2 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Members of the General AssemblyNotes: The General Assembly is bicameral (has 2 chambers/houses). One is the House of Representatives, and one is the Senate. There are 180 members of the House of Representatives and 56 members of the Senate. Members of the legislature are elected by popular vote to 2 yr. terms of office.
3 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Members of the General AssemblyNotes: There is no limit on the number of terms a representative or senator can serve. Each of these members is elected by voters in a house or senate district. Districts roughly equal in size.
4 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Presiding OfficersNotes: The Lieutenant Governor presides over (leads) the Senate. Members of the House of Representatives elect a Speaker as their presiding officer. The Speaker, like the Lieutenant Governor, appoints committees and their chairpersons and assigns bills (proposed laws) to those committees. The LT Gov. does not have a vote in the Senate, but the Speaker of the House votes when it is necessary to break a tie.LT. Gov. Casey CagleSpeaker David Ralston
5 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Notes:56 senatorsPresident Pro Temp- David Shafer
6 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Qualifications for the SenateNotes: At the time of their election, members of the senate are required by Georgia’s constitution to be at least 25 yrs. of age, citizens of the United States, and citizens of GA for at least 2 yrs. In addition, they must have been legal residents of the district from which they were elected for at least 1 yr.
7 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Qualifications for the House of RepresentativesNotes: Members of the House of Representatives must be at least 21 yrs. of age, citizens of the United States, citizens of Georgia for at least 2 yrs., and legal residents of the district from which they were elected for at least one year.
9 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Presiding OfficersNotes: A presiding officer also has the power to determine the order of business, control debate, rule out proposed amendments to bills, enforce rules of procedure for the General Assembly, control meeting times and recesses of the General Assembly, and order a roll call vote on any issue.
10 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Committees “The committee system is the heart of the legislative process. The committee does what the Senate and the House of Representatives could not do as well by functioning as a whole. The committee can and should do the fact-finding groundwork.”
11 Agriculture & Consumer Affairs Appropriations Banks & Banking Budget and Fiscal Affairs Oversight Code Revision Defense & Veterans Affairs Economic Development & Tourism Education Energy, Utilities & Telecommunications Ethics Game, Fish, & Parks Governmental Affairs Health & Human Services Higher Education Human Relations & Aging Industry and Labor Information and Audits Insurance Interstate CooperationIntragovernmental Coordination Judiciary Judiciary Non-Civil Juvenile Justice Legislative & Congressional Reapportionment MARTOC Motor Vehicles Natural Resources & Environment Public Safety and Homeland Security Regulated Industries Retirement Rules Science and Technology Small Business Development Special Rules State Planning & Community Affairs State Properties Transportation Ways & Means
12 GA Legislature Committees Standing – established by the Senate and the House of Reps, for the management of their businessStudy- appointed or selected to perform a specific task or study a specific topicConference – formed to reconcile differences of a bill – members of both House and Senate – meet to come up with a same version of a billJoint – composed of both House and Senate members
13 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Committee SystemNotes: Some committees are permanent, lasting from one session to the next. These are called standing committees. Some of the standing committees include: Ways and Means Committee, which handles bills involving taxes; The Appropriations Committee, which works on the budget; and the Judiciary Committee, which deals with bills concerning the state’s laws and court system.
14 Georgia’s Legislative Branch: Main Idea: Committee SystemNotes: A joint committee, another special committee, is made up of members from both houses and works on an assigned topic or issue. A member of the General Assembly may serve on several committees. Committee chair persons decide when their committees will meet. They choose the order in which assigned bills will be discussed and when bills will be voted on.House of Reps.Senate