with criteria associated with wisdom

7 How is reflection linked with professionalism? unconscious incompetence - not knowing what you don’t know conscious incompetence - recognising the gap in your knowledge conscious competence – being able to do things that you couldn’t do before, but needing to think these things through carefully unconscious competence - being able to do something skilfully without having to consider everything closely

8 A definition of professionalism “It is because professionals face complex and unpredictable situations that they need a specialised body of knowledge; if they are to apply that knowledge, … they need autonomy to make their own judgements. Given that autonomy, it is essential that they act with responsibility; collectively they need to develop appropriate professional values” Furlong et al (2000 : 5) cited by Jocelyn Robson in ‘Teacher Professionalism in Further and Higher Education’, (2006 : 11)

9 autonomy conflict between unpredictable nature of the context & centralisation of control eg BIS, Ofsted professional knowledge –subject specialist knowledge –pedagogic knowledge responsibility –accountability –professional values What constitutes good professional standing?

10 Models and theories to support reflection Critical incident analysis (Flanagan, 1954) DATA Process (Peters, 1994) Critical lenses (Brookfield, 1995) Hitching J (2008) Professional Development in the Lifelong Learning Sector Maintaining Your Licence to Practise, Learning Matters

11 Critical incident analysis (Flanagan, 1954) Posing questions & answering them from the point of view of another, for example: What emotions did I feel in that situation How did I want or need others to behave? What did their actual behaviour signal to me? What were my main worries and concerns about the situation? What might have been the best course of action to take to protect or help myself?

12 DATA process (Peters, 1994) Describe the issue or practice problem Analyse what has been described in order to uncover any assumptions that are being made about the incident or the choices available to solve it Theorise potential solutions Act on the best potential solution to emerge from the process

13 Critical lenses (Brookfield, 1995) Reflect on specific events from different perspectives from your own perspective as viewed by your colleagues from the perspective of your learners from the perspective of theoretical literature

14 Impact !? evidence of outcome/s professional dialogue / peer review, including coaching, mentoring, shadowing and peer support improved practice positive learner experience enhanced professional reputation, pride & status reflective cycle begins again!

15 Sue Colquhoun CPD Strategic Adviser

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