2 Geography Peninsula in Southern Europe Greece is located on the Balkan Land covered with mountains(PindusRange) cover ¾ of Greek mainlandprotected and isolatedlimited contact between communitieseffect: Greece never unites w/ one govt.
3 Geography natural harbors no place more than 50 miles from the coast effect: many make living from the seas
4 Geography some fertile land mild climate (not hot like Egypt) effect: some farming(barley wheat grapes and olives),but Greeks will look for more land and will set up coloniespeople raised sheep and goatsmild climate (not hot like Egypt)effect: people spend time outside and socialize
5 Minoans lived on Crete, traded in Mediterranean region between 2500 and 1500 BCBritish archaeologist Arthur Evans (1893)Believed to have come from western Asia…not actually GreekLegend of King Minos
6 Minoans known for labyrinth palace at Knossos frescoes show scenes of Minoan life and religionRelates to story of Theseus and the Minotar
14 Decline of Civilization Minoan trade dominated eastern Mediterranean until about 1380 BCSomething happened, maybe a volcanic eruption or other natural disasterCulture was further weakened by Mycenaean attacks and influences between 1400 and 1100 BC
15 Mycenaeans perhaps came from central Asia intermarried w/ natives on mainlandset up kingdoms around hilltop fortressesMask of legendary King Agamemnon
16 Mycenaeans adopted Minoan customs said to have fought in legendary Trojan WarHeinrich Schliemann – German archaeologist who discovered TroyThe Lion’s Gate