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Storage Networking Strategic Decision-Making Randy Kerns Evaluator Group, Inc.

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Presentation on theme: "Storage Networking Strategic Decision-Making Randy Kerns Evaluator Group, Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 Storage Networking Strategic Decision-Making Randy Kerns Evaluator Group, Inc.

2 Agenda Recap – What you’ve heard Storage Networking Definition, what problem is being solved Differing Solutions SAN – FC, IP (iSCSI, iFCP, FCIP) NAS Framework For Decision-Making Evaluation Requirements based on market segment Where proposed solutions best fit Considerations for your environment Roadmap for choosing storage networking solution Methodology to approach problem

3 Storage Networking Definition – from SNIA The practice of creating, installing, administering, or using networks whose primary purpose is the transfer of data between computer systems and storage elements and among storage elements. What problems are being solved Near-term: consolidation, backup Wider-view: storage growth

4 Different Solutions Storage Area Networks Fibre channel based Fabric switched network for SANs –High bandwidth – 1, 2 Gb/s now, 10 Gb/s mid 2002 –Low latency – hardware intensive implementation –Block I/O – SCSI as ULP for fibre channel Interoperability –Solved with significant investment from vendors –Independent lab and certification underway –Maturing – significant deployment Major vendors –Products –Commitment for long term Management and the abstraction of storage

5 Different Solutions Storage Area Networks IP based Over Ethernet with TCPIP encapsulation for most Various methods – proposals for standards –Block I/O via encapsulation »iSCSI –Tunneling »iFCP »FCIP Targeting OLTP at higher transaction rate than NAS

6 Different Solutions Storage Area Networks IP based – iSCSI - uses SCSI commands over IP Target is to provide block I/O using Ethernet infrastructure No mechanism in Ethernet/IP to allow for command-response structure of SCSI SCSI is block oriented storage interface Uses a software driver to control SCSI protocol Ethernet / IP has network characteristics No flow control – drops packets on congestion Packet size is limited – get smaller as contention increases iSCSI attempts to work within these constraints iSCSI standard proposes to encapsulate SCSI on TCP Many vendors – some haven’t been in storage before

7 Different Solutions Storage Area Networks IP based – iFCP, internet Fibre Channel Protocol Transfers FCP across IP networks Gateways used to encapsulate FCP on IP Useful for extended distances for FC connections Translates FC frame addresses to new local IP address –‘Transparent’ view of storage devices –Connects FC devices to TCP/IP backbone IP based – FCIP, Fibre Channel Internet Protocol Tunneling FCP across IP Gateways/switches act as E-port extenders Useful for SAN to SAN linkage over extended distances Does not change FC address of frames between SANs –Makes a large SAN with single address space

8 Different Solutions Storage Area Networks InfiniBand Developing technology to replace PCI in servers Will extend from server to fabric –Connect storage, networks, etc. –Switch / routers will be initial connect Question is: when will native InfiniBand devices appear? Infrastructure change – will happen –Probably 5 years to reach into storage

9 Different Solutions Network Attached Storage NAS Appliances Remote file serving Clustering option Starting to see abstraction within same vendor solutions

10 Different Solutions Network Attached Storage DAFS VI based Remote DMA File-based access Targeting OLTP at higher transaction rate than NAS YE2001 availability

11 Different Solutions Convergence – blurring of the lines Gateway – NAS “head” Connect to SAN storage Benefits of scaling storage, administration

12 Different Solutions Convergence – blurring of the lines Metadata server solutions NAS control for access SAN block I/O for data to achieve high performance

13 Different Solutions Convergence – blurring of the lines Distributed SAN file systems SAN data can be local file system Cluster Vol Host B Host C Cluster Vol Host A SAN Cluster File System Cluster File System Cluster File System Cluster Sfw Single File System Common file system on shared storage Highly available Application transparent

14 Framework for Decision making Evaluation Understand your requirements Business Technical Understand the vendor offerings Targeted at a specific market segment Characteristics may not fit your requirements Need to have long-term view

15 Markets

16 Requirements by Segment Enterprise DataCenter Reliability – 100% availability of data Guaranteed performance – response time, data rate Scalability – capacity and performance Security – guaranteed and provable Long-term support from vendor Tools for storage and performance management Integration into mature procedural environment

17 Requirements by Segment Departmental (Small Business) / Workgroup Cost Simple administration Quick ROI Multi vendor: server, OS, storage systems New E-business Cost Simple administration Potential large capacity Availability by replication Mature into traditional IT environment

18 Where Does Solution Best Fit Enterprise DataCenter FC-based SANs High performance, highly scalable Designed for storage – fits requirements for enterprise storage Security implementation / control familiar to storage professionals Significant deployment in enterprise (Fortune 1000 companies) NAS Appliances in mainly R/O environments Metadata server in file sharing / performance environments

19 Where Does Solution Best Fit Departmental (Small Business) / Workgroup IP based SANs May be least cost Few storage-only professionals (normally system administrators with multiple responsibilities) Perception of simplicity NAS Appliances SAN file systems Gateway FC based SANs Complete solutions without major installation effort

20 Where Does Solution Best Fit New E-business In SSP and professional service installed / managed environments: FC based SANs IP-based SANs for existing and growth environments NAS Appliances Gateway All of the above

21 Other Considerations Considerations for your environment Will there be multiple storage networks? Independent? Distance What information needs to flow? What are the bandwidth, response time requirements? Plan for the future Growth Additional requirements –Security –applications

22 Storage Network Linkage Enterprise to Enterprise Data migration over extended distances Performance requirements and distance dictate connection Transfer over IP –Multiple solutions ATM, other tunneling solutions Business continuance Remote copy – critical performance characteristic drive connection topology SAN may be utilized by storage system to storage system copy (example PPRC) System-level issue not just data movement

23 Storage Network Linkage Enterprise to Enterprise

24 Storage Network Linkage Departmental to Enterprise Data distribution, upload, etc. Data protection Dynamic access based on demand frequency IP or FC based – depends on economics, performance, administration, etc. Distance required – campus based vs. extended distance Centralized management, security, etc.

25 Storage Network Linkage Departmental to Enterprise

26 Roadmap for Making Decisions Determine strategic business requirements business environment dictates requirements Determine storage capacity and expected growth benefit for implementing storage network management costs with growth Current operational changes required short term and long term staffing and infrastructure

27 Getting Started Make an informed decision: use a solution provider or roll your own expertise required who do you call when there is a problem who’s going to manage this who guarantees it and will make good Become educated in either case

28 Deployment Consider a phased implementation new technology introduction requires learning curve asset protection ease of integration minimize risk Start building infrastructure physical plant skilled staff

29 Deployment Start with simple configuration bring online first as shake-out make it local use the storage management software chosen ensure common reporting mechanisms make sure it works from the console you’ve chosen Build larger configuration when satisfied Get guarantee of interoperability!!!

30 Deploymen t Test failure modes addition to capacity addition of servers addition of switches and hubs service / maintenance (7X24) performance normal operations degraded limits backup restore

31 Deployment If solution provider is also a storage vendor - test replacement of their storage device with a competitor Review your management choice – it is the most important one to make

32 Summary Many different solutions Many from companies with no experience in storage products Great deal of hype and mis-information now One size does not fit all Differing requirements Economics matter Administration value Extensibility – handle growth Linking Storage Networks is important planning requirement Multiple organizations involved Critical decision for your company – choose wisely

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