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Published bySantos Rimer Modified over 8 years ago
The Role of the Director Presented by David Spear State Manager SA/NT MAY 2013
What is corporate governance? “oversee business performance and compliance performance, directors must put in place systems and processes to control and monitor — or ‘govern’ — the organisation.” 2
What is ‘good governance’? Good governance is about the management of risk What is your organisations “Risk Appetite?” Courts and regulators will not accept ‘passive’ director 3
What does a board do? This depends on the board, the company and priorities identified Directors responsible for two broad areas — –business performance (internal role) –compliance performance (external role) Balance needed between performance and compliance activities - “Hires and Fires” the CEO - Sets the Strategy for the organisation with the CEO 4
Heard this before? “I only sit on a Not for Profit board…..” 5
Stakeholder relationships: not-for-proﬁt organisation © 2010 Australian Institute of Company Directors
Compliance roles Performance roles Provide accountability Strategy formulation Monitoring and supervising Policy making Past and present orientated Future orientated External role Internal role Source: Robert I. Tricker., I994, International Corporate Governance: Text Readings and Cases, New York: Prentice Hall, p.149. Approve and work with and through the CEO Framework for analysing the board’s functions: Tricker model
ASX Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations (2007) 1. Lay solid foundations for management and oversight 2. Structure the board to add value 3. Promote ethical and responsible decision-making 4.Safeguard integrity in financial reporting 5. Make timely and balanced disclosure 6. Respect the rights of shareholders 7. Recognise and manage risk 8. Remunerate fairly and responsibly 8
Directors’ duties Fiduciary duties — Director in position of trust so owes ‘fiduciary duties’ to organisation — (a) duty to act in good faith (b) duty of care and diligence Statutory duties — Duties set out in legislation — (a) Corporations Act 2001 (b) Acts affecting operations (eg: OHS, environmental law) Directors duties are owed to the organisation as a whole, not to any particular group of shareholders/members 9
Duty to act in good faith Section.181 (1) of the Corporations Act 2001 states: ‘A director or other officer of a corporation must exercise their powers and discharge their duties in good faith in the best interests of the corporation and for a proper purpose’ Includes: duty to avoid conflict of interest no gain to be achieved by improper use of position no gain to be achieved by improper use of information disclosure important 10
Board’s involvement in strategy An organisation’s strategy describes how it intends to create value for its stakeholders/members/community Board involvement in strategy includes; Setting appropriate KPI’s is a key step Integrate strategy monitoring and risk monitoring Joint board-management responsibility Remember Directors direct, Managers manage… 11
The line between board and management Established management team Crisis Board Management New CEO/management team Increasing trust and confidence Increasing board involvement
Board strategy practices 'The problem is that many companies lack a clear process – … that enables directors to participate meaningfully in strategy development. … Just sitting around a table once a year, enduring a two hour-hour Power Point presentation followed by fifteen minutes of questions, is not a process, it’s window dressing.' Nadler, Behan & Nadler, 2006, Building Better Boards: A Blueprint for Effective Governance 13
Duties related to finance Duties imposed on directors to ensure that they monitor the organisation’s financial situation and management’s use of company resources Four key directors’ duties relating to an organisation’s finances: –maintaining proper books and records –financial reporting –monitoring organisation’s financial position –prevent organisation trading while insolvent 14
Rights of directors Responsibilities but some rights: Right to information Right to be advised Right to be heard 15
Consequences of breach of duty Directors can be liable in civil and criminal law Penalties range from imprisonment to substantial fines Disqualification Damage to professional reputation 16
Protection Best protection is vigilance in the diligent performance of director’s duties Directors & Officers insurance may offer protection Each D&O policy is different Organisation not required to provide insurance 17
So what does a director look for in times of change and uncertainty? Ensure your organisation has an up to date Risk Matrix Ensure your organisation has good policies in place, OH &S, Media etc Ensure your Board Members are fully aware of their duties and responsibilities, and if not seek help and training! Ensure your Strategy document encapsulates the direction the organisation wants to head in as a whole. Finance; Understand the Profit and Loss statement, Balance sheets, Cash flows etc. As a Board Member, ask Questions! There is never a silly question! 18
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