Presentation on theme: "Communicating Effectively in the Workplace"— Presentation transcript:
1 Communicating Effectively in the Workplace LearnActGrowCommunicating Effectively in the Workplace
2 Agenda 7 Barriers to Great Communication 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively6 Basics Rules for Successful Presentations8 Guidelines to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace
3 7 Barriers to Great Communication 1. Physical BarrierOver 90% of communication is non-verbalFacial Expressions, Tone of Voice, and Body LanguageIf you prominently make use of the phone and to communicate with co-workers, there is an obvious strain on understanding the intent of communication
4 7 Barriers to Great Communication 2. Perceptual BarrierEach of us view the world differentlyTherefore, we will view both people and their communications in different ways
5 7 Barriers to Great Communication 3. Emotional BarrierEmotional Barriers to communication are mainly comprised of fear, mistrust, and suspicionBeing told to "mind our P's and Q's” taught us and an early age to be careful about what we tell othersWhile some caution may be wise, excessive fear of co-workers' reactions may stunt our development as effective communicators
6 7 Barriers to Great Communication 4. Cultural BarrierWhen one joins a group and wish to remain in it, sooner or later we need to adopt the behavior patterns of that group.We each participate in multiple cultures – those of our families, friends, and work groupsWe need to keep these differences in mind when communicating with co-workers
7 7 Barriers to Great Communication 5. Language BarrierThe language barrier is not just in the literal senseLanguage describes what we want to say in our own termsThis includes facial expressions, buzz-words, and jargonUsing excessive slang and jargon can exclude those unfamiliar with our terms and result in a failure to convey our meaning
8 7 Barriers to Great Communication 6. Gender BarrierThere are distinct differences in the way that men and women communicate, specifically with our speech patternsWomen speak between 22,000 and 25,000 words a day; while,Men speak between 7,000 and 10,000 words a dayWhen a man talks, his speech is located in the left side of the brain but in no specific area.When a woman talks, the speech is located in both hemispheres and in two specific locations
9 7 Barriers to Great Communication 6. Gender BarrierThis means that the man talks in a linear, logical and compartmentalized way – features of left-brain thinkingA woman talks more freely mixing logic and emotion – features of both sides of the brainWhat does this mean?
10 7 Barriers to Great Communication 7. Interpersonal BarrierThere are six levels at which people can distance themselves from one another:1 – Withdrawal is an absence of interpersonal contact – both the refusal to be in touch and time alone2 – Rituals are repetitive routines devoid of real contact3 – Pastimes fill up time with others in social but superficial activities4 – Working activities are those tasks which follow rules and procedures of contact but no more5 – Games are subtle, manipulative interactions about winning or losing6 – Closeness is the aim of interpersonal contact where there is a high level of honesty and acceptance of yourself and otherses
11 7 Barriers to Great Communication Working on improving your communications is a broad-brush activityYou have to change your thoughts, your feelings, and your physical connections.That way, you can break down the barriers that get in your way and start building relationships that work.Now that we know what are barriers are – Let’s talk about ways to consciously make an effort to communicate effectively!
12 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively Ineffective communication can definitely cause a strain on business productivity, but it can also be avoided!Before we even get started, you have to realize that successful communication is a two-way process.Both individuals in the communication must actively participate whether verbally or written.Communication is more than transmitting facts: it’s about human relationships!!!
13 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively 1. AttentionWinning the attention of the person we want to communicate with is the first stepWe must try to eliminate any “noise” including anything that could distract whether noise in the literal sense, physical/emotional discomfort, negative attitudes, or mannerisms/dress.Respect for the other person is an important prerequisite for attention getting. If the other person feels as if you truly empathize with them, you are quickly on your way to the second step in the process.
