2 Who are the Zapatistas?a group of Mexicans who support improved rights & living conditions for Mexico’s indigenous peoplenamed after Emiliano Zapata, who lived in the early 20th century & fought for the rights of native people in MexicoIn the late 1900s, the Zapatistas were known for harassment and sabotage against the government.
3 Emiliano Zapata 1880-1919 poor mestizo sharecropper hero in the Mexican revolution ofdemanded justice for the indigenous people of Mexico
4 What is Guerrilla Warfare? sudden, unexpected acts carried about by groups that fight using “hit and run” tacticsMany terrorist groups employ guerrilla warfare.
6 Chiapas The uprising is focused in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It’s a resource-rich state in southern Mexico:produces over half of Mexico’s hydroelectric power2nd largest petroleum producing stateLargest coffee exporting stateSo what’s the big deal there?
8 What’s the Big Deal? Chiapas has the worst rates of poverty in Mexico: three-fourths of its people are malnourished, half live in dwellings with dirt floors19% of the population has no income39% earn less than minimum wage ($3/day)Chiapas is a huge contributor to the global economy (water, oil, etc.), but is getting little in return.huge division between rich & poor in the state
9 NAFTA & the Zapatistas… 1994—North American Free Trade Agreement came into effect & allowed free trade between US, Canada, & MexicoSome people in Mexico did not like this plan:thought that NAFTA would allow cheap farm goods to come into Mexico from the USthought NAFTA benefitted the wealthy and hurt the poor Native American farmers by lowering prices of crops like coffee and cornfarmers in Mexico would not be able to compete with the cheaper food
10 NAFTA & the Zapatistas… On the day NAFTA took effect, the Zapatistas took over 7 towns in their part of Mexico (state of Chiapas).The Mexican army was sent to remove the Zapatistas.fighting lasted for several weeks, & a cease-fire eventually ended the fightingZapatistas did not go away
12 Zapatistas’ Concernsagreements between the Zapatistas & the government have not solved the peoples’ problemsThey argued that the indigenous people of Mexico needed more help to improve healthcare, housing education, & jobs.
13 Latest DevelopmentsSeven years after the 1st revolt, on March 11, 2001, the Zapatistas marched to Mexico City and addressed Congress.They encouraged the passage of an Indigenous Rights Bill.Unfortunately, the bill was unsuccessful due to Congress radically changing it and denying indigenous people certain rights.
14 Latest DevelopmentsJanuary 2003: Rose up again armed with machetes denouncing neoliberalism (free trade policies), ecotourism, foreign investment and plans for war with Iraqhave aggressively detained several foreigners in an effort to deter foreign investment