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Presentation on theme: "AHMAD SUHAIRI BIN MOHAMED SUHAIMI P64321"— Presentation transcript:

Investigating Politeness in Spoken Language: Students’ Inquisition Towards Lecturers AHMAD SUHAIRI BIN MOHAMED SUHAIMI P64321

2 Background of Study Some cultures stress on politeness when they communicate with other people Sometimes, words chose by students do not much reflect their politeness Impoliteness can lead to communication breakdown

3 Statement of Problem Bayles (2009), she stated that Brown and Levinson (1987) stressed that politeness is important. Yule (2008) - awareness Unable to save face – leads to Face Threatening Acts (FTAs) Impoliteness – affect teaching and learning process (Bacha, Bahous and Diab, 2012)

4 Purpose of Study To find out the existence of politeness during inquisition process among students and lecturers To find out the differences between strategies used To find out how Brown and Levinson’s theories related to the strategies used by students

5 Research Questions What are the politeness markers identified when students ask their lecturers? What are the differences between male and female politeness strategies? How are Brown and Levinson’s politeness strategies related with students’ politeness during inquisition process?

6 Review of Literature Politeness Markers
All language possess politeness markers (Ardila, 2008) Negative politeness – hedging – introduces several different categories of politeness markers. Politeness markers used by male were roughly equal to female (Hobbs, 2003)

7 Gender Bacha, Bahous and Diab (2012),focusing on gender and politeness in foreign language academic context As cited in Bacha, Bahous and Diab (2012) - Lakoff (1975) – Women used more indirect request than male

8 Brown and Levinson Politeness Strategies
Bacha, Bahous and Diab (2012), they stated that Mao (1994) criticized the theory Kitamura (2000) concluded that the Brown and Levinson politeness theory can be a powerful tool to analyze politeness

9 Methodology Qualitative study

10 Selection of sampling 6-8 participants Convenience sampling

11 Data Analysis Conversation Analysis Students will be interviewed
Audio recorded will be transcribed – Jefferson Notation Theory

12 References Ardila, J. A. G Metapragmatic First- Order Politeness In Peninsula Spanish. University of Edinburgh: Britain Bacha, N. N, Bahous, R. & Diab, R. L Gender and Politeness in a Foreign Language Academic Context. Bayles, R An Investigation into politeness, small talk and gender. Vol 1: The University of Nothingham. Hobbs, P The medium is the message: politeness strategies in men’s and women’s voice mail messages. University of California: Los Angeles Kitamura, N Adapting Brown and Levinson’s ‘politeness’ theory to the analysis of casual conversation. School of European, Asian & Middle Eastern Languages & Studies. University of Sydney: Australia Svarova, J Politeness Markers in Spoken Languge. Masaryk University Brno


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