14 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively 2. ApprehensionWhat’s your first impression of this word?Although the word usually carries the connotation of “fear”, it’s primary meaning is “understanding”The two meanings of the word are definitely related & represent two sides of a coinThe task of the communicator is to change the aspect of “fear” into that of “understanding”
15 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively 2. ApprehensionAchieving apprehension is a critical part of the communication process, but it is also a subtle oneBe careful of asking a straight-forward question like “Do you understand?” or “What do you understand?”Instead, ask for input on the communication which allows for a free-flow conversation showing apprehension
16 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively 3. AssimilationAs crucial as Apprehension is: it is not enoughA person can understand a message completely, but he or she has not accepted it; or, it is accepted half-heartedly without convictionThe initiator of the communication has achieved an ideal result if the recipient has assimilated (or incorporated) the messageAssimilation of the concept goes a long way towards ensuring active participation, and harmonious cooperation, in the workplace
17 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively 4. ActionThis is the final step of the processThis step pushes a concept into realityOften a good business idea meets acceptance or agreement, but is not translated into actionIf assimilation has truly taken place, action on the part of the receiver should follow inevitably
18 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively 4. ActionKeep in mind that communication is a two-way processThe originator of the message must play their part, as well, with abundant support and encouragement
19 4 Steps to Communicating Effectively One on one communication is important; however, at times you will be required to provide information to multiplesLet’s discuss some basic rules for successful presentations
20 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 1. Rule of Tell’emTell’em what you are going to Tell’em, Tell it to them, and then Tell’em what you told themTranslation:Start with an introduction including an “agenda” or goals for the presentationProvide the contentSummarize the presentationStart with the last slide!!!If you emphasize the most important points you want to make, its relatively easy to build your presentation around them
21 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 2. KISS – Keep It Simple StupidIt’s the same ancient adage we heard in math class & it applies here tooThe more complicated you let things get, the more trouble you can expectKeep your presentation focused on the message, don’t get carried away with special effects and filler
22 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 3. Rehearse the presentationThere’s something to be said about winging it: try, “Forget It!”To present the most professional image, you need to know your presentation.It’s okay to leave the main script from time to time, but wandering presentations lack focus and lose the messageRehearsing the presentation means more than going over the informationRehearse the entire presentation like you will deliver it
23 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 3. Rehearse the presentationDon’t memorize the presentation.Reciting information removes passion/excitement from the presentationIf using notes, use them sparinglyToo much time spent reading notes may convince your audience that you are unpreparedIf your notes are in sentence form, you will inevitably read them – Try Bullet Points
24 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 4. Dress for SuccessSome say you can never overdress for a presentation. Others disagree.Other factors come into play with your dress:Humor and how formal your presentation is will impact whether you are “over” presentedOne thing is for sure! You should never dress down.
25 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 5. Pace YourselfDon’t go too fast, or too slow.Every “slide” deserves at least 10 seconds, and none need more than 100If you find yourself spending several minutes on one slide, consider breaking it up!
26 6 Basic Rules for Successful Presentations 6. Presentation ToolsSlides, LCD and DLP projectors, Laptops, LCD Panels, Video, Multimedia, Sounds, Laser Pointers, Lapel Microphones, Overheads, Photo-quality printers, Posterprinters…There are many presentation tools available to you as a presenterDetermine your needs, the presentation environment, and select the right group of toolsPractice using the tools before hand & ALWAYS have a back-up plan
27 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace With multiple cultures, genders, personalities, and communication styles in the workplace, conflict is destined to happenIneffective communication is typically what breeds conflictThere are ways to avoid conflict and how to handle it if it does arise
28 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 1. Remember FiltersWe all hear what is said through our own filtersFilters can include assumptions, biases, our own history, experience, etc.Consider your own filters as well as others when communicating with others
29 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 2. Listen as a WitnessAsk, “How would I listen to this person if I knew I were going to be called as an objective witness in court?”The goal here is to be as objective as possible and retain as many details as possible
30 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 3. ClarifyBefore you speak, make sure that you understand what the other person is saying.Ask open-ended (non-leading) questions until you do.Why is that so?What makes you say that?
31 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 4. RestateAsk “I think you said ‘…..’ Is that accurate?”Continue restating until your partner agrees that you heard him or her accurately.
32 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 5. Pause Before You SpeakAsk yourself which conflict style you’re using and why.Is it the style that will serve you best over the long term of the relationship?
33 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 6. Summarize the CommunicationAt the end of the communication, summarize the conversation and clarify the original reason for the communication.Be sure you know why you were asked to listen and what you’re expected to do – if anything – about the communication.Avoid jumping in too quickly with advice or solutions. Make sure the person wants advice.
34 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 7. Assume 100% Responsibility for the CommunicationAssume leadership in your communication.Assume that it is your responsibility to listen until you understand and to speak in a way that others can understand.
35 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace 8. Check Out MisunderstandingsCheck out any misunderstandings if they occur.Assume miscommunication before you assume someone is trying to undermine you efforts.
36 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace If conflict arises – How should you handle the situation?Gain Agreement That:There is a conflictWe share a common goal to resolve itWhat we’ve tried so far hasn’t workedIdentify Hot ButtonsSay something like: “There seems to be something that ‘x’ says or that I say that upsets you. What is it?”Clarify back to the person: “It seems that you are bothered by the idea that….”
37 8 Ways to Avoid Conflict in the Workplace By gaining agreement & clarifying statements, you are working together to resolve the conflictThus, the focus is on resolution rather than the conflict itself
38 ConclusionIneffective communication is a major, yet avoidable, obstacle to business productivity. (Key word is AVOIDABLE)Successful communication is a two-way street! Both parties must make the effort.Communication is as much a matter of human relationships as it is about transmitting facts whether over-the-phone, in a meeting, or giving a presentation.Effective communication will help to eliminate conflict in the workplace