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Senior Project Presentation

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1 Senior Project Presentation
As I Lay Dying and Cubism Themes and Motifs by Michael Stultz

2 “No man is himself, he is the sum of his past
“No man is himself, he is the sum of his past. There is no such thing really as was because the past is. It is a part of every man, every woman, and every moment. All of his and her ancestry, background, is all a part of himself and herself at any moment.” Thesis

3 William Faulkner ( ) Greatest American Southern writer, won the Nobel Prize for Literature, 1950 A master of modernist experimentation in the novel, related to his obsession with time stream of consciousness, temporal shifts, and multiple voices Some major novels: The Sound and the Fury (1929) [4 narrators], As I Lay Dying (1930) [15 narrators], Absalom! Absalom! (1936)


5 William Faulkner ( ) Born William Falkner, 25 Sept. 1897, New Albany, Mississippi 1918: joins Canadian Royal Air Force U of Mississippi 1921: U of Mississippi Post Office

6 Faulkner: Major Phase 1929: The Sound and the Fury [4 narrators]
1930 As I Lay Dying [15 narrators]

7 William Faulkner ( ) His great theme is the influence of the past on the present… Gavin Stevens in Requiem for a Nun (1951), says: “The past is never dead. It’s not even past.”

8 Faulkner’s Rowan Oak, Oxford, Miss.

9 As I Lay Dying By William Faulkner 1930

10 Faulkner’s House (1930)

11 Faulkner’s Mississippi
2,400 square miles; the population, 6,298 whites and 9,313 Negroes, for a total of 15,611

12 What is the American South?
“You're in the American South now, a proud region with a distinctive history and culture. A place that echoes with names like Thomas Jefferson and Robert E. Lee, Scarlett O'Hara and Uncle Remus, Martin Luther King and William Faulkner, Billy Graham, Mahalia Jackson, Muhammad Ali, Elvis Presley. Home of the country blues and country music, bluegrass and Dixieland jazz, gospel music and rock and roll. Where menus offer both down-home biscuits and gravy and uptown shrimp and grits. Where churches preach against "cigarettes, whiskey, and wild, wild women" (all Southern products) and where American football is a religion.” - From John Shelton Reed's My Tears Spoiled My Aim

13 Modern Similarities As I Lay Dying is like the TV show Desperate
Housewives: told in voice-over by a woman who is already dead. Faulkner’s characters share inner thoughts through voiceovers.

14 Modern Similarities As I Lay Dying is like the movie Pulp Fiction:
told from multiple viewpoints and in a non-linear plot. Example: Vincent Vega gets shot and killed, but then he’s in the last scene (which begins the movie).

15 Major Motifs Earth: Addie’s destination Water: (flood) river crossing Fire: barn-burning Air: the smell of Addie’s rotting corpse

16 a. History and race Major Themes
b. Deterioration (of the family, the South, words)  c. Conflicts between generations, classes, races, man and environment d. Horror, violence and the abnormal Features of his works  a. complex plot  b. stream of consciousness  c. characterization: the psychology of characters  d. violation of chronology  e. courtroom rhetoric: formal language  f. multiple point of view, circular form continue exit

17 The Mind vs. The Body Critic Edmond Volpe says of Faulkner’s work:
“Faulkner dramatizes the recognition that the human body must exist in chronological time, the mind does not funtions within the boundries placed on the human body. The mind fuses past, present, and future. Because we think beyond clock measured time and because what we do today is shaped by what happened yesterday, ‘Yesterday, today, and tomorrow are IS: Indivisible. One.’”

18 Anse Bundren: patriarch of the Bundren family
  Innner Narrators Anse Bundren: patriarch of the Bundren family Addie: Anse’s dying (then dead) wife Cash: (30) the eldest son, the best carpenter in the area Darl: (28) the second son, sensitive, cruel and intuitive Jewel (18) the third son, favoring actions over words Dewey Dell (17): the only Bundren daughter Vardaman (9): the youngest Bundren exit

19 Whitfield: the local preacher Vernon Tull: Bundren’s neighbor
  Outer Narrators  Whitfield: the local preacher Vernon Tull: Bundren’s neighbor Cora Tull: Vernon’s wife, nosy and pious Lucius Peabody: the local doctor Samson: another neighbor who puts the Bundrens up for a night on their journey Henry Armstid: another neighbor who hosts the Bundrens one unfortunate night Moseley: druggist in Mottson, a town the Bundrens pass through MacGowan: a drugstore clerk in Jefferson exit

