1 CA 2012 ELD Standards Appendix B Learning About How English WorksSession 4Today we will be reading Appendix B to learn about Part II of the CA ELD Standards, Learning about how English worksESC North11/19/14
2 ELD Transition Sessions Session 1: ELD Standards IntroductionShifts, Layout, & DevelopmentSession 2: Proficiency LevelsSession 3: Appendix CTheory that Informs LayoutSession 4: Appendix BLearning About How English WorksSlide 3: (1 minute)Why/purpose: make the participants aware that this is the third of the four sessions.How: Give participants a few seconds to read over the slide to see flow of the four sessions
3 Phase-In Plan for 2012 ELD Standards TransitionImplementation
4 Objective Develop an understanding of Appendix B: CA ELD Standards Part II: Learning About How English WorksRead objective.
5 District Instructional Priorities Common Core(The What)Master Plan(The Who)This visual shows how our district’s three initiatives are woven together in our work in servicing our English Learners. The Common Core State Standards signify “What” we teach, while the Master Plan signifies “Who” we teach (English Learners), and The Teaching and Learning Framework speaks to “How” we teach in LAUSD.TGDC Teaching &LearningFramework(The How)
6 The arrows point to the highlighted focus elements that apply to the work we will engage in today *
7 Guiding PrinciplesEnglish Learners (ELs) are held to the same high expectations of learning established for all students.ELs develop full receptive and productive proficiencies in English in the domains of listening, speaking, reading & writing.ELs are taught challenging academic content that enables them to meet performance standards in all content areas.ELs receive instruction that builds on their previous education and cognitive abilities and that reflects their language proficiency levels.ELs are evaluated with appropriate and valid assessments that are aligned to state and local standards and that take into account the language development stages & cultural backgrounds of the students.The academic success of ELs is a responsibility shared by all educators, the family and the community.During this presentation the focus is on guiding principles 3 and 4.English Learner Master Plan, 2012Pages 2-3*
8 What must students be able to do with language? ELAMATHSCIENCEComprehend and evaluate complex texts across a range of types and disciplinesConstruct effective arguments and convey intricate or multifaceted informationDiscern a speaker’s key pointsRequest clarification and ask relevant questionsBuild on others’ ideasArticulate their own ideas, and confirm they have been understoodUnderstand and use stated assumptions, definitions, and previously established results in constructing argumentsMake conjectures and build a logical progression of statements to explore the truth of their conjecturesJustify their conclusions, communicate them to others, and respond to the arguments of othersConstruct explanations and designated solutionsEngaging in argument from evidenceObtain, evaluate, and communicate informationCA ELD Standards AMPLIFY the CCSS for ELA/Literacy(1 minute)Remind participants that the CA ELD Standards highlight and amplify the language demands found in the Common Core State Standards so that students develop both English and content knowledge. The CA ELD Standards guide teachers in building ELs’ knowledge about how the English language works in different contexts to achieve specific communicative purposes.
9 2012 CA ELD Standards Part I: Interacting in Meaningful Ways Part II: Learning About How English WorksIn todays meeting we will be learning about Part II: Learning How English WorksPart III: Foundational Skills
10 The Autobiography of Malcolm X “I became increasingly frustrated at not being able to express what I wanted to convey in letters that I wrote,... In the street, I had been the most articulate hustler out there - I commanded attention when I said something. But now, trying to write simple English, I not only wasn’t articulate, I wasn't even functional…”Have a participant read quote aloudIn today’s CA ELD Standards session we are going to be Learning About How English Works. We will be reading about the language processes that are needed when speaking and writing in formal Academic English.
11 Have participants locate Appendix B in their ELD Standards Books
12 What are the language skills students need in order to be fluent in Academic English? Setting the purpose for videoThe purpose for watching this video is to identify the language skills students need in order to be fluent in Academic English.
13 SERP: Strategic Education Research Partnership Academic Language and its Connection to Catalyzing Comprehension Through Discussion and DebateDiscusses importance of Part II: Learning about how English WorksSetting the stage for reading Appendix BSERP: Strategic Education Research Partnership
14 What are the language skills students need in order to be fluent in Academic English? (5 Min. )Video Debrief:Ask participants to discuss the question with a partner/table talkAsk participants to share outPossible responses:Students need to know how to use complex sentences, connect ideas, organize ideas in discourse in specific ways and know academic vocabularyLet participants know that as they read their assigned sections, they will be reading about the language processes students need to know in order to understand how English Works.
15 Whole Text Sentence Level (Clauses, phrases, nominalization)Part II of the CA ELD Standards provides guidance to teachers on intentionally and strategically addressing the language demands in the CCSS and in the text used for instruction. They provide guidance to teachers in supporting EL students in ways that are appropriate to grade level and English language proficiency.Part II focuses primarily on academic registers of English because of their prominence in CCSS for ELA and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects and their importance for college and career readiness.Let participants know that as they read their assigned section of Appendix B they will be reading about the Language Processes students need to know in order to understand how English works. (“Constellation of language skills” as Paola calls them!)
