Presentation on theme: "Literature museum in Yasnaya Polyana School after L. Tolstoy."— Presentation transcript:
Literature museum in Yasnaya Polyana School after L. Tolstoy
Our school literature museum Tolstoy, but this museum is like no other one in Moscow, Yasnaya Polyana and Astapovo. It has its own features and traditions. The museum has the information of Tolstoys life which isnt known somewhere else. Photo : Galina Pirogova (1917 – 2003) The founder of the school literature museum. Our school literature museum was opened in 1979, on the 20th of October. Its devoted to Leo Nickolaevich
Nowadays, the expositions of the museum are the following: Leo Tolstoy and Yasnaya Polyana, Makovitsky, Tolstoys friend and sympathizer; Lyapunov, the peasant poet; the exposition, devoted to the first excursion of Tula workers children to Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana in 1907; Alexandra Tolstaya, the founder and the first director of our school; the changeable exposition; the gifts and souvenirs, given to the museum; painter Rossinsky; Tatyana Albertini, the favourite granddaughter of Leo Tolstoy. Our school literature museum
The school museum is connected with the state museums of our country and sends them exhibits. For example, about 50 exhibits are sent to the State museum of Tolstoy in Moscow, about 700 ones are sent to the museum of Yasnaya Polyana, and 1120 exhibits have been sent to Tula Regional Archives. The museum has more than 1500 original exhibits. In 1989 our museum got the certificate An Outstanding School Museum.
The opening exposition tells about the connection of L. Tolstoy and the peasants of Yasnaya Polyana. The descendants of the peasants who knew and saw L. Tolstoy study at our school till modern days: Makarov, Zyabrev, Vlasov, Lyapunov. Tolstoy and the peasants of Yasnaya Polyana
Makovitsky This shop window illustrates the pictures which prove the great friendship between Leo Tolstoy and the doctor Makovitsky. Makovitsky was a Slovakian by nationality. He was a personal doctor of Tolstoy family. He was a very kind person and when the peasants from Yasnaya Polyana asked him for help he cured them. This care was free of charge. For his help the peasants called him lovely Our Soul. In this picture you can see his wife and daughter. This is his niece.
10 years after Tolstoys death Makovitsky left Yasnaya Polyana for Chechoslovakia. He lived in the town of Rozhemberok and died there. This is the picture of his tomb. The delegations from our school visited this place many times. In 1973 the members of the museum wrote letters to the nephew of Makovitsky and met with him. They found two volumes of the book The Foundation of the XIX -th century written by Charles Huston published in Munich in 1907 in a German language. There were many notes made by Leo Tolstoy & Dushan Makovitsky. In 1974 at the holiday ceremony devoted to Tolstoys birthday these two books were given back to the State Museum of Yasnaya Polyana. Now they take their place in the bookcase No 3 in the House of Tolstoy.
This exposition tells about the peasant poet Vyatcheslav Lyapunov. Vyatcheslav Lyapunov
This is his self portrait painted about 100 years ago. Leo Tolstoy helped him to publish his poems. In these pictures you can see the wife of Lyapunov, their house in the village of Yasnaya Polyana, their relatives, many of whom studied at our school. Vyatcheslav Lyapunov
This explosition is devoted to the excursion of Tula workers children to Leo Tolstoy. The children called Leo Tolstoy Our grandfather. This excursion took place on the 26-th of June 1907. It was the first children excursion to Tolstoy. It was organized by an outstanding person of that time Ariy Davydovich Rotnitskiy who loved children greatly. Ariy Davydovich Rotnitskiy
Here you can see his photo. It was given to our museum by the wife of Rotnitskiy. This journey has become an unforgettable event in the life of nearly 1000 children. Ariy Davydovich Rotnitskiy
This display contains much information about the youngest daughter of Leo Tolstoy Alexander Tolstaya. A.L. Tolstaya has built a new school for Yasnaya Polyana children in 1928. The grand ceremony of the school opening took place on the 12th of September 1928 and it was devoted to the 100th anniversary of her fathers birthday. This school has become a monument to the great Russian writer L. Tolstoy. A.L. Tolstoy
А. L. Tolstay was the first director of this school. In this display you see the photos of A. L. Tolstay: with her family, in the front of the 1 World War, where she was a nurse and was awarded three Georgian Orders.The second display tells about Alexandra Lvovna Tolstays activity as a leader of the State Museum of L. Tolstoy in Yasnaya Polyana and as a director of our school. A.L. Tolstoy
We are very proud of these two shop-windows because all the exhibits are original and they are collected by the founder of this museum Galina Pirogova and her pupils. All of them are sent by A. L. Tolstaya from the USA. In 1929 A. L. Tolstaya went to Japan to give lectures about her father. But due to some circumstances she has never returned to Russia again. A.L. Tolstoy
After lecturing she emigrated to America and organized the Tolstoy Foundation there. In 1975 Galina Pirogova decided to contact with A. L. Tolstaya and to write the first letter to her. They told her about the school and the pupils, about the life in Yasnaya Polyana and asked her some questions concerning school. On the 15th of February 1976 they received the letter from A. L. Tolstaya. A.L. Tolstoy
This book is written by A.L.Tolstaya. It is taken from the Tolstoy Foundation and sent to our museum. Its personally signed by Alexandra Tolstaya.
V.I. Rossinsky In 1970 the active members of the literary museum began to collect materials about the painter V.I. Rossinsky, who was acquainted with T.L. Tolstaya, the daughter of Leo Tolstoy. He was a creator of the album Tolstoys Leaving Home and His Death. This work has been lasting for nearly 30 years.
The result of this research work was the following. All the materials were sent to the Scientific- Research Institute of the Fine Arts Theory and History. Later we were Informed that this valuable information was published in the dictionary The Painters of the USSR. V.I. Rossinsky
The result of this research work was the following. All the materials were sent to the Scientific-Research Institute of the Fine Arts Theory and History. Later we were informed that this valuable information was published in the dictionary The Painters of the USSR. V.I. Rossinsky
T.M. Albertiny This stand is about T.M.Albertiny – she was the most favorite grandaughter of the great Russian writer Leo Tolstoy. Leo Tolstoy called her Tanya or Tanechka. In her youth T. Albertiny left Russia for Italy. She married a famous Italian lawyer. Being a citizen of Italy T. Albertiny has never forgotten about her motherland.
The mail between T. Albertiny and the pupils of our school has been lasting for twenty years. On the twenty fifth of June nineteen seventy nine T. Albertiny visited our school, examined our school exposition and approved it. Thats why T. Albertiny is considered to be the god mother of our literature museum. T.M. Albertiny
Questions Was our excursion interesting for you? Have you got to know anything interesting for yourselves? Are there any schools in your country, named after your great writers? Are Tolstoys works learnt by schoolchildren in your country nowadays? Are there any such school museums like our one in your country? Telephone for information (7-487-51) 76-4-36, 76-4- 40 - Svetlana Perepetchina is the leader of the school literature museum nowadays. Address: Yasen69@mail.ru