2 What is Social Studies?The study of how people over time have interacted with each other and their environment.In social studies, we have “five strands” of social studies. A strand is an area of study.
3 Five Strands (or pieces) to the Social Studies Puzzle They are…GeographyCultureHistoryEconomicsGovernment
4 Geography The study of people, places and the environment Physical features: Continents, oceans, and landformsLongitude & LatitudeGeographyPolitical features: countries & citiesClimate: weather over a period of timeThe study of people, places and the environment
5 Art & RecreationReligion & TraditionsCultureFood, Dress, & GreetingsLanguageThe beliefs, customs, laws, art, and ways of living of a group of people.
6 History A record of the past We learn history from 2 sources: Primary source: document, person, or object from the actual timeSecondary source: document, person, or object that interprets or analyzes primary sourcesEvents that changed the way people live todayHistoryPeople who changed societyA record of the past
7 Personal freedomCitizen participationGovernmentType of governmentStructure of the governmentThe people and groups within a society that have the authority to make laws, to make sure they carried out, and to settle disagreements about them.
8 Economic systems: traditional, market, command, and mixed Natural, Capital, and Human resourcesEconomicsTrade barriers, money, exchange ratesEntrepreneursThe study of how people manage their scarce (limited) resources by producing, exchanging, and using goods and services.
10 Geography How does where you live affect how you live? How does the physical geography and climate affect how people live, work, and travel?What are the physical and political features of a region?How have humans changed the environment?
11 CultureHow does cultural diffusion change the region in which you live?What is the belief system of the people and how does it affect the region?How does language affect the region?How does local culture affect the traditions of the region?
12 History How does the past shape the present? How have people and events changed society?How have influences of other, more powerful countries, affected countries today?What factors caused European countries to colonize the world?
13 Government How does citizen satisfaction impact the government? How much can a citizen participate in their government?Who has the power to make laws and policies for a nation?How many levels does the government have? (national, regional, and local)
14 Economics What factors influence a country’s standard of living? Who decides what, how, and for whom things are made? (gov’t, people, traditions)What is the role of entrepreneurs in the economy?How does free and restricted trade affect countries?