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Chapter 1 Beverage Service Industry

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1 Chapter 1 Beverage Service Industry

2 Definition: Bars – are establishments or businesses that primarily offer beverages, food and sometimes entertainment and other services to its customers. Beverage Service Industry – is an industry comprising of establishments or businesses that offer primarily beverages, foods and sometimes entertainment and other services.

3 The term “bar” is derived from the specialized counter on which drinks are served and is a synecdoche applied to the whole of the drinking establishment. Bar (also called a pub or tavern) is a business that serves alcoholic beverages such as beer, liquor, and mixed drinks for consumption on the premises.

4 History: Can be traced back to the time of Sumerians (4000 BC) through written records. Sumerians were considered the most progressive group of people. Some part of Sumer is the present Iraq. Sumerians were skilled traders, farmers and craftsmen. They invented the wheel, cuneiform writing system, arithmetic, military, first true city states, agriculture and irrigation.

5 Taverns – were places serving beverage particularly “ale” and places for social gatherings.
Derived from the Latin term taberna and the Greek taverna, whose original meaning was a shed or workshop. In England, tavern keeper was traditionally a woman, called ale wives in the early 13th century. By the 19th century the word tavern had evolved into the current term being public house or pub house or pub.

6 Empire Era 3200 – AD 476 In ancient Egypt, a papyrus warns “do not get drunk in taverns… for fear that people repeat words which may have gone out of your mouth with out you being aware of being uttered them.” An indication that early people already knows the effects of alcohol to the body and mind.

7 Ancient Greece (1100 BC), establishments serving foods and beverages includes Lesches – serving fine food and beverages, and Taverns – places for the poor. Greeks travel for religion, sports or games and to conquer lands.

8 Ancient Rome (500 BC – 476 AD), where Romans almost conquered already all parts of Europe.
Romans travel for trade, religion, pleasure or relaxation, and for political reasons. In the city of Pompei, 118 bar or taverns were discovered.

9 Decline and Revival (AD 476 – AD 1300), travel and tourism ceased and primarily travel became limited for religious purposes only. The church took over the job of feeding and housing the travelers. They created xenodocheions or a place to house travelers which means inn.

10 Renaissance (AD1350 – AD 1600), roads became safe again, trade and travel increased.
Ale house or taverns reappeared along trade routes. The rise of the middle class in the economic life in Europe.

11 Early Modern (AD 1600 – AD 1800), the introduction of stagecoaches became the means of transportation. Post houses were built along stagecoach routes and serve as a place for food and drinks and accommodation for travelers. Post houses is also considered in today as gasoline stations where tired horses were changed for fresh horse to continue a fast travel.

12 Spinning jenny Invention of locomotive Man viewed as part of machines The Industrial Era (1800), the development of rail travel, in Europe, taverns became a permanent establishments. Other versions of tavern in Europe: Inns Pubs Cabaret Growth of Factory System Le Chat Noir, French for “Black Cat” was a 19th-century cabaret in the bohemian Montmartre district of Paris. It was opened on 18 November 1881 at 84 Boulevard Rouchechouart Le Chat Noir, today Le Chat Noir, 1906

13 American Taverns: Taverns served as a place or rendezvous for revolutionaries. Taverns were brought by British to America: 1643 – the beginning of American Beverage Service Industry. Coles Ordinary – the 1st American tavern. In Massachusetts 1656, a town without a tavern was penalized, taverns were built near the church.

14 Early American Taverns: Hancock Tavern Green Dragon Raleigh Tavern
Queens Head or Fraunces Tavern Queens Head or Fraunces Tavern, 54 Pearl st cor Broad st NYC Green Dragon Tavern, 11 Marshall St Boston, MA 02108 Raleigh Tavern, Colonial Williamsburg Hancock Tavern, 668 Hancock Street, Quincy, MA 02170

15 In 1850 – taverns became large scale inns and later became hotels
In 1850 – taverns became large scale inns and later became hotels. They were designed like a palace but open for public use.

16 In 1920 – Prohibition Law or 18th Amendment Law was passed – this made manufacturing, selling, and importation of alcoholic beverage in America illegal.

17 The Prohibition Law caused large numbers of establishments stopped to operate, people lost their jobs and the government lost a large amount of revenue from the taxes generated from those establishments, and made known as a major cause of The Great American Depression.

