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Sex Offender Treatment Minnesota Department of Corrections.

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Presentation on theme: "Sex Offender Treatment Minnesota Department of Corrections."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sex Offender Treatment Minnesota Department of Corrections

2 MN DOC Mission and Vision Our Mission To hold offenders accountable and offer opportunities for change while restoring justice for victims and contributing to a safer Minnesota

3 SO Treatment by the numbers Approx 1600 offenders with CSC as governing offense Approximately 2500 offenders with sexual misconduct in their histories Approx 900 OSO’s Approx 1600 offenders with SO treatment directives Typical reasons for no directive: –Only non-felony level SO (i.e., exposing) –Completed SO tx program and no subsequent SO concerns

4 SO Treatment numbers (cont) 248% growth in SO’s (GSO) incarcerated in past 20 years Most growth due to sentence length vs increase in incarcerations New commits = approx 1% growth/yr SO RV’s account for 89% of SO (GSO) population increase over past 15 yrs

5 Treatment Beds MCF- Lino Lakes –200 beds MCF- Rush City –50 beds MCF- Moose Lake (DHS/DOC) –50 beds MCF- Shakopee –8 -10 slots MCF- Red Wing –26 beds Programs are residential and based on limited therapeutic community models (with the exception of Shakopee which is considered outpatient).

6 MCF-Lino Lakes Targeted population – Sex offender with a treatment directive Length of Program – 2 – 3 years Custody level – Medium Minimum time to serve – 20 months (30 months including SO/CD) Maximum time to serve – 48 months CD component – Yes Lower functioning programming - Yes

7 MCF- Rush City Targeted population – Sex offender with treatment directive Length of program – 1 – 2 years Custody level – Close or medium (maximum on a case by case basis) Minimum time to serve – 20 months Maximum time to serve – 48 months CD component – No (SCL program) Lower functioning programming - No

8 MCF-Moose Lake Targeted population – Sex offenders who are most likely to be civilly committed Length of program – 3- 5 years Custody level – Medium Minimum time to serve – 24 months Maximum time to serve – 6 – 7 years CD component – No Lower functioning programming - No

9 MCF-Moose Lake (continued) Difference in this program –Participating offenders committed to the MN DOC –Program staffed by DHS, therefore DHS salary costs –Clinical supervision by DHS DOC oversees all activities DHS clinical staff participates in DOC clinical meetings

10 MCF- Shakopee Non-residential program Targeted population – female sex offenders Length of program – 1 –2 years Custody level – All levels Minimum time to serve – 1 – 1.5 years Maximum time to serve – No limit CD component – Participates in treatment following SO treatment

11 MCF-Red Wing Targeted population- Failed previous residential treatment or last available placement or best treatment option Length of Program – 9 months or to expiration of sentence Minimum time to serve – None Maximum time to serve – Expiration of sentence CD component – Integrated programming

12 Treatment Objectives Reduce risk by targeting “dynamic” risk factors (i.e.,) –Attitudes/beliefs –Substance abuse –Self management skills –Interpersonal skills Approaches: –Cognitive-Behavioral –Skills based –Risk Management –Group and individual treatment –Education

13 Sex Offender Treatment New DOC SO recidivism study “Sex Offender Recidivism in Minnesota” April 2007 publications.htm#so

14 Teamwork Since 1990, the sexual recidivism rate in Minnesota has dropped precipitously, as the three-year sexual reconviction rate for 2002 releasees was 3 percent compared to 17 percent for the 1990 releasees. The reduction in sexual recidivism since 1990 is likely due, in part, to the longer and more intense post-release supervision of sex offenders.

15 Minnesota Department of Corrections Transitional Programming for Sex Offenders

16 Philosophy: Offenders progress through phases of treatment AssessmentPrimary Phase Transitional PhaseAftercare Release planning should start at program admission Re-entry services should be provided in an inside-out manner –Community resources are brought into the institution –Interagency collaboration established pre-release to promote a continuum of care

17 Release Planning Release Planners in SOTP: Educate and motivate offenders in the assessment phase to begin early preparation for re-entryEducate and motivate offenders in the assessment phase to begin early preparation for re-entry Assess and review offenders’ continuum of care needsAssess and review offenders’ continuum of care needs Act as a resourceAct as a resource Ensure coordinated and collaborative development of a safe continuum of care planEnsure coordinated and collaborative development of a safe continuum of care plan

18 Transitions Class 4 - 6 months prior to release 1.5 hours, 4 days per week for 12 weeks Provided to all SOTP inmates (time permitting)

19 Transitions Class Guest speakers and topics:  Outpatient Treatment (SO & CD)  Support Groups and Sponsorship  Halfway House Program Expectations  Community Notification and Registration  Civil Commitment Procedures  Housing Resources

20 Guest speakers and topics (cont.):  Impact of Offender Release on Victims  Supervision Issues & Expectations  Credit Counseling & Child Support  Parenting, Visitation & Family Reunification  Spirituality  Vocational – Educational opportunities

21 Transitions Class Videos, class discussions and role plays:  Money Management / Budgeting  Morals & Values  Time Management  Recreation & Leisure  Health Care  Making Amends  Responding to high-risk situations  Developing a Support Network  Family Reunification  Communicating with Landlords  HIV & Sexually Transmitted Diseases

22 Transitions Class 6 hour Employment Seeking Skills session –Coordinated through institution Transitions Coordinator in the Education Department –Provided by a contract service provider

23 Transitions Class Support Person Education Sessions Members of offenders support network (family/friends/pastors/mentors)Members of offenders support network (family/friends/pastors/mentors) Held in institution visiting area during non-visiting daysHeld in institution visiting area during non-visiting days Large group discussion (all offenders and guests)Large group discussion (all offenders and guests) Small group discussion (therapist, offender, & his guests)Small group discussion (therapist, offender, & his guests)

24 Support Person Education Sessions (cont.) Large group discussion Common release and adjustment issues offenders face Rules and regulations of supervision Community notification and registration Community resources Ways to be helpful as a support person Commonalities of sexual offenders Dynamics of sexual offending behaviors Small group discussion  The dynamics of his specific sexual offending behaviors  His warning signs for risk for reoffense  What he has learned about himself in treatment  Ways his support network can assist him to avoid offending

25 Support Person Education Sessions (cont.) Sample responses from participants surveyed: “The session helped me to know things to look for, and what to do if things go wrong.” (mother)

26 “It was great! This is our third visit for a family session and I learned so much not just about (offender’s name) and what he is working on but so often I can relate to other family’s situations and so often a light bulb clicks with some of my struggles!” (mother)

27 “It gave my family a great deal of information and it helped to build a more supportive relationship.” (offender)

28 Release Planning Session  Invite Supervising Agent in to meet with offender  SOTP therapy staff  Case-manager  Community support people  Discuss treatment progress and concerns  Goals and recommendations for release  Rules & regulations of release & expectations

29 SOTP Release Plan Offender participates in putting the plan together Directed by housing placement Identify resources for o Assistance needs (medical, financial, etc.) o Continuing treatment resources o Support Groups o Leisure, faith community involvement, education resources

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