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Exploring Management Chapter 15 Communication.

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring Management Chapter 15 Communication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploring Management Chapter 15 Communication

2 Chapter 15 What is communication and when is it effective?
What are the major barriers to effective communication? How can we improve communication with people at work? Communication is more important and complex and than most of us realize.

3 15.1 Effective Communication
Communication is a process of sending and receiving messages with meanings attached Communication is effective when the receiver understands the sender’s messages Communication is efficient when it is delivered at a low cost to the sender Communication is persuasive when the receiver acts as the sender intends. There are a lot of ways to communicate. Whatever method is used, if the communicating parties truly understand each other, the method used is a good one.

Process of sending and receiving messages with meanings attached Check Your Communication Skills Use , voic , text messaging Write memos, letters, reports Network with peers and mentors Conduct job interviews Run meetings, contribute to meetings Give persuasive presentations Work well in teams Give and receive feedback Managers communicate many different ways

Students are probably familiar with the two-way communication process. Managers have the added challenge of communicating and soliciting feedback from a diverse group, and accuracy of communication is essential.




Receiver must understand the sender’s message Efficient Communication Communication occurs at minimum cost Effective communication is very important for managers. Choosing the right medium for training employees or giving directives can make a big difference in how well the receiver understands the message. Cost includes time and effort in addition to expense.

10 EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION Communication Process
Persuasive communication Convincing others to accept, support and act on the message Credible communication Earns trust, respect and integrity Many persuasive communicators are not very credible. Students can probably contribute many examples, including Bernard Madoff, hoaxes and scams, supermarket tabloids, infomercials, recruiters etc…

11 15.2 Communication Barriers
Poor use of communication channels makes it hard to communicate effectively Poor written or oral expression makes it hard to communicate effectively Failure to spot nonverbal signals makes it hard to communicate effectively Status differences make it hard to communicate effectively. Physical distractions make it hard to communicate effectively The choice of a communication channel or medium is part of the message. “The medium is the message”.

12 COMMUNICATION BARRIERS Communication Channels
Poor use makes effective communication difficult Noise interferes with the communication process Most of us do not multi-task as well when we are trying to communicate as we think we do. It’s no wonder we are so often misunderstood when we attempt to talk while using the computer or carry on two conversations at once. Does using a laptop or texting during a meeting or college lecture class qualify as noise?

13 COMMUNICATION BARRIERS Communication Channels
Medium used to carry message Channel richness Ability of the channel to convey meaning Video conferencing is becoming popular for being effective and efficient. It is effective in providing high channel richness, yet is much less expensive than face to face meetings when travel is involved.

14 COMMUNICATION BARRIERS Communication Channels
Poor written or oral expression makes it hard to communicate effectively Managers need to use effective communication. Others may make wrong assumptions about a manager’s expertise, qualifications or experience if written communication contains errors or poor presentation skills make a bad impression. If you spend hours preparing a perfect report or presentation slides, put equal effort into effectively presenting it in person.

15 COMMUNICATION BARRIERS Communication Channels
Nonverbal communication Gestures, expressions, posture and interpersonal space Mixed messages Words and nonverbal signals don’t match Mixed messages are situations when your non-verbal communication doesn’t match what you say. Sarcasm is a good example. Not everyone interprets mixed messages the same way. They can be very confusing. When communicating in another country or with someone of another culture one may run into confusing non-verbal communication. The non-verbals in this picture may be worth exploring.

16 COMMUNICATION BARRIERS Communication Channels
Status differences Filtering distorts information to make it more favorable to recipient Plan the time and place to communicate important information. Discipline interviews, training and performance appraisals are examples of communication that needs an appropriate setting, free of distractions.

17 COMMUNICATION BARRIERS Communication Channels
Physical distractions Plan message to minimize distractions and interruptions Managers that do not seem approachable may not receive all of the information they need.

18 15.3 Improving Communication
Active listening helps people say what they really mean Constructive feedback is specific, timely and relevant Office spaces can be designed to encourage interaction and communication Transparency and openness ensure that accurate and timely information is shared In today’s global communication, technology has certainly provided more communication. Whether it has provided better communication depends on the complexity and sensitivity of the message being communicated.

19 15.3 Continued Improving Communication
Appropriate use of technology can facilitate more and better communication Sensitivity and etiquette can improve cross-cultural communication

Active listening Helps the source of a message say what he or she really means Listening is power. Those that are good listeners have much more access to people and information than those that are poor listeners or would rather talk. Active listening requires that you clear your mind of other things and focus completely on the person who is talking. Too often, we only partially listen.

Rules for better listening Listen for message content Listen for feelings Respond to feelings Note all cues Paraphrase and restate Communication is more effective if the listener follows this advice.

Process of telling someone else how you feel about something that person did or said Should be At the right time Genuine Specific Stick to the essentials Given in small doses It is important to give feedback even if you understand the message. A short confirmation can avoid many errors and it will be appreciated by the sender. It’s also important to seek feedback if you’re the sender.

23 Proxemics Proxemics The study of the way we use space
Physical distance between people conveys varying intentions in terms of intimacy, openness, and status.

Communication transparency Honest, open, accurate and complete information Open-book management Employees are given essential financial information about their employers Employees want accurate information regarding the employer’s strategy, plans and financial information. It may not be possible to be completely open, but every attempt should be made to provide employees with the information they need.

Work spaces designed to encourage interaction and communication Proxemics Sitting opposite the receiver can be confrontational. Sitting beside the receiver is more cooperative.

Appropriate use of technology can facilitate more and better communication Text Social networking Technology has revolutionized personal and business communication. Every medium is not appropriate for every message, however. Ask students which of these is most appropriate for: A directive Recruiting Confirming appointments Positive reinforcement Community building

Electronic grapevine Transmit information around informal networks inside and outside the organization True and false information can circle the globe in a very short timeframe. Many organizations filter and monitor Internet use. It is difficult to avoid personal communications while at work but, as a rule of thumb, you should not communicate any personal message that you would not want your employer to hear or see.

28 IMPROVING COMMUNICATION Cross-Cultural Communication
Ethnocentrism Consider one’s own culture to be superior Cultural etiquette Appropriate manners and behavior when communicating with people from other cultures You can communicate better with people of another culture if you take some time to understand some of the basics of their culture.

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