20 Faulkner’s Process 59 interior monologues where life and death are revealed through the characters Our memory, the way we understand, is related to our physical perception Monologues are very sensual perceptions of the real world These intensify the character’s mental & emotional experiences for the reader

21 More Faulkner’s Process
Interior monologues Stream of consciousness First person narrator makes action immediate No omniscient narrator so no center 59 chapters apportioned among 15 characters 7 are concerned 8 are detached

22 cubism After 1909, Picasso and Braque began a more systematic study of structure which we know as "Analytical Cubism". In this period, they removed bright colors from their compositions, favoring monochromatic earth tones so that they could focus primarily on the structure. The paintings of this period look as if they have deconstructed objects and rearranged them on the canvas. One goal of this is to depict different viewpoints simultaneously. Traditionally, an object is always viewed from one specific viewpoint and at one specific (stopped) moment in time. Picasso and Braque felt that this was too limiting, and desired to represent an object as if they are viewing it from several angles or at different moments in time. Innovative as this was, the danger was that many of the works of this period are completely incomprehensible to the viewer, as they start to lose all sense of form.

23 Pablo Picasso, 1900

24 Picasso, Self-Portrait, 1900

25 Gris, Portrait of Picasso (1912)

26 Picasso, Self-Portrait, 1907

27 Picasso Cubed

28 Cubism Example Full-Face Portrait – Student work

29 Materials Mirrors – 12x 18 newsprint –
Construction paper, scrap paper; newspapers, wallpaper – and other papers. Pencils, scissors,  Seral transfer paper, glue,  black permanent markers,  paint markers  Poster board for frame

30 The Mirror Effect Most people look in a mirror this way: Full-front,

31 We see what we want to see…

32 We rarely… Look at the sides…. ….and never behind.

33 …so we never really know how others see us.



36 Creative Component The pencil drawing on the right was made in the author's adult drawing class.  It is a practice observation drawing of two chickens in motion drawn with the instructions to keep drawing in the same space while the chickens are moving.


38 WORKS CITED Adamowski, T.H. "'Meet Mrs. Bundren': As I Lay Dying -- Gentility, Tact, and Psychoanalysis." University of Toronto Quarterly 49 (1980): Alldredge, Betty. "Spatial Form in Faulkner's As I Lay Dying." Southern Literary Journal 11 (1978): 3-19. Bender, Eileen T. "Faulkner as Surrealist: The Persistence of Memory in Light in August." Southern Literary Journal 18 (1985): 3-12. Bleikasten, Andre. Faulkner's As I Lay Dying. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1973. Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1974. Branch, Watson G. "Darl Bundren's 'Cubistic' Vision." William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying: A Critical Casebook. Ed. Dianne L. Cox. New York: Garland, Breton, Andre. Manifestoes of Surrealism. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1969. Broughton, Panthea Reid. "Faulkner's Cubist Novels." "A Cosmos of My Own": Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha, Eds. Doreen Fowler and Ann J. Abadie. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1981. Clarke, Deborah. Robbing the Mother: Women in Faulkner. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1994. Faulkner, William. As I Lay Dying. New York: Random House, 1990. Mosquitoes. New York: Liveright, 1971. Mellard, James M. "Something New and Hard and Bright: Faulkner, Ideology, and the Construction of Modernism." Mississippi Quarterly 48 (1995): Morris, Wesley. "The Irrepressible Real: Jacques Lacan and Poststructuralism." American Criticism in the Poststructuralist Age. Ed. Ira Konigsberg. Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1981. Nielsen, Paul S. "What Does Addie Bundren Mean, and How Does she Mean It?" Southern Literary Journal 25 (1992): 33-9. Saussure, Ferdinand de. Course in General Linguistics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959. Tytell, John. "Epiphany in Chaos: Fragmentation in Modernism." New York Literary Forum 8/9 (1981): 3-15. Vickery, Olga. The Novels of William Faulkner: A Critical Interpretation. Baton Rouge: U of Louisiana P, 1959. Woolf, Virginia. Walter Sickert: A Conversation. London: The Hogarth Press, 1934.

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