4 Working at heightFalls from height are the biggest single cause of fatal injuries, andthe second biggest cause of major injuries, caused by accidents at work .Each year around fatalities and 4000 major injuries are caused by falls at work.Reducing this toll is one of the HSC’s Priority Programmes,aims to reduce the incidence of fatal and major injuries by 10% over 10 years from1999/2000.
5 Working at height: The most common cause of injuries ... They occur when people are working on or near -LaddersUnprotected roof edgesUnsafe or incomplete scaffoldingFragile materials, i.e., asbestos roofingOr through unsafe work practices
6 What can be done to prevent these injuries? Consider-S.T.A.C.
8 Remember - S.T.A.C.Think What is the duration of the job, how many people are required for the job, what tools are required to do the job
9 How do I do it another way? Remember - S.T.A.C.Avoid Can the job be done another wayHow do I do it another way?
10 Remember - S.T.A.C.Control Planning controls events, ensure personnel are competent, have been instructed and trainedHas the state of health of those will be working at height been taken into account?
11 The most common cause of injuries ... Is the usage of laddersWhere the operatives failed to maintain a three point of contact with the ladderOver reaching, orNot siting the ladder on firm level ground
12 Fall prevention Consider using stilts for internal ceiling work Towers orScaffolding orMobile Elevating Work Platforms (MEWP’s)
13 Fall prevention Tower Scaffolds -Ensure they have been erected on firm level ground-There is internal access-Overall height is less than 3x the min. base dimension-Are inspected before and after use
14 Fall prevention General Scaffolding -Ensure they are erected by competent persons-Double guard rails are fitted-Where appropriate, scaffold has been tied and braced as necessary- It is inspected regularly
15 Fall prevention MEWP’s -Ensure ground conditions are suitable -Anticipate the load to be lifted- Is the platform size big enough?-Ask for the MEWP’s 6 monthly exam cert-Ask for copies of maintenance records-Is there provision for attaching fall arrest system
16 Injury prevention How to prevent injury should you take a fall: -Passive fall protection-Fall bags for use under 2m in height-Bean bags-Air bags-Close slung safety netting
17 Injury prevention What of safety harnesses? When tied into a fall arrest system you may still hit the ground if the working platform is less than 5.25 metersYou have to bear in mind that should someone fall they need to be rescued within twenty minutes to prevent trauma and how they are to be rescued
18 Hierarchy for safe work at height 1. AVOID the risk by not working at height –Where it is reasonably practicable to carry out the work safely other than at a height, do so.
19 Hierarchy for safe work at height 2. PREVENT falls - where it is not reasonably practicable to avoid work at height:-You should assess the risks and take measures to allow the work to be done whilst preventing so far as is reasonably practicable people or objects falling.This might include ensuring the work is carried out safely from an existing place of work; or choosing the right work equipment to prevent falls.
20 Hierarchy for safe work at height 3. MITIGATE the consequences of a fall - where the risk of people or objects falling still remains you should take steps to minimize the distance and consequences of such falls.This also involves the selection and use of work equipment.
21 Hierarchy for safe work at height 4. At all stages give collective protective measures (e.g. guardrails, nets, airbags, etc.) precedence over personal protective measures (e.g. safety harnesses)
22 Roof Work Identify all fragile materials This could be asbestos roofingRoofing lights: glass or otherwiseCreate safe accessEnsure there is edge protection around the platform
23 Summary Stop - Plan the job Think- What is needed to do the job Avoid - Can it be done differentlyControl - Use competent personnelManage risks from fragile surfaces, falling objects and danger areas (i.e., public pedestrian areas)
24 Remember your family needs you. Working at HeightDon’t let Heath Robinson be your guide to safety. It’s your health and your quality oflife that will suffer.Remember your family needs you.Questions?