16 Appendix B Learning About How English Works Read page 1, first 2 paragraphsWhat connections did you make to Paola’s explanation of academic English?Share OutInterpretive ModeHave participants read first two paragraphs of Appendix B. Have a brief discussion about what was readPossible share outs:Academic English is the language used in school to help students develop content knowledge, skills…The language students are expected to use to convey their understanding and mastery…Academic English encompasses ways of structuring clauses, sentences,…Let participants know that they will be reading more about the language resources, skills, students need in order to achieve academic English proficiency
17 Appendix B Learning About How English Works Number off from 1 – 4Read your assigned sectionHighlight key phrases and or statementsHave participants number off from 1-4Read directionsClick to the next slide for reading sections
18 Reading Sections Text Level Understanding Pages 6 – 9 Skim p. 8 Sentence and Clause Level UnderstandingPage 9 – 12Phrase Level UnderstandingsPage 13 – 14Word Level UnderstandingsPages(7 minutes)Read information on slide. Highlight that group 1 will skim page 8
19 Appendix B Learning About How English Works Read your assigned sectionHighlight key phrases and or statementsInterpretive ModeRead directionsClick for image to appear and connect to CA ELD Standards, Part 1, Interpretive Mode – (Reading Closely Informational Text)
20 Group Work Form Experts Groups 1s, 2s, 3s, 4s Analyze phrases/statements(4-5 minutes)Read slideClick for animation and connect to Part 1, Collaborative and Interpretive Modes (Collaboratively: exchanging information and ideas with others and negotiating with others in communicative exchanges. Interpretive: Listening actively to spoken English in academic context)CollaborativeandInterpretiveModes
21 Summary Create a Summary Share Out What are the salient points of your readingShare Out5 minutes to create a summary on chart paper5 minutes to share outConnect to Part 1, Productive Mode, expressing information and ideas in formal oral presentations on academic topicsHave participant use the information they highlighted in order to create a summary about the section they read.Possible Share Out:Text StructureStudents need to be aware of how different text types are structured so that they can comprehend when reading and or be able to meet writing expectations (story vs argument structure)Students need to understand how writers and speakers make their texts cohesiveCohesion – created by referring back or forward in the text to people, ideas, or things using pronouns or synonyms or linking chunks of text with text connectivesStudents need to have a range of language resources to convey meaningSentence and Clause Level UnderstandingsStudents must be able to understand how sentences are constructed in particular ways in order to convey meaning in different contentsAcademic text in different disciplines vary. General academic and domain specific vocabulary, complex sentences that connect subordinating conjunctions, expanded noun phrase, longer stretches of discourse that are tightly organizedCA ELD standards allow teachers to focus on critical linguistic features of academic EnglishDeconstructing complex sentences to highlight linguistic features (focus on the sentence and clause structure)Phrase Level UnderstandingsStudents learn to add more detail by using expanded noun phrases, adjectives, embedded clauses, and prepositional phrasesDeconstruct text to identify language piecesWord Level UnderstandingsNominalization – language resource used in academic text to help achieve density and makes text cohesiveTypes of nominalization:verb transformed to noun/noun phrase (ex. Chart on pg.14)Collapsing clauses into a noun/noun phrases (creates cohesion in text and contributes to lexical density)CollaborativeProductive
22 Whole Text Sentence Level (Clauses, phrases, nominalization)Making connections to reading of Appendix B.Share with participants that the reading they completed aligns to the structure and organization of Part II of the CA ELD Standardsi.e.Group 1s reading aligns to Section A, Structuring Cohesive TextGroups 2-4 reading aligns to Sections B & C, Expanding and Enriching Ideas and Connecting and Condensing Ideas
23 Sentences, Clauses, & Phrases (Grammatical Structures) Academic EnglishBeforeNowSentences, Clauses, & Phrases(Grammatical Structures)Text StructuresVocabularyAcademic English is beyond a list of vocabulary words taught out of context. Students need to be taught text and grammatical structures, so that they can make informed choices about how to use language appropriately, based on discipline, topic, purpose, audience, and task when producing oral and written texts.
24 Academic Writing Page 8All Students are expected to write in this manner…linked sentences, cohesive text, proper text structure…Deconstruction of all academic linguistic resources mentioned in Appendix B lead to students comprehending texts and meeting written and oral expectations
25 ReflectionHow will I begin to plan lessons that develop the understanding of academic English for my ELs?Group discussionCall on two or three participants to share out
26 STUDENT RESPONSIBILITY TEACHER RESPONSIBILITY“I do it”Focus Lesson“We do it”Guided Instruction“You do it together”Collaborative“You do italone”IndependentDoug Fisher talks about high quality instruction, how a teacher should be using academic language, language of the discipline, and model the learning that needs to take place.In Appendix C we read about how teachers can successfully “apprentice” their students into engaging in more academic ways of interacting with one another, using language of the specific content, acquiring the language of academic discourse, and developing content knowledge.Appendix B focused on the importance of explicitly teaching students about how English works so that they in turn use language appropriately, based on discipline, topic, purpose, audience, and task, when producing oral and written text.STUDENT RESPONSIBILITYA Structure for Instruction that WorksDoug Fisher
27 “As students learn more about the patterns of English grammar in different communicative contexts…, they can develop more complex understandings of English grammar and usage. Students can use this understanding to make more purposeful and effective choices in their writing and speaking and more accurate and rich interpretations in their reading and listening.”Appendix B, page 4Reflect on this quote! What are the implications for instruction, PD at the school site…