2 Real Name: Eric BlairBritish Political NovelistBorn: To English parents in India
3 After his father retired, Eric and his family moved back to England.
4 1911He was sent to a boarding school at the age of 8 to prepare for Eton, an exclusive prep school.Because he had a scholarship, he was teased and humiliated frequently.
5 *Whose rules was he enforcing? 1921-At 18, he passed the Empire’s Civil Service Exam and became a police officer in Burma. *Whose rules was he enforcing?
6 1927Returned in Europe* What life lessons can you learn while dishwashing?
7 He chose to live in poverty because he felt guilty for the job he had done in Burma -for having been apart of an oppressive government.
8 oppressed and helpless He saw povertyas a way tounderstand theproblems of theoppressed and helplessby becomingone of them.
9 (This is not the same as communist.) Orwell was a Socialist(This is not the same as communist.)Socialist: someone who believes that the government should own businesses so that everyone will be cared for.Government can *Redistribute $$$$*Make the “game” more fair
13 It's a Fable It's an Allegory Fables have 2 levels of meaning. On the surface, the fable is about animals On 2nd level, animals = types of people or ideas The way the animals interact & the way the plot unfolds helps us understand the nature of people or the value of ideas Fiction with multiple levels of meaning is called allegory.
14 Why Animals?In explaining how he came to write Animal Farm, Orwell says he once saw a little boy whipping a horse and later he wrote,“It struck me that if only such animals became aware of their strength we should have no power over them, and that men exploit animals in much the same way as the rich exploit the [worker].”
15 It's a SatireIn satire, vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, and society itself, into improvement.[Animal Farm is a satire of political society after the Bolshevik Revolution.
16 Historical ContextPRE 1900’s ---Russian society had two social classes: a tiny minority (bourgeoisie) controlled the country’s wealth.The working class was called the proletariat.
17 Communism arose in Russia when the nation’s workers & peasants rebelled against and overwhelmed the wealthy and powerful class of capitalists & aristocrats.
20 Nicholas II,monarch of Russia,was forcedto abdicatethe throne.
21 RomanovsOld Russia had been ruled for 300 years by a family called the Romanovs. They were called czars (or tsars) and ruled as kings and queens.They lived a fantastic life in their palace, surrounded by all kinds of luxuries.
23 Lenin, a Russianrevolutionary,took powerin the name oftheCommunistParty.
24 When Lenin died,Joseph Stalin &Leon Trotskycompeted forcontrol of theSoviet Union.
25 Stalin banishedTrotsky &took control.He began hisbrutal killings,overseeing thedeaths ofapproximatelytwenty millionSoviet citizens.
26 Themes1. Freedom &individual dignitymust be guardedvery carefully.
27 Themes2. Language is apowerful tool;used improperly,it can enslaveand confuse us.
28 Themes3. Weakness can bedominated bystrength, fear,and trickery.
29 Themes4. Hope & visionmust be kept alive,or we mightlive like theanimals ofManor Farm.
30 Themes5. Power corrupts,and absolute powercorruptsabsolutely.
31 Animalism = Communism Animalism Communism Taught my Old Major No rich, but no poorBetter life for workersAll animals are equalEveryone owns the farmCommunismInvented by Karl MarxAll people are equalGovernment owns everythingPeople own the government
32 Farmer Jones = Czar Nicholas II The irresponsible owner of the farmLets his animals starve and beats them with a whipSometimes shows random kindnessCzar Nicholas IIWeak Russian leader during the early 1900sOften cruel and brutal to his subjectsDisplays isolated kindess
33 Characters Snowball A clever pig with a head for ideas, Snowball A clever pig with a head for ideas,he becomes one of the mainleaders of Animal Farm andthe author of its central commandments.
34 Characters Napoleon A pig with a gift for techniques of control, Napoleon A pig with a gift for techniques of control,he establishes most of thefarm’s rules and eventuallybecomes its sole leader.
35 Characters Old Major An elderly show pig whose Old Major An elderly show pig whoseinstruction to the animalsabout "animalism" becomesthe philosophical basisfor the creation of Animal Farm.
36 Characters Squealer A pig with the ability to make any Squealer A pig with the ability to make anyidea sound reasonable,he is Napoleon's side-kickand is in charge of communicatingto the animals.
37 Characters Boxer A strong and hard-working carthorse, Boxer A strong and hard-working carthorse,he shows tremendousfaith in the rebellion and its leaders.