Presentation on theme: "Seminar on Examination Awareness"— Presentation transcript:
1 Seminar on Examination Awareness PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERINGBy:Engr. Joel B. Bajador, PECE, MBA
2 Why do we conduct seminar on Board Exam Awareness? Assist Students and would-be takers of Board examinations in knowing and understanding, the PRC procedures and processes undertaken to preserve the Integrity of the Licensure Examinations administered by themTo inform students, faculty members and would-be takers of board examinations, how questions given in the examinations are formulated.
3 Why do we conduct seminar on Board Exam Awareness? To inform students, would-be takers and repeaters, suggested methods or techniques to be done to prevent them from committing mistakes that would render their answers to board questions, invalid.To let them know some DO’s and DON’Ts in taking the board examination
4 PRC Procedures and Processes To Ensure the Integrity of the Licensure Examination Preparation of Questionsa. How many?Initially 500 , then at least 300 per examination to be added or merge to past questions.b. What are the types of questions made?Multiple Choice .
5 Preparation of Questions c. Sources of questionsTextbooks, reference materials, technical standards adopted nationally and internationally (such as IEEE, ISO, IEC, ITU-T etc.), other technical publications from suppliers, vendors of electronic components, devices and equipments, and from the Internet.
6 Preparation of Questions d. Basis of formulated questions1) Table of Specifications (TOS)It is a competency-based description/ specifications of questions that will test for the competency of examinees
7 Preparation of Questions d. Basis of formulated questions2) Subjects and Syllabi-Mathematics – 20 %-Electronics Engineering – 30%-General Engineering andApplied Sciences – 20%-Electronics Systems andTechnologies – 30%
8 Preparation of Questions d. Basis of formulated questions2) Subjects and SyllabiECE SYLLABI
9 I. MATHEMATICS (20%) 1. Algebra & General Mathematics Algebraic functionsTheory of equationsFactorization and algebraic functionsRatio, proportion and variationMatrix theoryArithmetic and geometric progressionsEquations and inequalitiesLinear and quadratic equationsComplex number systemPolynomialsMathematical inductionLogic and probabilityStatistics9
10 I. MATHEMATICS (20%) 2. Geometry Lines and planes Plane figures Application of Cavalier’s, Pappus and Prismodial theoremsCoordinates in spaceQuadratic surfacesMensurationPlane geometrySolid geometrySpherical geometryAnalytical geometry10
11 I. MATHEMATICS (20%) 3. Trigonometry Logarithmic principles Trigonometric functionsFundamental trigonometric identitiesSolutions of right and oblique trianglesApplications of terrestrial mensurationArea, perimeter and centroid of plane figuresPolar coordinatesSpherical trigonometry11
12 I. MATHEMATICS (20%) 4. Calculus Complex variables Derivatives and applicationsIntegration and applicationsTranscendental functionsPartial derivativesHigher derivativesIndeterminate formsMultiple integralsDifferential equations12
13 I. MATHEMATICS (20%) 5. Mathematics Laws, Terms and Theories Laws, theories and other rules relative to the fields of mathematics13
14 II. GENERAL ENGINEERING & APPLIED SCIENCES (20%) 1. Engineering MechanicsStaticsKineticsKinematics2. Strength of MaterialsStressStrainTorsionElasticity14
15 II. GENERAL ENGINEERING & APPLIED SCIENCES (20%) 3. Engineering MaterialsProperties of Engineering Materials4. College Physics, General Chemistry, ThermodynamicsMatter, Change, EnergyStructure of MatterForces and MotionHeatSoundLightMagnetismElectricity15
16 II. GENERAL ENGINEERING & APPLIED SCIENCES (20%) 5. Engineering Economics and ManagementSimple and Compound InterestAnnuity, Depreciation, Commercial PapersBreak-Even AnalysisManagement Concepts and Principles16
17 II. GENERAL ENGINEERING & APPLIED SCIENCES (20%) 6. Laws and EthicsContracts and SpecificationsTelecommunications and broadcasting laws and regulationsElectronics engineering law of 2004Code of professional ethics and conductPhilippine electronics codeCode of Technical Standards and Practice (Manual of Practice)17
19 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 2. Electrical CircuitAc-dc circuitsResistorsInductorsCapacitor19
20 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 3. Solid State Devices/CircuitsSemi-conductor fundamentalsTransistor components, circuits, analysis, and designSpecial services (photo, electric, photo voltaic etc.)20
21 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 4. Power Generator/ Sources/ Principles/ApplicationsCells and batteriesElectric generatorElectronic power supplyVoltage regulationPhotovoltaic/thermoelectric generatorDistribution transformersUPS/float-battery systemConverters/inverters21
