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Chapter 12 – Section 5: China and the New Imperialism

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 – Section 5: China and the New Imperialism"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 12 – Section 5: China and the New Imperialism

2 What did Europe and China trade?
China traded silk, porcelain, tea Europeans gave gold, silver, opium


4 What was the Opium War? Causes
British grew opium in India and traded to China for tea many Chinese became addicted China use silver to pay for opium → hurt economy Chinese govt tried to ban opium, but Britain claimed free trade Chinese complained because opium was illegal in Britain, but still sold 1839 war → Britain easily won

5 Results 1842 Treaty of Nanjing
China paid indemnity → payment of losses in war Britain received Hong Kong China opened up 5 ports to foreign trade British citizens in China got extraterritoriality → the right to live under own laws and be tried in own courts one of several unequal treaties that forced China to make concessions to western powers



8 What was the Taiping Rebellion?
peasants rebelled against poverty and misery leader Hong Xiuquan → wanted Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace won control of some parts of China and almost took over Qing dynasty

9 How did China begin to reform?
Self-Strengthening Movement 1860s reformers imported western technology made factories developed shipyards, railroads, mining, industry translated western works not supported by govt → little progress

10 War with Japan 1868 Japan began to modernize and join imperialism
1894 Sino-Japanese War (China vs. Japan) Japan won and gained Taiwan showed China’s weakness

11 Spheres of Influence an area where outside power has exclusive investment and trading rights after China’s loss to Japan, western powers moved to “carve out” spheres of influence U.S. did not but wanted to trade → Open Door Policy

12 What was the Boxer Rebellion?
Causes 1899 secret society Righteous Harmonious Fists (used martial arts → called “Boxers” wanted to get rid of foreigners in China 1900 Boxers attacked foreigners western powers and Japan made multinational force and crushed revolt


14 Results / Effects with defeat China had to make concessions
China realized need to westernize New Reforms: women allowed to attend school taught science and math expanded economy nationalism spread

15 Who was Sun Yat-sen (Sun Yixian)?
Chinese nationalist who studied in West made Revolutionary Alliance Goal: rebuild China on “Three Principles of the People” Nationalism Democracy Livelihood – economic security Chinese Revolution 1911 became president of new Chinese Republic

16 Sun Yat-sen

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