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Letters and Sounds Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics

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Presentation on theme: "Letters and Sounds Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics"— Presentation transcript:

1 Letters and Sounds Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics
Six-Phase Teaching Programme

2 Phase 1 Phase One The children will experience a wealth of listening activities including songs, stories and rhymes. They will learn how to distinguish between speech and sounds and will begin to blend and segment words orally. They will begin to recognise spoken words that rhyme and explore rhyming words.

3 Phase 2 Phase Two The children will learn the first 19 letters of the alphabet - s,a,t,p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, u, r, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss They will move from oral blending and segmentation to blending and segmenting with letters. They will learn how to read and write CVC words (cat, bag) and read two- syllable words and simple captions. They will also learn high-frequency ‘tricky’ words: the, to, go, no.

4 Phase 3 Phase Three The children will learn another 25 graphemes, most comprising of two letters - j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, ng, ai ,ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er They will continue to practise CVC blending and segmenting and will apply their knowledge of blending and segmenting to reading and spelling simple two-syllable words and captions. They will learn to read and spell more high frequency ‘tricky’ words.

5 Phase 4 Phase Four The children will consolidate their knowledge of graphemes in reading and spelling words containing adjacent consonants (went, help) and polysyllabic words (children, lunchbox, shampoo) and apply this when reading unfamiliar texts and in spellings.

6 Phase 5 Phase Five The children will learn to recognise and use alternative ways of pronouncing the graphemes (groups of letters such as ‘o’, ‘oa’, ‘ow’ ‘oe’) and in spelling the sounds already taught. They will learn to spell two and three syllable words and recognise and increasing number of high frequency words automatically. ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oi, au, ey, a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e.

7 Phase 6 Phase Six The children will learn to apply their phonic skills and knowledge to recognise and spell an increasing number of complex words, independently and automatically.

8 We will be using the terms:
Phoneme – a sound in a word. Grapheme – a letter or sequence of letters that represent a sound. Segmenting – breaking down words into their sounds for spelling. Blending – building words from their sounds to be able to read.

9 Please support your child at home with learning their graphemes and encourage them to apply their phonic knowledge in their reading and spellings.

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