22 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 5. Electronic (Audio/RF) Circuit/Analysis/Design Cells and batteriesAmplifiersOscillatorsRectifierFiltersVoltage regulation22
23 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 6. Tests and MeasurementsVolt-ohm-ammeter (analog/digital)R-L-Z bridgesOscilloscopeCable testersRF metersSignal generators (audio, RF, video)Noise generatorsPower/reflectometer/grid dip meter23
24 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 7. MicroelectronicsIntegrated circuits components, characteristics and productsOperational amplifiers/multivibrators24
25 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 8. Industrial Electronics Principles/ApplicationsElectronic control systemIndustrial solid state servicesWelding systems/high frequency heatingFeedback systems/servomechanismTransducersMotor speed control systemsRobotic principlesBioelectrical principlesInstrumentation and control25
26 III. ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING (30%) 9. Computer PrinciplesAnalog/digital systemsBinary number system/Boolean algebraMathematical logic and switching networksBasic digital circuits (logic, gates, flip-flops, multivibrators etc.)Static and dynamic memory devicesProgramming and machine languagesInformation and acquisition processingAnalog/digital conversionComputer networking26
27 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systema. Transmission FundamentalsTransmission systemTransmission mediumPrimary line constantsVelocity and line wavelengthCharacteristic ImpedancePropagation constantsPhase and group velocityStanding wavesVoltage Standing Wave Ratio27
28 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systema. Transmission FundamentalsTelephone lines and cablesWave guidesBalanced and unbalanced linesUniformly distributed linesTwisted pair wireCoaxial CableThe DecibelPower level CalculationsSignal and Noise Fundamentals28
29 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemb. AcousticsDefinitionFrequency rangeSound pressure levelSound IntensityLoudness LevelPitch and FrequencyInterval and OctaveSound distortionRoom AcousticsElectro-Acoustic Transducers29
30 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemc. ModulationAmplitude modulationPhase modulationFrequency modulationPulse modulation30
31 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemd. NoiseExternal noiseInternal noiseNoise calculation and measurementsRadio interference31
32 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systeme. Radiation and Wave PropagationElectro Magnetic RadiationRadio SpectrumWave PropagationRadiation PatternsWavelength calculationsRadiation resistanceDiversity systems32
33 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemf. AntennasBasic considerationsWire Radiators in SpaceIsotropic RadiatorCurrent and Voltage DistributionResonant, non-resonant antennasTerms and definitionAntenna gain and resistanceBandwidth, beamwidth, polarizationEffects of ground on antennasGrounded, ungrounded antennas33
34 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemf. AntennasGrounding systemsAntenna heightDesign and applicationsMatching systemsImpedance CalculationsAntenna typesDirectional and non-directionalMicrowave AntennasWideband and Special Purpose Antennas34
35 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemg. Wire and Wireless CommunicationsSystemThe telephone setConnection and performanceExchange Area PlantLoop DesignTrunks in the Exchange PlantInsertion LossTraffic Calculations35
36 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemg. Wire and Wireless CommunicationsSystemReference Equivalent and StandardsTelephone networksSignaling, Billing, CAMA, ANIEcho, Singing and Design LossVia Net LossNetwork Hierarchy, Class TypeVF Repeaters36
37 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemg. Wire and Wireless CommunicationsSystemTransmission Considerations in Long Distance NetworkTelephone ExchangesPSTN, PABX, Line ConcentrationTelephone features-IDD, NDD,LECMobile CommunicationsCellular communication, trunk radio, radio paging system etc.37
38 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 1. Radio Communication Systemh. Microwave Communications andPrinciplesi. Basic Principles of various electronicssystemsElectro-optics, photonics/optoelectronicsElectromagneticsAvionics, aerospace/ navigational and military operationsMedical ElectronicsCyberneticsBiometrics38
39 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsa. Digital Communication NetworksBit and Binary TransmissionSignaling RateError ProbabilityDigital FilteringSwitchingPacket CircuitVertical CircuitOpen Systems Interconnection39
40 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsa. Digital Communication NetworksMultiplexing, Modulation and SynchronizationPulse Code modulationCompandingEncodingBandwidth and Signal to Noise RatioDelta ModulationSlope Overload40
