3 La Península Ibérica The Iberian Peninsula: ● Spain and Portugal are the only 2 countries that occupy the Iberian Peninsula.● Spain is the largest country to occupy the Iberian Peninsula.● Rock of Gibraltar only part of land in Spain that does not belong to Spain.● Spain is only 7.3 miles from Morocco in North Africa.
4 Un poco de historia de España • The Basques are believed to be theearliest inhabitants pre-Iberian times• Earliest known inhabitants were 1st theIberians and then the Celts overseveral thousand years• Romans called the PeninsulaHispania• Romans controlled Hispania from206B.C. – 476A.D. (approx. 682 yrs.)
5 • Moors invaded and controlled Hispania from 711 – 1492 (approx • Moors invaded and controlled Hispania from 711 – 1492 (approx years) • Moors controlled all of known Spain except the region (Kingdom) of Asturias • In 1492, Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castille completed the Reconquista (Reconquest) of Spain from the Moors. • The Moors were incredibly tolerant towards Christians and Jews. • The Moors ushered in a golden age of learning. • The Moors left their mark on everything in Spain but especially in the architecture, music, dance and food which is still very alive today.Moorish Spain
10 Un poco de historia másIsabella and Ferdinand’s Reconquest of Spain allowed them to finance Crístobal Colón’s “discovery”and conquest of the New World for SpainSpanish Armada defeated by the English at the Battle of the English Channel.Marked the end of Spain as both a sea and world power.Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Spain’s greatest literary figure, wrote Part 1 of Don Quixote de la ManchaMiguel de Cervantes Saavedra wrote Part 2 of Don Quixote de la ManchaSpain declares war on Great Britain in the Seven Years’ War. This resulted in Spain’s loss of Florida buttheir gain of the French Louisiana west of the Mississippi and the return of Cuba and the Philippines byGreat Britain.Spain supports the United States in the American Revolutionary War.Spain remains neutral during World War I.1936 – Spanish Civil War resulted in:1931 — Abdication of King Alfonso XIII1936 – — Dictatorship of General Francisco FrancoCost an estimated 500,000 deathsSpain remained neutral during World War IIDeath of General Francisco FrancoFranco named as his successor before his death, Juan Carlos I de Borbon y Borbon, grandsonof the abdicated King Alfonso XIII whom he had helped to overthrow.1975 – Present Juan Carlos I de Borbon y Borbon is King of SpainSpain has quietly become a constitutional monarchy with a king and a prime minister,or Presidente del Gobierno (President of the Government), José Luís Rodríguez Zapatero.
11 España de hoyRetiro ParquePlaza de CibelesPalacio Real
13 The City of Science and Arts, Valencia, España L’Oceanografic – 500 different marine species habitatPalua de les Arts Reina Sofia – theatre, dance, opera, musicalsL’Hemisféric – Laserium, Planetarium, & IMAX CinemaMuseo de las Ciencias Principe Felipe – hands-on science experience