Presentation on theme: "Thinking Like a Geographer Part 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Thinking Like a Geographer Part 1 Project HelpThinking Like a GeographerPart 1
2 Factors that Influence Climate Table of ContentsDateTitleLesson #9/1Internal Forces59/3External Forces69/8Climographs79/9Factors that Influence Climate89/10Project Help91. Find a fresh page.2. Write the title “Project Help”
3 Part 1 Physical Features – same as landforms Formed by internal and external processesExample = mountains, riversHuman Features – made by humansExample = ports, highways
4 Activity Project Work ConversationYes, whisper, to help kidsHelp1. directions, 2. notebook, 3. other kids, 4. HAND, 5. text,ActivityCreating a map. Completing steps 1, 3, 4, and 5.MovementNo, regular seat at all times, use hand signalsParticipationRight = sitting, making a map, whisperingWrong = not working, talking loudly, not seated
5 Rough DraftObject: (think about these 2 questions if you’re struggling)What thing do you own would make you the maddest if I took it away from you.If you could get any present today, what would it be?
6 Physical Features p. 34Human Features Airport, Port, Highway (one major road like I-10), Railroad, Power Plant, Colleges, or Stadiums7. Make sure you use spatial analysis in determining the location of your cities.- Place them next to water- Place them by physical features that people would be able to live near.- Place them by human features that would increase jobs.
7 Have steps 1 - 5 in Part One done when you walk in tomorrow. Challenge…Your challenge today is to accomplish stepsHOMEWORK:Have steps in Part One done when you walk in tomorrow.
8 Day 2 - Part 1, #2 Today’s tasks: Determine where on a world map to place your country.Figure out the latitude and longitude of your country.
9 EQUATOR = line of latitude, 0 degrees What are these two lines?EQUATORPRIME MERIDIANEQUATOR = line of latitude, 0 degreesPRIME MERIDIAN = line of longitude, 0 degreesCOPY WHAT IS IN THE BOX
10 Northern Hemisphere - Latitude from 0° to 90°N 90°N 0° COPY WHAT IS IN THE BOX
11 Southern Hemisphere Latitude from 0° to 90°S 0° 90°S COPY WHAT IS IN THE BOX
12 Western Hemisphere Longitude from 0 ° to 180 ° W 180° W 0° COPY WHAT IS IN THE BOX
13 Eastern Hemisphere Longitude from 0 ° to 180 ° E 180 ° E 0° COPY WHAT IS IN THE BOX
14 PART 1 - #2You must determine where on the globe your country is going to be located.
15 Zones of LatitudeA region’s latitude (distance from the equator) can impact its climate.READ ONLYPolarTemperateTropicalTropicalTemperatePolar15
16 Tropical Zones: Warm weather year round Tropical Zones: Warm weather year round. Area between the Tropic of Cancer (23 ½ º N) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23 ½ º S).Temperate Zones: Warm summers and cold winters (four seasons). Areas between Tropic of Cancer (23 ½ º N) and Arctic Circle (66 ½ º N) and Tropic of Capricorn (23 ½ º S) and the Antarctic Circle (66 ½ º S).Polar Zones: Cold year round. Areas north of the Arctic Circle (66 ½ º N) and south of the Antarctic Circle (66 ½ º S).16
18 Tropical Polar Temperate Choosing your climate – Your climate type must match the correct climate zoneTropicalPolarTemperate
19 Multiple ClimatesMountains – If you have mountains the climate in your country may change.Mountains = polar climate zone (type = Highlands)Backside of mountains = tropical climate zone (type = desert)Latitude – How close are you to the equator?COPY THIS SLIDE ON YOUR HELP PAGE
20 Topography - Elevation Elevation is the height above sea levelThe higher the elevation of a region the cooler the temperature becomes.Cooler TemperaturesWarmer Temperatures20
21 This area should be a climate found in the temperate zone. Why is it considered polar?ChinaIndia
22 Grid Directions Open to the A section of the book. Find the zone of latitude that you wrote by #2.Place your finger on a spot in the ocean where you want your island to be located.Determine your island’s latitude and longitude.
23 Grid DirectionsOn your blank piece of paper, draw 3 horizontal lines and 3 vertical lines.These are your latitude and longitude lines.Add the numbers at the top and left hand side of your paper for latitude and longitude.