41 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsa. Digital Communication NetworksAdaptive Delta ModulationCodes and ProtocolsError Detection and Correction CodesDigital Carrier SystemsFrequency Shift KeyingPhase Shift KeyingDifferential Phase Shift KeyingDC Nature of Data TransmissionLoops41
42 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsa. Digital Communication NetworksNeutral and PolarBinary Transmission and the Concept of TimeAsynchronous and SynchronousTimingDistortionBits, Band, WPMData Interface Standards42
43 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsa. Digital Communication NetworksData Input/Output DevicesDigital Transmission on Analog ChannelModulation-Demodulation Schemes ParametersCircuit ConditioningModem ApplicationsSerial and Parallel Transmission43
44 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsb. Fiber OpticsPrinciples of Light, TransmissionTypesLight Sources, Laser, LEDLight DetectorsModulation and Waveform44
45 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 2. Digital and Data Communications Systemsb. Fiber OpticsSystem DesignGeneral ApplicationDesign ProcedureDispersion Limited DomainSystem BandwidthSplicing Techniques45
46 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 3. Satellite , Broadcasting and Cable TVSystemsa. Satellite SystemThe Satellite SystemTypes of SatelliteSatellite OrbitUplink ConsiderationsDemand Assignment Multiple AccessAntenna Tracking46
47 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 3. Satellite , Broadcasting and Cable TVSystemsa. Satellite SystemSatellite Link BudgetsPath LossFigure of MeritRatio of Carrier to Thermal Noise PowerStation MarginVSAT47
48 IV. ELECTRONICS SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES (30%) 3. Satellite , Broadcasting and Cable TVSystemsb. Broadcasting and Cable TV systemsRadio Transmitter (AM, FM, Television )Studio (Microphone, Amplifiers, Cameras, Lighting, etc.)Cable Television48
49 ENCODING OF TEST QUESTIONS Using Diskettes, questions are encoded with PRC prepared questions and answers (Multiple Choice) format.Encoding maybe done by the Board Members themselves or they may bring it to PRC to be encoded by Encoders of the Commission.
50 ENTRY OF ENCODED QUESTIONS TO PRC DATA BANK / MACHINE All encoded questions are entered into the PRC data bank machine. Additional questions are merged with the remaining questions in the Board Member’s data bank.
51 EXTRACTION OF QUESTIONS TO BE GIVEN IN THE BOARD EXAM 100 questions are extracted from the Data Bank of the Board Member (BM),(except Math., only 50 questions are given), 2 or 3 days before the start of the Board Exam.PRC Data Bank Machine selects from the prepared Matrix of the BM , specifying how many Easy, Moderate and Difficult questions will be extracted from among the topics in his/her data bank.
52 EXTRACTION OF QUESTIONS TO BE GIVEN IN THE BOARD EXAM As a Security Measure, the password of the Commissioner is placed in the Diskette and the downloaded questions are in an encrypted form, readable only by PRC Machine.
53 QUESTIONS IN THE DISKETTES ARE SENT TO TEST SITES Diskette Custodians are sent to PRC Regional Offices where exams will be conducted or at test sites. For Manila exam, the PRBs stay in PRC Main Office.
54 QUESTIONS IN THE DISKETTES ARE SENT TO TEST SITES The night before the scheduled exam date, the diskette custodian, the PRC personnel who will sort, copy and prepare the reproduced test questions for delivery to different test sites, (arranged per classroom), will go to the CONDIDENTIAL ROOM or CONFI ROOM. They are joined by NBI and PNP representative and outside the door of the CONFI ROOM, PRC security guard and a PNP personnel stand on guard.
55 QUESTIONS IN THE DISKETTES ARE SENT TO TEST SITES The CONFI RM, is an air-conditioned room located at the Main and Regional Offices of PRC. It is a room with no windows, with one door, with kitchen, toilet and bedroom for the PRB members. It contains also working tables, papers, office supplies, computer, and printing and duplicating equipment. No means of communicating from inside the room to outside is allowed, but a there is a telephone located near the security guard outside the door.
56 QUESTIONS REPRODUCED INSIDE THE CONFI ROOM At about 8 pm, on the night before the start of exam, the diskettes are given to the NBI representative for inspection, to see if the seal is intact. Then, he signs the slip and hands over the diskette to the computer operator. The operator, together with the diskette custodian, go to the security guard outside the room and calls the office of the PRC Commissioner to get the PASSWORD of the Commissioner. Afterwards, they go back to the CONFI RM and download the test questions to be given the next day.
