Presentation on theme: "Returning Tests Double check my math"— Presentation transcript:
1 Returning Tests Double check my math Let me know if I missed any bonus points you earnedDO NOT throw your test awayYour midterm will be made up of the exact same questions
2 Making Up Points For example: If you wish to regain credit for missed questions on your exam you must:Rewrite or retype the questions you missed on a loose-leaf piece of paper with the correct answerMust be turned in at the beginning of next class in handFor example:Question: What is a faction?Correct answer: a coalition of like-minded people
3 Warm Up What is an amendment? Why do we have amendments? How many amendments do we have?What are our first 10 Amendments?
5 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights Tradition of a Bill of RightsMagna Carta- 1215English Bill of Rights- 1689List of rights given to the people by the government which they cannot take away
6 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights Amendments- changes/additions to our Constitution which allow our government to adapt over timeThe list of Amendments to our Constitution can be found at the end of the ConstitutionPage 148Over the 220 years that the Constitution has been in power there has been 27 Amendments added to the Constitution
7 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights The Amendment Process- a difficult 2-step process that requires a proposal at the national level and ratification (approval) at the state levelA Proposal can happen 1 of 2 ways:1. Proposed by Congress with support of 2/3 of both houses***All 27 Amendments have happened this way***2. Proposed by a National Convention called by 2/3 of state legislatures***This has never happened***Ratification can happen 1 of 2 ways:1. Approved by ¾ of all state legislatures***This has been the case for 26 Amendments***2. Approved by ¾ of special state conventions***This has happened for 1 Amendment***
10 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights The United States’ Bill of Rights is our Constitution’s First 10 AmendmentsThe First 10 Amendments were written as a compromise between the Federalists and Anti-FederalistsFederalists promised to add a Bill of Rights if the Constitution was ratified
11 11/8 Warm UpWhat is a right?What are the 3 categories that we divide the Bill of Rights into?What are 3 of the personal freedoms you have guaranteed to you by the Bill of Rights?
12 6.2 Adding the Bill of Rights Right- protection that a citizen has against the government3 Categories in our Bill of Rights:1. Individual freedoms2. Protections against government abuse of power3. Rights of citizens accused of crimes
13 6.2 Bill of Rights 1st Amendment- Individual Freedoms Freedom of ReligionEstablishment Clause- separation of church and stateFreedom of SpeechSpeak and write. Including symbolic speechFreedom of the PressPapers and TV stations may publicize whatever they wantFreedom of AssemblyProtests or picketingFreedom of PetitionLetters, s, phone calls to Politicians
14 6.2 Bill of Rights2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Amendment- Protections Against Government Abuse of Power2nd- Right to Bear ArmsMilitia and the right to defend themselves3rd- QuarteringMilitary cannot use your house to sleep soldiers4th- Search and SeizureGovernment/Police cannot search your property without warrant or probable cause5th- Eminent DomainGovernment may take your property for public use (Ohio River Bridges). Government must pay appropriate price however
15 6.2 Bill of Rights5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th- Protections of those Accused of Crimes aka Due Process5th AmendmentRight to Silence, a person must be accused by a jury, and Double Jeopardy6th AmendmentSpeedy Trial, Public Trial, Trial by Jury, Right to a lawyer, Habeas Corpus, and a person must know what they are accused of7th AmendmentPermits a trial by jury as long as value in dispute exceeds $208th AmendmentFair treatment to those being held- bails, cruel and unusual punishment
16 6.2 Bill of Rights 9th Amendment 10th Amendment- Reserved Powers Citizen’s rights are not limited to the above amendments10th Amendment- Reserved PowersThe states have all powers not listed in the Constitution
17 On a blank sheet of paper with a partner Research a Supreme Court Case from the list below: and answer the following questions:1. Name of the Case and the Year2. What Amendment is involved and how is that Amendment is involved3. Explain the issue or the situation. Why is there a case going on?4. What are BOTH sides of the argument. What do both sides use as a defense/argument?5. How did the Supreme Court rule? What was the number of justices for and against? Which side did they support and how did they justify their ruling?6. Do you agree with this ruling? Why or why not?7. Do you think this ruling gives you more or less freedom? (AKA does it restrict your freedoms or extend your freedoms?)
18 Supreme Court Case Options Collins v. SmithEmployment Division v. SmithSchenck v, USTexas v. JohnsonNear v. MinnesotaNew York Times v. SullivanMcCreary County v. ACLU of KentuckyMiranda v. ArizonaGideon v. WainwrightKorematsu v. USRoe v. WadePaul Jennings Hill Trial
19 13-15th Amendment 13th Amendment- 14th Amendment- 15th Amendment- Freed all slaves14th Amendment-Guaranteed equal rights to all citizens under the law15th Amendment-Allowed all male citizens the right to vote
20 6.1 Adding the Bill of Rights Why is the Amendment process so difficult?What is the difference between a National Convention and Congress?What is the difference between State Legislatures and State Conventions?What is the only Amendment to be ratified in state conventions instead of state legislatures?Why was this Amendment Ratified in this way?Draw a Graphic Organizer representing the Amendment Process
21 Important Supreme Court Cases involving the Bill of Rights Choose 2 cases and answer the questionsMapp v. OhioSchenck v. United StatesMiller v. CaliforniaErznoznik v. JacksonvilleTexas v. JohnsonMcCleskey v. KempJacobson v. USUS v. Montoya de HernandezEngel v. VitaleLemon v. KurtzmanEmployment Division v. SmithNear v. MinnesotaNew York Times v. USCollins v. SmithNAACP v. AlabamaPaul Jennings HillWhat was his argument?