Presentation on theme: "Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World"— Presentation transcript:
1 Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World “Disaster Management in India”Need for Partnership of the State, Community&the Corporate WorldSAFE 2010 : International Conference on Internal Security29 JULY 2010K.M. SinghMember, NDMA
2 CONTENTS Disasters Trend. Disaster Management Framework. National Vision and Strategy.NDRF and Civil DefenceTasks Accomplished.Ongoing Activities and Major Initiatives.Corporate Social ResponsibilityConclusion.
4 NATURAL DISASTERS REPORTED: 1975-2008 Number of Disasters Reported 550Number of Disasters Reported5004504003503002502001501005019751980198519901995200020052008
5 DISASTER LOSSES IN THE RICHEST AND POOREST NATIONS (1985-99) Source: UNISDR 2004, adapted from Munich Re 1999.
6 TOTAL AMMOUNT OF DISASTER DAMAGE BETWEEN 1991 AND 2000 IN MILLIONS OF $ US 11, (1 %)OCEANIA2, (0 %)1,64, (21 %)AFRICAASIAEUROPE4,00, (52 %)2,04, (26 %)AMERICA
7 VULNERABILITY PROFILE OF INDIA 58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity.Of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis (75%).Over 40 million hectares (12 per cent of land) is prone to floods and river erosion.Hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches.68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought.
9 SALIENT FEATURES – DM ACT, 2005 APPROACHParadigm Shift from Response Centric to a Holistic and Integrated Approach.Backed by – Institutional Framework and Legal Authority.Supported by Financial Mechanism, Creation of new Funds, i.e., Response Fund and Mitigation Fund.DM STRUCTURENDMA set up as the Apex Body with Hon’ble PM as Chairperson.DM Structure – At all three levels i.e. National, State (CMs as Chairpersons) and District (District Magistrates as Chairpersons and Chairman of Zila Parishads as Co-Chairpersons).NEC and SECs to assist these Authorities at different levels.National Disaster Response Force (NDRF).National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM).
10 MANDATEResponsible for Management of all Natural & Man-made Disasters.Lay down Policy and Guidelines.Approve National Disaster Management (DM) Plan and DM Plans ofMinistries & Departments.Coordinate enforcement and implementation of policy and plans.Operationalize a Specialized Response Force.
12 NATIONAL VISION AND STRATEGY “To build A SAFE AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology-driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and efficient response.”STRATEGYA multi-dimensional Strategy, focusing on –Pre-disaster Phase:Prevention.Mitigation.Preparedness.Capacity Building (NDRF, SDRF, CD, NCC, NYKS etc).Community based Disaster Management (including Public Awareness).Post-disaster Phase:Prompt and Efficient Response – Proactive.Reconstruction and Recovery (Building back better).
14 NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE (DEDICATED FORCE FOR DM) Composition.Existing : 8 Bns.Approved : 10 Bns.Tasks.Specialized Response during disasters.Assist in Community Training & Preparedness.Impart basic and operation level training to State Disaster Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards).Proactive Deployment during impending disaster situations.Liaison, Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills.Equipment.Inflatable Boats Available : 576 (72x8) + 48 (6x8) = 624.BAUTS ordered : 288 (36x8).National Reserve : Inflatable: BAUTS: 120 = 600.Availability of Boats with 10 BNs –912.1512.1740.
15 NDRF BNS – LOCATIONS Two more Battalions Approved. PATNA BHATINDA BHUBANESHWAR(Mundali)GHAZIABADGUWAHATIKOLKATAVADODARAVIJAYAWADAPUNE(Talegaon)CHENNAI(Arakkonam)LEGENDBNsCBRN BNsNew RaisingsTwo more Battalions Approved.