57 QUESTIONS REPRODUCED INSIDE THE CONFI ROOM After the test questions are reproduced, the Board Member in charge of the subject examines the printed questions and makes corrections if necessary. Then the Board Member calls all test sites to make the corrections. Only after the Board Member has called all test sites will the reproduction of all test questions start.
58 QUESTIONS REPRODUCED INSIDE THE CONFI ROOM If the exam is for two days, then the preparation of the questions for the 2nd day will be done the night before the next day. The same procedure will be followed. Nobody is allowed to leave the room, and no things will be allowed to be brought outside the room. Everybody will be allowed to leave the room only after 6 pm the next day.
59 ACTUAL EXAMINATION CONDUCTED Test questions are distributed to examinees, together with the Computer-Formatted ID Sheet and Answer Sheets. One Answer sheet per subject. Instructions are given and examination conducted. The ID sheets are collected and the complete set of questions together with the corresponding Answer Sheet is collected.
60 CORRECTION OF PAPERSThe collected questions are shredded on the test site, immediately after the examination. The answer sheets are placed in sealed envelopes and packed, to be brought back to PRC main office to be corrected the next working day upon receipt by the Rating Division.The answer sheets are first fed to the OMI reader. There are several OMI machines, that for about 3or 5 thousand sheets can be read in about 2 or 3 hours.
61 CORRECTION OF PAPERSThe next day, the BM submits the Computerized Answer Key, which is fed into the Machine, for consolidation with the answers read previously.Statistics are generated by the Machine, that prints out the Item by Item answers, with the corresponding percentage. The BM takes note of the statistic generated and conducts Item Analysis. Then the passing rate is determined from Mean Scores. This is done in all subjects, and finally, the passing rating per subject is determined.The correction of papers are watched by a representative from the NBI and is done solely at the Rating Division’s room.
62 CORRECTION OF PAPERSRatings - To pass the licensure examination, a candidate for ECE or ECT must obtain a passing rating of seventy percent (70%) in each of the four general subjects given during the examination.A candidate who obtains a passing rating in the three subjects, but obtains a rating in one subject below 70%, but not lower than 60%, shall be allowed to take one removal examination on the subject where he/she failed to obtain the passing rating.
63 RELEASE OF BOARD EXAMINATION RESULT On the third day, the ID Sheets are read by the OMI reader and merged with the result read from the previous day. Now, the scores and the name of the examinees are printed alphabetically. The machine also generates the list of the top 20 and all passers, and the School performance sheet.As soon as one of the Commissioners of PRC approves the result, the Official Ratings of all examinees are released. Typically, 2 to 3 days after start of correction, the result is released.
64 DO’S AND DON’T’S IN TAKING THE BOARD EXAMINATION
65 PREPARATION Do take the Board exam FULLY PREPARED Do brush-up on your MATHEMATICS, SCIENCES AND ENGLISHDo conduct review – especially on subjects included in board exam. The subjects are : Mathematics, Electronics Engineering, General Engineering and Applied Sciences
66 SELF-REVIEWDo refer to the SYLLABI for each subject given in Board Exams. It is found in the IRR of RA or the Electronics Engineering Law of 2004.Do look for your old notes, lectures, textbooks and other reference materials in your possession orDo visit libraries
67 SELF-REVIEWDo refer to past board questions to have an idea of how questions are formulated, but do not memorize the questions and answers, as the possibility that the same questions will be given is very remote.
68 ENROL IN REVIEW CENTERS – DO SELECT THE BEST Do ask the following questions:Who are the lecturers or who conducts the review classes?Do they have good facilities?What about their track record, for the past years, what was their percentage of passing ?
69 ENROL IN REVIEW CENTERS – DO SELECT THE BEST Do ask the opinions of other students who had experience with review centersDo ask the opinions of your mentors or professorsDo visit the office or the review center premise
70 WHEN REVIEWINGDo study the Subjects seriously. Read and understand the principle, concepts and solve the problems given in the reference materials.Do concentrate in your review and avoid distractions.
71 FILING OF APPLICATION FOR EXAMINATION AT PRC Do secure the form and all documentations and requirements from PRC.Do fill up the forms correctly and attach all necessary documents.Do pay the necessary fees at PRC
72 GETTING THE NOTICE OF ADMISSION Do secure the Notice of Admission after payment of fees.Do get the Instruction to Examinees and other guidelines from PRC. This instruction includes among others, the dress-code, type/model of allowable Calculators, ball-pens, pencil etc.
