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New Advances at the Turn of the Century

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Presentation on theme: "New Advances at the Turn of the Century"— Presentation transcript:

1 New Advances at the Turn of the Century
Times They ‘R a Changin’

2 Problems with the Railroads
Iron tracks rust Tracks are not all one size No stop signals/brakes are faulty No time zones Runs on coal which is inefficient and messy

3 Solutions Steel tracks Standard size tracks Stop signals/brakes
Time Zones Transcontinental railroad is built

4 Cornelius Vanderbilt Started by investing in the steamship industry
Later dominated the railroad industry on the East coast One of the richest families in US

5 Effect on Daily Life What happens now that we have better railroads?
Travel! New businesses open Can ship products coast to coast Mail is faster People begin to move or relocate and settle west

6 Changes in Communication
1829 Typewriter 1835 Samuel Morse-Morse Code 1837 Telegraph 1876 Telephone Alexander Graham Bell 1877 Phonograph Edison

7 Steel Bessemer Process- take iron and heat & cool it repeatedly to make stronger Effect on Daily Life: Railroad tracks Taller/bigger buildings like skyscrapers Better machines can produce more

8 Andrew Carnegie Scottish immigrant who eventually will dominate the steel industry Believed in giving money to charity-not to heirs-libraries!

9 Coal & Steam Coal is messy Needs to be mined Steam is faster but…

10 Oil! JD Rockefeller’s company Standard Oil dominated the oil industry
Changes: Lighting, Transportation, etc.

11 Big Business Monopoly: one seller of a good or service
Horizontal Merger: company begins to monopolize by putting businesses like them out of business Vertical Merger: company buys their suppliers Trust: Businesses agree not to compete through quality or price

12 Electricity! 1879 get the first light bulb
Fixes it and opens Edison Illuminating Comp. 1882 get city electricity

13 Effects of Daily Life Longer work days Factories can produce more
Will get electric run trains later Social life changes Safer than candles

14 AC/DC Wars Edison promoted DC (direct current)
Westinghouse purchased the rights to Tesla’s idea of AC (alternating current) A distribute to promote each began because of profits

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