18 Connie’s Inn, a major speakesy
Speakeasies – places that sold illegal liquors. Moonshines – term used for illegal liquors produced during night time. Bootleggers – illegal suppliers of illegal liquors. Bathtub Gin – Gin made in the bathtub, because the preferred style of bottle didn't fit in the kitchen sink. Rumrunners – alcohol smugglers There were speakeasies in almost every community, serving up all the illegal alcohol their customers wanted. Some featured jazz bands and gambling as well. Prior to Prohibition it would have been in extremely poor taste for a woman to be seen in a saloon. But women flocked to speakeasies in the 1920s. The cost of alcoholic drinks skyrocketed. What used to cost a nickel now sold for 50 cents. Most of the liquor sold was either poor quality or watered down, so "cocktails" became popular. People would add ginger ale, tonic water, or fruit juices to cover up the bad taste of the alcohol. Cocktail parties became a fashionable alternative to risking a raid at a speakeasy. Connie’s Inn, a major speakesy In the 1920’s and 1930’s

19 On 1933, the 21st Amendment was passed to repeal the Prohibition Law.

20 Dramshop Law or Third Party Liability Law
This law shifted the liability for damages in the drunken driven incident from the driver who caused the accident to the server or the place that served the drink to the driver. Dram – means small drink Shop – the place that serves the drinks.

21 Development of Beverage Industry in the Philippines
San Miguel Corporation History 1890 – founded by Don Enrique Maria Barreto de Ycaza in San Miguel district in Manila, the La Fabrica de Cerveza de San Miguel, the first brewery in South East Asia. 1913 – it became a corporation and began exporting beer in Guam, Hong Kong and Shanghai. 1922 – the year which started producing soft drinks at the Royal Soft Drinks Plant.

22 1925 – the year that started producing ice cream at the Magnolia ice Cream Plant.
1927 – the year that started bottling of Coca Cola in the Philippines. 1938 – entered the glass industry, supplying the company’s bottling needs. 1963 – San Miguel Brewery was renamed San Miguel Corporation; the largest food, beverage and packaging company in the Philippines.

23 The Board of Directors, San Miguel Group Corp. (SMG Corp.)

24 Eduardo “Danding” M. Cojuangco, Jr. Chairman and CEO

25 Ramon S. Ang, President and Chief Operating Officer (COO)

26 Members of the Board: Estelito P. Mendoza Inigo Zobel
Winston F. Garcia Menardo R. Jimenez Leo S. Alvez Egmidio de Silva  Jose  Pacifico M. Fajardo  Jesusa Victoria Hernandez Hector L. Hofileña Carmelo L. Santiago Roberto V. Ongpin Mirzan Mahathir Alexander J. Poblador        

27 Serves beverage alone with no food beyond snacks
Beverage-Only Bar Serves beverage alone with no food beyond snacks

28 Bar/Entertainment Combination
Offers drinks and a range of entertainment Dancing Singing Sports Live Performances Live Band Stand up comedy Fashion Show Striptease Piano music

29 Food and Beverage Combination
Serving food with beverage usually with some kind of food service. Bar and Restaurant Service Bars

30 Hotel Beverage Operation
Three or more bars in one roof with different purpose and ambience. Lobby bar Coffee shop Cocktail lounge/piano bar Restaurant bar/service bar Disco bar/night club Videoke bar Poolside bar Pool/Sports bar Banquet bar Open bar Limited bar Mini-bar

31 Lobby bar Disco bar/ night clubs Coffee shops Cocktail lounge/ piano bar Poolside bar Mini-bar

32 Videoke bar Open bar set-up Limited bar set-up

33 Airline Beverage Service
Drinks served on airline passengers

34 Cruise and Passenger Ship Beverage Service
Drinks are served on cruise ship liners and passenger ship vessels

35 Drinks are served on rail travel passengers.
Rail Beverage Service Drinks are served on rail travel passengers.

36 Coffee Shops / Coffee Houses/ Café
A place specializing on coffee and serves as a meeting place particularly for transacting business.

37 Tea Houses/ Tea Room A small room or restaurant where beverages and light meals are served, often catering chiefly to women and the place has a sedate or subdued atmosphere. It also serves a place for business or transaction.

38 Taverns A place of business where people gather to drink alcoholic beverages and more than likely, food is served.

39 Public Houses / Pubs A drinking establishment which served alcoholic drinks especially beer that can be consumed on the premises, usually with a setup like home.

40 Brew Pubs/ Micro Breweries
Pubs or restaurants that brew beer in the premises.

41 Night Club / Club A place for drinking, dancing, and entertainment which does its primary business after dark.

42 Internet Café / Cyber Café
A place where one can use a computer with internet access for a fee, usually per hour or few minutes; sometimes one can have unmetered access with a pass for a day or month, etc. It may or may not serve as a regular café with food and drinks being served.

43 An open-air area where alcohol is legally served.
Beer Garden An open-air area where alcohol is legally served.

44 The End

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