73 GETTING THE SCHOOL, BUILDING AND ROOM ASSIGNMENT Do get your school/college/university building and room assignment from PRC or if available, from the Web-site of PRC. This is available at PRC 2 or 3 days before the exam scheduled date.
74 GETTING THE SCHOOL, BUILDING AND ROOM ASSIGNMENT Do look for your school, building and room assignment immediately, as it is oftentimes difficult to locate the room, especially if you are not familiar with the school.
75 GETTING THE SCHOOL, BUILDING AND ROOM ASSIGNMENT Do get the scheduled date of each Subject, so you will know which will be given on what date
76 GETTING THE SCHOOL, BUILDING AND ROOM ASSIGNMENT DO GET ENOUGH SLEEP, ONE WEEK OR MORE TIME BEFORE YOU TAKE YOUR EXAM. YOU SHOULD HAVE AT LEAST 7 HOURS OF SLEEP NIGHTLY.
77 ON THE DAY OF THE EXAMINATION Do wake up early, eat a light breakfast, and be sure that you leave your house early enough to reach your ROOM at least 30 minutes before 6:30 o’clock AM.
78 ON THE DAY OF THE EXAMINATION Do check for the things you are supposed to bring in the exam room, such as Notice of Admission, School ID, calculators, ball pens, pencils etc.Do report to your room assignment.
79 DURING THE ACTUAL TAKING OF THE BOARD EXAM Do listen to the instructions given by the PROCTORS/WATCHERS.Do follow the instructions carefully.Do asks questions if you need further clarifications, to the proctors/watchers.
80 DURING THE ACTUAL TAKING OF THE BOARD EXAM Do check the exam papers handed to you. See if the Questionnaires, the Answer Sheets, the ID sheets are complete.Do read the instructions carefully, and answer them diligently.
81 DURING THE ACTUAL TAKING OF THE BOARD EXAM Do answer all questions. Do submit all exam papers – complete question sheets, answer sheets and scratch papers.
82 DON’T’S IN TAKING THE BOARD EXAMINATION DO NOT TAKE THE BOARD EXAM UNPREPAREDDO NOT TAKE FOR GRANTED, YOUR REVIEW (whether it is self-review or thru Review Centers).
83 DON’T’S IN TAKING THE BOARD EXAMINATION DO NOT MIX YOUR REVIEW STUDIES WITH DISTRACTIONS SUCH AS:1) Gimmicking2) Texting, courting using cellphone3) Quarreling with girl/boy friends4) Going to social fuctions/ activities,movies, Ballgames5) Playing video games, browsing, chattingin the Internet
84 DON’T’S IN TAKING THE BOARD EXAMINATION DO NOT RELY ON LEAKAGE SUPPOSEDLY COMING FROM REVIEW CENTERS, WHICH IS WHY SOME STUDENTS ENROL IN REVIEW CENTERS.
85 FILING OF APPLICATION FOR EXAMINATION AT PRC DO NOT WRITE FALSE INFORMATION IN THE APPLICATION FORMSDO NOT ATTACH FRAUDULENT DOCUMENTS
86 ON THE DAY OF THE EXAMINATION DO NOT FORGET THE DATE AND TIME OF THE EXAMDO NOT FORGET TO WAKE UP EARLYDO NOT FORGET TO EAT A LIGHT BREAKFASTDO NOT FORGET TO BRING THE THINGS YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO BRING WITH YOU IN THE EXAM SITE
87 ON THE DAY OF THE EXAMINATION DO NOT FORGET YOUR BUILDING AND ROOM ASSIGNMENTDO NOT BE LATE. REMEMBER ONLY 30 MINUTES TARDINESS IS ALLOWED.DO NOT DISOBEY INSTRUCTIONSDO NOT CHEAT/COPY FROM OTHERSDO NOT TAKE OUT EXAM QUESTIONS.
88 ON THE DAY OF THE EXAMINATION DO NOT FORGET TO PRAY
89 Board of Electronics Engineering END OF PRESENTATIONTHANK YOUEngr. Joel B. BajadorMemberBoard of Electronics EngineeringJuly 9, 2011SCHEDULE OF EXAMS: OCTOBER 29 & 30, 2011