Presentation on theme: "Art with a Twist Campello on Contemporary. Or what this really will be… Who is this Campello guy anyway? A quick review of art history A quick lesson."— Presentation transcript:
Enter the Greeks We think that the ancient Greeks were the first culture to use art to decorate their homes. Initially copied the Egyptians, but then exploded art into classical realism, with super accurate portrayals of people.
Then the Germans head South… Rome falls in 410 AD The various German tribes sweep down from the North and essentially wipe out Roman civilization in Europe as the Roman Emperor moves to Constantinople. Germanic tribes pour by the millions into Northern Italy, France and Spain and set up their own kingdoms in those areas. Dark Ages begin…
Enter the Christian Church… Around 11 th century in Daphne, Greece
Enter the Realists and the Impressionists… … an abstract object, invisible or non existent, does not belong in the domain of painting… show me an angel and Ill paint one… Gustave Courbet (1819 - 1877) Rejected by the jurors for the 1855 Paris International Exhibition, he sets up his own pavilion and calls it the Pavilion of Realism.
Impressionism The term is introduced by art critic Louis Leroy ridiculing a landscape by Monet titled Impression – Sunrise.
But it really began in 1863, at the Salon des Refuses, an exhibition held to accommodate the angry artists who had been rejected for the Salon that year.
From the 1860s Impressionist painters such as Monet, Pissarro, Renoir, Degas and others followed Manets lead in painting scenes of contemporary life and landscapes. Led to some of them painting outdoors, directly from nature. From this comes a new revelation of light, climate and atmosphere. Science added new colors to their palette and understanding of color theory. Most of their exhibitions irritated the public and the critics. Colors influenced greatly by the arrival of Japanese Ukiyo-e woodblock prints in Europe
By the late 1800s, Impressionism has been accepted as real art, and thus was no longer the new thing. And the new generation of painters are no longer just interested in momentary sensations of light and color. Four painters lead the charge into Post- Impressionism: Seurat, Cezanne, Van Gogh and Gauguin.
Review Characteristics of Impressionist painting usually include visible, choppy brushstrokes, open composition, emphasis on light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), common, ordinary subject matter, movement as a key element of human perception, and often unusual visual angles.
Not too many well-known contemporary painters paint in the style of the Impressionists… but many lesser known artists still do, and when they do, their work is considered by critics and museums to be too derivative.
Enter the 20 th century Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Optical Art, Pop Art… Eventually, everything becomes art
The period after WWII sees a rediscovery of the abstract works of earlier painters. In the US totally abstract work first surfaces around 1948 in the works of Jackson Pollock and it is harshly received by the critics and the public. By the 50s it is surprisingly suddenly accepted and abstract art is the new American hit!
The Washington Color School The home boys put the DC area on the art map! Originally a group of DC area painters who showed works in the "Washington Color Painters" exhibit at the Washington Gallery of Modern Art in Washington, DC in 1965. The exhibition's organizer was Gerald "Gerry" Nordland and the painters included Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland, Gene Davis, Howard Mehring, Thomas "Tom" Downing, and Paul Reed. Sometimes called the stripe painters.
The last decades of the 20 th century saw post-modernism and everything became art – driven mostly by theory. The concept, not the product, sometimes was the art. Video and photography finally found their footing and became hot commodities in the art market. And yet, in spite of many claims that painting is dead, painting continues to lead the way as an art commodity. The art critics hate this.