Presentation on theme: "FAMILY VIOLENCE: DEFINITIONS AND ISSUES I. FAMILY VIOLENCE Socially constructed Pivotal issues or cases define the phenomena and legislative change There."— Presentation transcript:
I. FAMILY VIOLENCE Socially constructed Pivotal issues or cases define the phenomena and legislative change There is a continuum of violence
II. Physical Child Abuse and Neglect Maltreatment of children goes back to ancient times Children are property: Spare the rod, spoil the child First court case of child abuse: Case of Mary Ellen (1874) Kempe et al. (1962) defined child abuse as a clinical condition, battered child syndrome
III. Child Sexual Abuse Maps onto the Previous Movements Protection of Children Against Sexual Exploitation Act (1978) Child Sexual Abuse and Pornography Act (1986)
IV. Intimate Partner Violence Early marriage laws gave men the legal right to hit their wives (Rule- of -Thumb) First spousal abuse law: 1870 First Shelter for battered women and children: Haven House (1964) Violence Against Women Act: (1995) Marital Rape: First successful conviction (1979)
VI. Elder Abuse One of the last forms of violence to be identified- 1980s Late 1980s: mandatory reporting laws for elders
VIII. Themes of Abuse Issues of power and control Issues of ownership Growing awareness of family violence in the 1970s and 1980s Cultural sanctions or prohibitions of family violence determine its prevalence
IX. Myths of Family Violence Family Violence is Rare Only poor people are violence Abused children always become abusive parents Battered women ask for it; Women who are raped on a date were asking for it.
I. Definition of Child Maltreatment Child abuse and neglect or child maltreatment is the physical or mental injury, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or maltreatment of a child under the age of 18 by a person who is responsible for the child's welfare. The child's health or welfare is harmed or threatened by these actions.
II. Prevalence of Child Physical Abuse Official Statistics: Aggregates CPS reports across the 50 states 3 million children were reported in 1995 1/3 (996,000) were substantiated Majority were child neglect (54%), 25% were physical abuse Surveys of discipline and conflict resolution Gallup poll ; 5% of children or 3 million met criteria for physical abuse
III. Issues related to reporting differences Definitional Issues Vary Caseworkers are very busy Physical abuse tends to get less attention Poorer people tend to get identified more readily
IV. Definition of Child Physical Abuse Nonaccidental use of force by a parent or other caretaker that results in the child's pain, bodily injury, impairment, or death.
VIII. At Risk Children Unwanted children who resemble someone the parent dislikes Poverty, family size, and other aspects of a stressful environment Family stressors Parents who have rigid attitudes about parenting Substance abuse within the family No Single Profile for a child abuse