16 Deployed 75 Times – 19 States. NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCERescue Operations and Community Sensitized by NDRF.People Rescued in Floods.: 1.35 Lakhs.People Sensitized for Disaster Response.: 6.56 Lakhs.Training of Instructors (State Disaster Response Forces).: 205 (23 States).Deployed 75 Times – 19 States.Rescue During Cyclone Aila, WEST BENGALRescue During Pawna River Floods, PUNENDRF Community Training, BIHAR, June – July 2008
17 VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL NDMA POSITIONS ITSELFVISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVELNDRF in ActionKOSI FLOODSAUGUST 08SAR OPERATION AT BELLARY,KARNATAKA,JANUARY 2010AP & KARNATAKA FLOODSOCT 09LANDSLIDE RESCUE, DARJEELING, JUN 09
18 NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL School SafetyJVM School, Bellary, KARNATAKA,17 Jun 09Mata Jai Kaur Public School, NEW DELHI,05 May 09MOCK EXERCISES IN SCHOOLS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE COUNTRYGovt. Inter College, Dhela, Ramnagar,UTTARAKHAND09 Apr 09Amity International School, GURGAON, 29 Apr 09Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. Institute,BARAMULLA, 18 March 2010
19 NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL CBRN EMERGENCIESMayapuri, Delhi (Cobalt 60) : Identification & Disposal of Radiological sourcesMumbai : Neutralising leaking Chlorine Gas cylindersUnderwayCBRN Security –Commonwealth GamesNDMA made responsible for CBRNSecurity Plan for CommonwealthGames.Plan handed over on 06 Nov 2009.NDMA made responsible forconceptualizing ParliamentHouse Security Plan.Our Plan approved by JPC.Parliament Security
20 UPGRADATION OF CIVIL DEFENCE Civil Defence to be District centric rather than Town centric Organization (Voluntary basis).Revamping of CD in 100 Districts in terms of purchase of equipment and transport – as part of Pilot Project.Upgradation of 20 existing CD Training Institutes and construction of 10 new Training Institutes.Rs. 100 Cr. approved by the Government for Revamping of the Civil Defence (Pilot Project).
21 12 States Already Done. Under Active Progress. Already Included. NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURESAdvocacy with Central Ministries and States to Enact/ Amend –Zoning/ Building Regulations andCodes.12 States Already Done.EducationHitherto confined to Schools only.Now to encompass entire Higher/ Technical Education.All Undergraduate Courses.Medical.Engineering.Architecture.Agriculture. :A Committee with Addl Secy MoHRD as the Chairperson with representatives of UGC, AICTE, etc has been formed.Under Active Progress.Already Included.
22 IAS and Central Services, – LBSNAA, Mussoorie : 211. NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURESSensitization of Functionaries (DM Capsules as Part of Training) – 2009.IAS and Central Services, – LBSNAA, Mussoorie :and MCR HRD Institute, Hyderabad.IPS – NPA, Hyderabad (18 Courses). :Total. :Sensitization of Corporate Executives. :
25 Approved by the Government on 22 Oct 09. TASKS ACCOMPLISHEDNational Policy on Disaster Management (DM) –Approved by the Government on Oct 09.GuidelinesIssued15Guidelines for NIDM’s Functioning.13 Apr 06.Recommendations on Revamping of CD & Fire Services.Dec 06.Earthquakes.16 May 07.Chemical (Industrial) Disasters.28 May 07.Formulation of State DM Plans.16 Aug 07.Medical Preparedness and Mass Casualty Management.14 Nov 07.Floods.17 Jan 08.
26 Guidelines on Pandemic Preparedness Beyond Health. 22 Apr 08. TASKS ACCOMPLISHEDGuidelines on Pandemic Preparedness Beyond Health.22 Apr 08.Cyclones.24 Apr 08.Biological.22 Aug 08.Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies (Unclassified, Part – I).24 Feb 09.Guidelines for Disaster Response Training at the Centre & States – NDRF & SDRFs.Mar 09.Landslides & Snow Avalanches.23 Jun 09.Chemical Terrorism Disasters.04 Aug 09.Psycho Social and Mental Health Care.20 Jan 10.
28 Guidelines – Under Finalization. ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVESGuidelines – Under Finalization.Incident Response SystemLATER IN 2010.Curriculum for Training of Civil Defence.Tsunami.Nuclear – Radiological – Part II (Classified.)Drought.Community Based Disaster Management.National Guidelines on Communication & Information Network.Urban Flooding.Minimum Standards of Relief.Management of the Dead.Micro Finance & Risk Insurance.Role of NGOs in Disaster Management.Post Disaster Reconstruction.Protection of Cultural Heritage & Monuments.Training Curriculum for Civil Defence.Fire Services.Being Released on 21 July 2010.
29 Mitigation Projects (Under Preparation) ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVESMitigation Projects (Under Preparation)Cyclones.World Bank Project : Rs Cr. (308.6 Million US $).Phase – I : States (Finally 13 States/ UTs).Approval by the World Bank received.Project being launched shortly.Earthquakes.EFC Note Submitted to the Govt.Pilot Project for School Safety.Case under consideration by the Govt.National Disaster Information and CommunicationNetwork.DPR Completed.Process for Preparation of DPRs in Progress.Landslides.Floods.Medical Preparedness.Creation of National Disaster Response Reserves(for 400,000 Personnel, including 150,000 Personnelfor Hilly Terrain).Proposal with the Govt. for Approval.