25 Part 2 – 5 Themes of your Island Your goal for today1. Complete the 5 Themes of Geography for your island.2. Finish the Final Copy of your map.
26 Factors that Influence Climate Table of ContentsDateTitleLesson #9/1Internal Forces59/3External Forces69/8Climographs79/9Factors that Influence Climate89/10Project Help9TURN TO YOUR PROJECT HELP PAGE. IF YOU DON’T HAVE ONE YET, MAKE ONE ON A FRESH PAGE.
27 5 Themes of Your Island 1. Location - Absolute: Use your grid to determine the absolute location,- write it like this (25º N, 115 º W)- Relative: What is it near?
28 2. Place- What is it like there?- Physical features = made by nature- Human features = made by humans
29 3. Human-Environment Interaction - How have humans adapted your environment?
30 4. Movement- How are people connected to other parts of the world?
31 5. Region- What is one place it is similar to?- What is one place it is different from?- How is your island similar and different from Houston?- Think about climate, location, physical features, etc.- Remember the climate zone and climate type you chose on Friday
32 6. Location of CitiesMake sure you use spatial analysis in determining the location of your cities.- Place them next to water- Place them by physical features that people would be able to live near.- Place them by human features that would increase jobs.
33 Part 3 – 5 A’s of your Island’s climate Your goal for today1. Complete the 5 A’s activity for your island.2. Finish the Final Copy of your map.
34 5 A’s IntroTASK - In your notebook, write down as many words as you can think of that are in any way related to the following word…CLIMATE
35 1. Ask Add your best question to your project Part 3, #1 now. TASK - From the list of words that you wrote down, create two questions that a geographer could ask about your country’s climate.Write these in your notebook on your project help page.Add your best question to your project Part 3, #1 now.
36 2. AcquireWhat must you do to find the answer to the question you wrote for Part 3, #1?How will you acquire the data?Write your response to Part 3, #2 on your project paper now.
37 3. Arrange How are the climates different in your country? What are the factors that affect climate?ElevationOcean CurrentsLatitudeMountains (Rain Shadows)
38 1. Elevation Elevation = height above sea level Higher the elevation, the cooler the climateCooler TemperaturesWarmer Temperatures
40 2. Ocean Currents Warm ocean currents make areas warmer and rainier Cool ocean currents make areas cooler and drierWarmer and RainyWarm Ocean CurrentCooler and DrierCool Ocean Current40
41 3. Latitude Latitude (distance from the equator) impacts climate. Tropical = hot, temperate = mild, polar = coldPolarTemperateTropicalTropicalTemperatePolar41
42 POLAR60°N60°NTEMPERATE30°N30°NTROPICAL30°S30°STEMPERATE60°S60°SPOLARREAD ONLY
43 4. Mountains Mountains impact climate by creating dry and moist areas. The windward side of the mountain is rainy while the leeward side is very dry.Rain Shadows are dry regions created on the leeward side of the mountainWhich side is the leeward side, the right or the left?WindwardWhich side is the windward side, the right or the left?43
44 This area should be a climate found in the temperate zone. Why is it considered polar?ChinaIndia
45 The Himalayas create a rain shadow. Desert – arid region with very little rainfallHumid Subtropical – warm temperatures, lots of rainfallREAD ONLY
46 3. Arrange How are the climates different in your country? What are the factors that affect climate?ElevationOcean CurrentsLatitudeMountains (Rain Shadows)ADD WHATEVER YOU NEED TO ADD TO CREATE MULTIPLE CLIMATES ON YOUR MAP NOW.- YOU MUST HAVE AT LEAST THREE CLIMATE REGIONS TO COMPLETE #3.
47 3. Arrange - Complete Part 3, #3 on your project paper now. After you are finished, create an example of the graph or chart on the back of your Part 3.Include a title, labels, and a key.
48 After you are finished, create an example of the graph or chart on the back of your Part 3. Include a title, labels, and a key.Graph HelpCheck your notebook for the different climate types we copied down right before the climograph lesson.Use p for additional information about climate types.
49 4. AnalyzeIn your notebook, write one positive aspect and one negative aspect about your island’s climate.- Complete Part 3, #4 on your project page now.
50 5. ApplyIf you were going to visit your island, what information would be important to know?Complete Part 3, #5 on your project page now.