Presentation on theme: "Religious – Belief Discrimination Awareness Training Steve Baldwin."— Presentation transcript:
Religious – Belief Discrimination Awareness Training Steve Baldwin
Objectives To introduce you to the Employment Equality (Religion or Belief ) Regulations 2003: –How it applies to all areas of employment –Who is protected –Who is liable –Direct Discrimination –Indirect Discrimination –Harassment –Victimisation
Healthcare Commission The Healthcare Commission (HCC) Standard C7e. Expects everyone in the Trust to challenge discrimination, further equality, diversity and human rights and reducing inequalities in healthcare.
Penalties of Non-compliance Until October 2007, the Equal Opportunities Commission was responsible for enforcing the Gender Equality Duty. Breaches of the general duty were subject to judicial review. For breaches of specific duties, the EOC had the power to issue compliance notices. From October 2007, the new Commission for Equality and Human Rights established by the Equality Act 2006, will take over enforcement and have responsibility for all six strands of discrimination law (race, gender, age, disability, religion and belief and sexual orientation).
What is meant by a good patient experience? The Department of Health commissioned research with patients who said: We want an NHS that meets not only our physical needs but our emotional ones too. This means: - getting good treatment in a comfortable, caring and safe environment; - having information to make choices, to feel confident and to feel in control; - being talked to and listened to as an equal; - being treated with honesty, respect and dignity.
Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations The Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations came into force on 2 nd December 2003. Religion or Belief means any religion, religious belief or similar philosophical belief. In defining what religion or belief means, factors such as collective worship, clear belief system and profound belief affecting way of life or view of the world will be taken into consideration by courts or tribunals. The regulations are not intended to protect discrimination on grounds of political opinion.
Who is Protected ? Applicants for jobs Current employees Self employed workers Contract workers People seeking or undertaking training Protection from discrimination, harassment and victimisation is provided by the legislation.
Territorial Scope of the Regulation Applies to employees or contract worker who does his/her work wholly or partly in the UK. Applies to employees or contract worker whose employer has a place of business at an establishment in the UK.
Who is Liable ? Employers are liable within the following: Recruitment Terms and Conditions or Benefits Dismissal Process Whether act is done by the employer, its employees, with or without employers approval, done by agent of employer with express or implied authority of the employer.
Unlawful Discrimination The Employment Equality (Religion or Belief) Regulations 2003 prohibits direct and indirect discrimination. Prohibits harassment Prohibits victimisation Prohibits indirect discrimination
Where Discrimination is likely to occur Arrangements in determining offer of employment. Terms on which employment is offered. Refusing to offer, or deliberately not offering employment. Access to promotion opportunities Access to training or redeployment Dismissing employee
Direct Discrimination Less favourable treatment on the basis of someones religion or beliefs. Perception of religion or belief. Assumptions of religion or belief. Job applicants or employees must not be treated less favourably than others because they follow, or do not follow a particular religion or belief.
Indirect Discrimination Indirect discrimination occurs when person A applies to person B a provision, criteria or practice that person A applies or would apply equally to persons not of the same religion or belief as B. When applied puts a particular disadvantage when compared with other persons.
Harassment Regulation 5 defines harassment as being where, on grounds of religion or belief, a person A engages in unwanted conduct that: Violates person Bs dignity, creates hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment.
Victimisation An individual is protected from victimisation even if they have brought proceedings against the employer on the grounds of religious discrimination.
Genuine Occupational Requirement Regulation 7 contains an exception from unlawful religion or belief discrimination in recruitment, promotion or transfer to a job or dismissal from any job. There are 2 types of genuine occupational requirements. –Due to the nature of employment religion or belief is needed e.g Christian chaplain. –Due to the ethos of the employer
Equality Act 2006 Under the Equality Act 2006, it is unlawful for someone to discriminate against you because of your religion or belief (or because you have no religion or belief): in any aspect of employment when providing goods, facilities and services when providing education in using or disposing of premises, or when exercising public functions.
Positive Action Regulation 25 allows employers to address issues of under representation by advertising vacancies in communities where local population are not represented in the workforce. The regulation does not allow an employer to positively discriminate e.g when recruiting or promoting staff.
Accommodating and Respecting Religious Observance The religious and belief regulations may have impacts on the following: Dress codes Access to a quiet place for prayer Changing and washing facilities
Action Points Reviewing Trusts Uniform Policy, Bullying and Harassment Policy, Equal Opportunities and Non-Discrimination Policy Train all staff and managers so that they are aware of issues that may arise in relation to religion or belief.