30 Over 15.0 Lakhs. Mock Exercises (Districts & Schools) ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDINGMock Exercises (Districts & Schools)Conducted so far.180 (including 80 Schools/ Colleges).Community and First Responders :Sensitized/ Trained.Over 15.0 Lakhs.States/ UTs Covered –35.Districts Covered – 84.Exercises Conducted on – all Natural Disasters, Fire, Man-made Disasters and School Safety.Delhi Metro, 26 March 2010Flood, Bellary, 14 Sep 2009Cyclone, Porbander, 19 Jun 09
31 : 2.03 Lakhs. Chemical (Industrial) Disasters. ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDINGChemical (Industrial) Disasters.Exercises.: 26.Major Accident Hazard (MAH) Units Exercised.: 49.MAH Industries Sensitized.: 120.On Site Workers Participated.: 79,700.Off-Site People Sensitized.: 2.03 Lakhs.On-Site Plans Prepared.: 1833 (Out of 1866 in 304 Districts) – 98%.Off-Site Plans Prepared.: 171 (For Remaining – Work in Progress).IOCL PANIPAT, HARYANA, 21 MAY 2010SURAT, HAZIRA, GUJARAT, 28 MARCH 2008
32 NCC Training at Hyderabad ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING9.Training of Students and Youth.Training of Students.: 60,800 (Including 2,527 Teachers).NCC.: 82,300.NSS.:NYKS.:Much more underway.NCC Training at HyderabadNSS Training at Pune
34 Over and above Army Mobile Field Hospitals. MEDICAL PREPAREDNESSMobile Field Hospitals.Mobile Field Hospitals in pipeline – 5(MHA – 03 and MoH&FW – 02).Ambulance Services.In Partnership with GVK EMRI – 12 States .Already functional – 10 States (Total 2,593 Ambulances) (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand).Supported through funding from Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (NRHM).Trauma Centres.2 – Trauma Centres are already working in Delhi.1 – 200 bed Trauma Centre now under construction in Chandigarh.As part of Hospitals – Major Cities in Southern India.Over and above Army Mobile Field Hospitals.+Air Force – 01.
36 Training of PRI/ ULB Representatives. : 12,375 (225 Per District). CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES1.Capacity Building Project (in Partnership with IGNOU) and Ministry of Rural Development.States.: 11.IGNOUDistricts.: 55.Training of PRI/ ULB Representatives.: 12,375 (225 Per District).Training of Government Functionaries.: 4,125 (75 Per District).
37 CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES Partnership with Corporate Sector through Corporate Social Responsibility and Public Private Partnership.VC has written to CEOs of all major Business Houses.Positive response.Modalities being finalized with help of IIM Ahmedabad.FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM, PHD Chamber of Commerce and NASSCOM etc. being consulted.Through interaction with States.Corporate Disaster Resource Network – Established (with AidMatrix).70 Schools with GMR in Srikakulum District in Andhra Pradesh from 19 July 2010.
38 Areas of Activities Under CSR : NDMA’s Vision :School Safety ProjectsCyclone/ Flood SheltersAmbulance ServicesMobile HospitalsHeli AmbulancesEnhancing ‘Fire Services’ CapacityEncouraging/ assisting Civil DefencePublic Awareness (Media/ Workshops)NDMA’s Vision
39 Dept of Public Enterprise : April 9, 2010 Areas of Activities Under CSR : DM RelatedDept of Public Enterprise : April 9, 2010DM Activities : Amelioration/ MitigationConstruction of Community CentresRelief to victims of Natural CalamitiesPollution ControlSanitation & Public HealthActivities towards preservation of Environment/Ecology & to sustainable Development
40 CPSE : CSR Budget (Dept of Pub. Enterprises) FundingCPSE : CSR Budget (Dept of Pub. Enterprises)Type of CPSEs(Net Profit (Prev. Year)Exp. Range in a Fin. Year(% of Profit)Less than Rs.100 Cr.3% - 5%100 Cr to 500 Cr20% to 30%500 Cr above0.5% to 2%Unspent money to be transferred to non-lapsable pool
41 CONCLUSION Role of Govt in D.M: Primary & Substantial Cannot be standalone effort of GovtNeed for an inclusive approachCreate space for all stakeholdersCorporate Sector : Vast experience & proven abilityPPP will improve pace & quality of DM